The goal of this study is to find which patients will improve with the nonsurgical treatment of physical therapy for the treatment of rotator cuff tears.
Rotator cuff tears are found in up to 40% of people over the age of 50 with the prevalence increasing with age. While most people remain asymptomatic, it is unknown why some develop symptoms. In symptomatic patients, surgical repair of a torn rotator cuff fails in 30-50% of patients, yet the majority of patients have a significant reduction pain despite failure of the repair. Nonoperative treatment has reported successful outcomes in 25-82% of patients yet it is not known which patient-related features predict success with nonoperative treatment. The general aim of this research effort is to identify patient features (historical information, physical examination findings, and MRI-based pathology) that would predict success (defined by reduction in visual analog pain scale, and patient satisfaction) with the nonoperative treatment of rotator cuff tears. The proposed study design is a prospective cohort study of patients with rotator cuff tears who will follow a standard physical therapy program derived from an evidence based medicine (EBM) systematic review of Level 1 and Level 2 studies.
Study the effect of historical information on predicting success (as determined by pain relief and patient satisfaction) of nonoperative treatment using the EBM based physical therapy program in treating patients with rotator cuff tears.
Study the effect of physical examination findings on predicting success of a nonoperative treatment using the EBM-based physical therapy program in treating patients with rotator cuff tears.
Study the effect of the severity of the rotator cuff pathology (using standardized magnetic resonance imaging protocols) on predicting success of nonoperative treatment for patients with rotator cuff tears using the EBM-based physical therapy program.
Rotator Cuff Tearrotator cuffrehabilitation
You can join if…
Open to people ages 18 years to 100 years
• Patients (18-100 years of age) with MRI findings of a full-thickness rotator cuff tear
Note: Criteria to obtain a shoulder MRI to evaluate for rotator cuff tear [Appendix D]:
Significant weakness (≥ 2 points per guidelines above.)
ADL pain or night pain>/= 7 on VAS
Significant impingement (per guidelines above) + with significant symptoms for ≥ 3 months.
You CAN'T join if...
Acute rotator cuff tears (generally due to a high velocity injury and symptoms of less than one month)
Systemic Rheumatologic disease, i.e. Rheumatoid Arthritis and Systemic Lupus Erythematosis
Patients being treated for bilateral rotator cuff tears simultaneously
Patients unable to complete the forms
Pain from neck or scapula
Previous shoulder surgery
Glenohumeral arthritis (meets ≥ 1 of below criteria)
osteophytes>2mm on humeral head or glenoid
Joint space narrowing with sclerosis or cyst formation seen on true AP or axillary radiographs;
humeral head contacting acromion
University of California at San Francisco San Francisco, California, 94143, USA
Colorado University Sports Medicine Boulder, Colorado, 80304, USA
Universtiy Of Iowa Iowa City, Iowa, 52242, USA
Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Washington Universtiy School of Medicine St. Louis, Missouri, 63110, USA
Hospital for Special Surgery New York, New York, 10021, USA
Ohio State Columbus, Ohio, 43221, USA
Sports Medicine & Shoulder Surgery, Orthopedic Institute Sioux Falls, South Dakota, 57117, USA
Shoulder and Elbow Institute, Knoxville Orthopaedic Clinic Knoxville, Tennessee, 37922, USA
Vanderbilt Universtiy Medical Center Nashville, Tennessee, 37232, USA