The study will determine whether the anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody, teplizumab, can help to prevent or delay the onset of type 1 diabetes (T1D) in relatives determined to be at very high risk for developing the disease. Teplizumab has been studied in new onset type 1 diabetes for testing of efficacy and safety in previous studies; other studies are currently in progress. The results of previous studies indicate that teplizumab reduces the loss of insulin production during the first year after diagnosis in individuals with type 1 diabetes. The purpose of this study is to determine if teplizumab can interdict the immune process that causes the destruction of insulin secreting beta cells in the pancreas during the "pre-diabetic" state and thereby prevent or delay the onset of type 1 diabetes.
AntiCD3 Mab (Teplizumab) For Prevention of Diabetes In Relatives At-Risk for Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus
The study plans to enroll approximately 71 subjects between the ages of 8-45 years, over 2-3 years. The study is projected to last between 4-6 years, depending upon rate of enrollment and number of subjects who develop diabetes.
The main study objective is to determine whether intervention with teplizumab will prevent or delay the development of type 1 diabetes in high risk autoantibody positive non-diabetic relatives of individuals with T1D. Secondary outcomes are to include analyses of C-peptide and other measures from Oral Glucose Tolerance Testing (OGTT), safety, tolerability, and other mechanistic outcomes will be assessed during the study.
Autoantibody PositiveNon-diabetic Relatives at Risk for Type 1 DiabetesHigh RiskImpaired Glucose Tolerancetype 1 diabetespre-diabeticat risk for type 1 diabetesglucose intolerancerelatives of people with type 1 diabetes
You can join if…
Open to people ages 8–45
Between ages of 8-45 years
Have a relative with type 1 diabetes
If first degree relative must be 8-45 years old (brother, sister, parent, offspring)
If second degree relative must be between 8-20 years old (niece, nephew, aunt, uncle,grandchild, cousin)
Abnormal glucose tolerance by OGTT confirmed with 7 weeks of baseline visit [fasting blood glucose greater than 110mg/dL or and less than 126 mg/dL OR 2 hour glucose greater or equal to 140 mg/dL and less than 200 mg/dL OR 30, 60, or 90 minute value on OGTT greater than or equal to 200 mg/dL]
Presence of at least two confirmed diabetes autoantibodies
You CAN'T join if...
type 1 diabetes previously diagnosed or detected at screening [fasting glucose greater or equal to 126 mg/dL or 2 hour glucose greater or equal to 200 mg/dL]
abnormalities in blood counts, liver enzymes, INR,
positive PPD test
vaccination with live virus within 6 weeks of randomization
evidence of acute infection based on laboratory testing or clinical evidence
serological evidence of past current or past HIV , hepatitis B, or hepatitis C infection
Be currently pregnant or lactating
Prior treatment with study drug
Prior treatment with other monoclonal antibody in past one year
University of California in San Franciscoaccepting new patients San Francisco, California, 94143, United States
University of California-San Franciscoaccepting new patients San Francisco, California, 94143, United States
Stanford Universityaccepting new patients Stanford, California, 94305, United States
accepting new patients by invitation only
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)