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Schizophrenia clinical trials at UCSF
11 in progress, 7 open to new patients

  • "Cognitive Training Delivered Remotely to Individuals With Psychosis

    open to eligible people ages 18–60

    The purpose of this study is to use remote methods and scalable interactive neurotechnology to generate important data on the potential for remote targeted cognitive treatment in people with schizophrenia. The investigators will perform a double-blind randomized control trial in 120 participants with schizophrenia, comparing: 1) An evidence-based structured program of 40 hours of on-line auditory and social cognitive training (exercises over 12 weeks (-3.5 hours per week), delivered with an innovative digital application which provides users with a motivation coach to set personalized goals and with secure social networking for peer support, Personalized Real-time Intervention for Motivational Enhancement (PRIME) ; vs.2) A control condition of free-choice on-line cognitive exercises, encouraged at 3.5 hours per week over 12 weeks, delivered with a standard commercial goal-setting app, "Daily Goals".

    San Francisco, California and other locations

  • Adult Study Oxytocin - Behavioral

    open to eligible people ages 18–65

    In this study, investigators will examine the behavioral effects and neurophysiological mechanisms of the pro-social neuropeptide oxytocin in patients with recent-onset schizophrenia. Such research is a necessary first step towards identifying whether intranasal oxytocin administration can serve as an adjunct treatment for social impairments in schizophrenia. Aim 1: To quantify the effects of exogenous oxytocin on social cognition and behavior in patients with recent-onset schizophrenia. Hypothesis A: Patients and healthy comparison subjects will show enhanced social cognition (e.g., improved interpretation of paralinguistic and emotional cues, such as those involved in emotional or sarcastic communication) after administration of oxytocin versus placebo. Hypothesis B: Patients and healthy comparison subjects will show increased attention to others' eyes and patients will exhibit increased facial affect expressivity after administration of oxytocin versus placebo. Aim 2: To examine the effects of exogenous oxytocin on PNS activity in patients with recent-onset schizophrenia. Hypothesis A: Patients and healthy comparison subjects will demonstrate increased PNS activity during social tasks after administration of oxytocin versus placebo. Hypothesis B (exploratory): Patients and healthy comparison subjects' improvements in social cognition and behavior will be predicted by the degree to which oxytocin increases their PNS activity.

    San Francisco, California and other locations

  • Adult Study Oxytocin - fMRI

    open to eligible males ages 18–50

    In this study, investigators will examine the behavioral effects and neurophysiological mechanisms of the pro-social neuropeptide oxytocin in patients with recent-onset schizophrenia. Such research is a necessary first step towards identifying whether intranasal oxytocin administration can serve as an adjunct treatment for social impairments in schizophrenia. Aim 1: To examine the effects of exogenous oxytocin on patterns of neural activation as measured by fMRI during a well-characterized affect-labeling task in patients with recent-onset schizophrenia and healthy comparison subjects. Hypothesis A: Patients will exhibit amygdalar hyperactivity and PNS hypo-activity when passively viewing faces, which will be normalized by administration of oxytocin. Hypothesis B: Patients will exhibit hypo-activity of the vPFC when affectively labeling faces and this hypo-activity will be normalized by oxytocin administration.

    San Francisco, California and other locations

  • Brain Imaging, Attention, and Auditory Processing in Schizophrenia

    open to eligible people ages 18–75

    This is a research study designed to examine how the psychiatric illness called schizophrenia affects brain function and thinking abilities such as attention and memory during simple computer-based tasks, and how measures of brain function are related to performance. We do this by looking at brain activity using electroencephalography (EEG) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We compare participants' results to the activity in their brain as well as clinical measures and questionnaires also completed during this study.

    San Francisco, California

  • Community-Based Cognitive Training in Early Schizophrenia

    open to eligible people ages 18–35

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether cognitive training exercises can improve cognitive functioning in young patients with recent-onset schizophrenia, schizoaffective, schizophreniform, and psychosis NOS who are being treated in community mental health settings. We will investigate the effects of web-based cognitive training exercises delivered on a portable laptop computer. The findings will provide us with valuable information on whether cognitive training can improve the cognition and functioning of young individuals early in the course of schizophrenia.

