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Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
Location
at San Francisco, California and other locations
Dates
study started
estimated completion:

Description

Summary

This laboratory study is looking at genetic mutations and environmental exposure in young patients with retinoblastoma and in their parents and young healthy unrelated volunteers. Gathering information about gene mutations and environmental exposure may help doctors learn more about the causes of retinoblastoma in young patients.

Official Title

Carcinogen Metabolism, DNA Repair, Parental Exposures and Retinoblastoma

Details

OBJECTIVES:

I. To investigate the role of genotypes for carcinogen metabolizing enzymes (CME) and DNA repair proteins(DRPs) of the father of children diagnosed with retinoblastoma (RB) and his environmental exposures prior to the child's conception in the etiology of sporadic bilateral retinoblastoma.

II. To test if the prevalence of preconception environmental exposures and polymorphisms with known or predicted functional consequences in genes for CMEs and DRPs is different in fathers of children with sporadic bilateral RB compared with fathers of the control group.

III. To test if the prevalence of the father's preconception environmental exposures and his polymorphisms in CMEs and DRPs differs between subsets of cases defined by the type of mutation at the RB1 gene locus.

IV. To investigate the role of genotypes for CMEs and DRPs of the mother and child and environmental exposures after the child's conception in the etiology of sporadic unilateral RB.

V. To test if the prevalence of environmental exposures during the pregnancy and polymorphisms with known or predicted functional consequences in CMEs is different in the mothers of children with sporadic unilateral RB compared with mothers of the control group.

VI. To test if the prevalence of polymorphisms in genes for CMEs and DRPs with known or predicted functional consequences is different in the children with sporadic unilateral RB compared with controls.

VII. To test if the prevalence of gestational exposures and polymorphisms in genes for CMEs of the mother and the polymorphisms in genes for CME and DRPs in the children differs between subsets of cases defined by the type of mutation at the RB1 gene locus.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.

Participants undergo a structured telephone interview questionnaire. The parental questionnaires collect basic demographic data (including age, race, education, and income), occupational history, medical radiation exposure, diet and supplement use (for the year before pregnancy for father, during pregnancy for mother), tobacco use, and alcohol use. The mothers are also asked about residential pesticides and prior assisted reproductive technology.

Controls (parents) provide saliva samples. If a patient is also enrolled on COG-ARET0332, then the patient blood and tumor samples should be submitted. Parents of patients on this protocol should also submit a blood sample. Blood samples from the affected child, and blood and/or sputum samples from the parents may be submitted. Tumor specimens should be submitted if available.

For some patients, a RB1 mutation detection assay on DNA derived from peripheral blood is performed. If the mutation is found, the parents' DNA is also screened. Blood samples undergo DNA-based sequencing analysis, single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping, quantitative Southern blot analysis, isolation of RNA and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction analysis, and loss of heterozygosity analysis.

Keywords

Extraocular Retinoblastoma Intraocular Retinoblastoma Recurrent Retinoblastoma

Eligibility

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Cases must meet the following criteria:
  • Diagnosed with sporadic retinoblastoma (RB) on or after 07/01/2006
  • No familial retinoblastoma
  • Have permission of physician to contact the parents
  • Diagnosed and/or treated at a Children's Oncology Group (COG) institution or*Wills Eye Hospital
  • Controls must meet 1 of the following criteria:
  • Mother of a child with unilateral RB
  • Father of a child with bilateral RB
  • Age-matched non-blood-related child if possible
  • Must reside in the U.S. or Canada
  • Must have telephone in the home
  • Biological parent speaks English or Spanish
  • Concurrent treatment on a therapeutic trial is NOT required

Locations

  • Children's Hospital Central California
    Madera, California, 93636-8762, United States
  • Children's Hospital Los Angeles
    Los Angeles, California, 90027, United States
  • Nevada Cancer Research Foundation CCOP
    Las Vegas, Nevada, 89106, United States

Details

Status
in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
Children's Oncology Group
ID
NCT00690469
Study Type
Observational
Last Updated
April 1, 2017