a study on HIV/AIDS
The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of a VRC DNA/rAd5 vaccine regimen in healthy, circumcised men and male-to-female (MTF) transgender persons who have sex with men. NOTE: As of April 2013, all vaccinations in this study have been stopped.
Phase 2b, Randomized, Placebo-Controlled Test-of-Concept Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of a Multiclade HIV-1 DNA Plasmid Vaccine Followed by a Multiclade HIV-1 Recombinant Adenoviral Vector Vaccine in HIV-Uninfected, Adenovirus Type 5 Neutralizing Antibody Negative, Circumcised Men and Male-to-Female (MTF) Transgender Persons, Who Have Sex With Men
In 2007, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS estimated that 33.2 million people were living with HIV/AIDS globally. The U.S. HIV prevalence data reported in October 2008 by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention estimate that 1.1 million adults and adolescents were living with diagnosed or undiagnosed HIV infection in the United States at the end of 2006. Nearly half of all U.S. HIV infections (48.1%) were found in men who have sex with men (MSM). Given the difficulty of maintaining behaviors that prevent HIV transmission over a lifetime and the occurrence of nonconsensual sex, the need for a safe and effective vaccine is clear. The primary purpose of this study is to determine the safety and efficacy of a VRC DNA/rAd5 vaccine regimen in healthy, at-risk, circumcised men and MTF transgender persons who have sex with men.
Participants will be randomly assigned to one of two arms. Participants in Arm 1 will receive a recombinant DNA plasmid vaccine injection at study entry and on Days 28 and 56, followed by a recombinant adenoviral serotype vector vaccine injection on Day 168. Participants in Arm 2 will receive placebo injections at study entry and on Days 28, 56, and 168.
Participants who do not become HIV infected will be actively followed for a minimum of 24 months and will continue to be followed by the study for long-term safety surveillance for a total of 5 years following enrollment. Participants will be contacted annually during the period of long-term safety surveillance.
Participants who are found to be HIV infected prior to receiving their first injection or who receive their first injection but were HIV infected prior to study start will be followed on a modified schedule.
Participants who become HIV infected will be followed for 6 months post-diagnosis.
At most study visits, participants will undergo a physical exam and blood draw.
As of April 2013, all vaccinations in this study have been stopped. Participants have been notified of whether they received the study vaccines or placebo. Participants diagnosed with HIV infection will attend study visits for 6 months for health monitoring. Participants who are not diagnosed with HIV infection will attend planned study visits for 24 months and will be followed by the study clinic at least annually for a total of 5 years following study enrollment.
HIV Infections HIV Seronegativity HIV Preventive Vaccine HIV Treatment Vaccine Adenovirus Vaccines
Open to males ages 18 years to 50 years
Experienced one or both of the following HIV risk criteria in the 6 months before study entry:
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