RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy work in different ways to stop the growth of cancer cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Giving more than one drug (combination chemotherapy) may kill more cancer cells. G-CSF may help lessen the side effects in patients receiving chemotherapy. Imaging procedures, such as fludeoxyglucose F 18-PET/CT imaging, may help doctors predict how patients will respond to treatment.
PURPOSE: This phase II trial is studying fludeoxyglucose F 18-PET/CT imaging to see how well it works in assessing response to combination chemotherapy and allow doctors to plan better additional further treatment in treating patients with stage III or stage IV Hodgkin lymphoma.
A Phase II Trial of Response-Adapted Therapy of Stage III-IV Hodgkin Lymphoma Using Early Interim FDG-PET Imaging
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study.
All patients undergo baseline whole-body fludeoxyglucose F 18 (FDG)-PET/CT imaging before beginning chemotherapy. Patients then receive doxorubicin hydrochloride IV, bleomycin IV, vinblastine IV, and dacarbazine IV (ABVD) on days 1 and 15. Treatment repeats every 28 days for up to 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Between days 22 and 25 of course 2, patients undergo a second FDG-PET/CT scan to assess response. Subsequent therapy is based on FDG-PET/CT scan results. Patients are stratified according to FDG-PET positivity (yes vs no). Patients who are FDG-PET-negative continue treatment with ABVD for up to 4 additional courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients who are FDG-PET-positive are then further stratified according to HIV positivity (yes or no) and receive 1 of the following treatment regimens:
Six to eight weeks after completion of chemotherapy, patients undergo a post-treatment FDG-PET/CT scan.
Some patients may undergo bone marrow biopsy at 1 month after the last course of chemotherapy.
After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up periodically for 7 years.
Lymphoma Nonneoplastic Condition stage III adult Hodgkin lymphoma stage IV adult Hodgkin lymphoma adult lymphocyte depletion Hodgkin lymphoma adult lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma adult mixed cellularity Hodgkin lymphoma adult nodular sclerosis Hodgkin lymphoma HIV infection Doxorubicin Liposomal doxorubicin Bleomycin Etoposide Etoposide phosphate Prednisone Cyclophosphamide Vincristine Vinblastine Procarbazine
For people ages 18 years to 60 years
PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:
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