    San Francisco, California

  • Dyad Oxytocin Study (DOS)

    open to eligible people ages 18–75

    The purpose of the investigators proposed study is twofold: 1) To investigate the role of the affiliative neuropeptide oxytocin in unhealthy interactions in families of patients with schizophrenia and families of patients with autism spectrum disorder, and 2) to investigate whether manipulation of this oxytocinergic system positively influences these family interactions.

    San Francisco, California

  • Reward Processing in Schizophrenia

    open to eligible people ages 18–30

    The purpose of this study is to examine the nature of reward processing dysfunctions in schizophrenia using neuroimaging techniques that capture in vivo brain functioning, such as EEG and fMRI.

    San Francisco, California

  • Adult Oxytocin Study

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    In this study, investigators will examine the behavioral effects and neurophysiological mechanisms of the pro-social neuropeptide oxytocin in patients with recent-onset schizophrenia. Such research is a necessary first step towards identifying whether intranasal oxytocin administration can serve as an adjunct treatment for social impairments in schizophrenia. Aim 1: To quantify the effects of exogenous oxytocin on social cognition and behavior in patients with recent-onset schizophrenia. Hypothesis A: Patients and healthy comparison subjects will show enhanced social cognition (e.g., improved interpretation of paralinguistic and emotional cues, such as those involved in emotional or sarcastic communication) after administration of oxytocin versus placebo. Hypothesis B: Patients and healthy comparison subjects will show increased attention to others' eyes and patients will exhibit increased facial affect expressivity after administration of oxytocin versus placebo. Aim 2: To examine the effects of exogenous oxytocin on persistent negative symptoms in schizophrenia (PNS) activity in patients with recent-onset schizophrenia. Hypothesis A: Patients and healthy comparison subjects will demonstrate increased PNS activity during social tasks after administration of oxytocin versus placebo. Hypothesis B (exploratory): Patients and healthy comparison subjects' improvements in social cognition and behavior will be predicted by the degree to which oxytocin increases their PNS activity.

    San Francisco, California and other locations

  • Enhancing Motivation in Recent Onset Schizophrenia

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    This project will result in the development of a personalized intervention strategy to improve motivation for treatment engagement and functional outcomes in individuals with a recent onset of schizophrenia. Motivational impairment is arguably the single most important factor that determines a patient's ability to engage in and adhere to effective treatment. In our study, sixty participants will be enrolled in a randomized controlled trial comparing the feasibility and tolerability of two types of motivational interventions (Daily Goals or PRIME), and a neuroplasticity-based cognitive training program. Participants are randomized to either receive Daily Goals or PRIME for 8 weeks, after which, both conditions will also receive an 8-week course of cognitive training delivered via iPads. Participants will undergo pre/post-testing and a 6-month follow-up to determine feasibility and efficacy of the interventions. By enhancing motivation, schizophrenia patients would be able to engage more fully with treatment and develop full and productive lives. This study may also pave the way forward for other health conditions in which motivational impairments impede health outcomes. All assessments will be conducted at the University of California, San Francisco; however, we offer some assessments to be done remotely.

    San Francisco, California

  • Oxytocin MEG Study

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The specific aim of this proposal is to investigate the neurophysiological mechanisms of oxytocin's (OT) prosocial effects in patients with schizophrenia and healthy subjects using magnetoencephalography. Hypothesis A: When OT is administered to patients with schizophrenia, fear-related amygdala hyperreactivity and fusiform gyrus (FG) and anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) hypoactivity will be normalized. Hypothesis B: When OT is administered to patients with schizophrenia, the decreased functional connectivity (FC) between the amygdala, FG, and ACC will be normalized. By elucidating the neurophysiological mechanisms of OT administration on emotional face processing, investigators will bee able to: 1. understand the pathophysiology of the functionally debilitating social cognitive deficits of schizophrenia, 2. test the efficacy of OT in normalizing the neural abnormalities underlying these social deficits, and 3. develop and optimize novel treatments for these currently untreatable deficits.

    San Francisco, California

  • Pediatric Open-Label Extension Study

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    This is an open-label, 104-week, multicenter, extension study designed to evaluate the long-term safety, tolerability and effectiveness of flexibly dosed lurasidone (20, 40, 60 or 80 mg/day) in pediatric subjects who have completed the 6-week treatment period in the preceding studies, D1050301, D1050325, and D1050326

    San Francisco, California and other locations