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Summary

for people ages 55–90 (full criteria)
healthy people welcome
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
estimated completion:

Description

Summary

The purpose of this study is to build upon the information obtained in the original Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI1) and ADNI-GO (Grand Opportunity; a study funded through an NIH grant under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act), to examine how brain imaging technology can be used with other tests to measure the progression of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and early Alzheimer's disease (AD). ADNI2 seeks to inform the neuroscience of AD. This information will aid in the early detection of AD, and in measuring the effectiveness of treatments in future clinical trials.

Details

The Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative (ADNI) began in October 2004 as a landmark study with a public-private partnership that gathered and analyzed thousands of brain scans, genetic profiles and biomarkers in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Although the original goal was to define biomarkers for use in clinical trials to determine the best way to measure treatment effects of Alzheimer's disease (AD), the goal has been expanded to using biomarkers to identify AD at a pre-dementia stage. ADNI1 involves scientists at 59 research centers, 54 in the U.S. and five in Canada. Originally 800 participants were enrolled. This group was comprised of 200 participants with AD, 400 with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and 200 with normal cognition. In ADNI-GO, an estimated 200 participants with early amnestic MCI (EMCI) were enrolled to understand and characterize the mildest symptomatic phase of AD. An additional 650 participants will be enrolled under ADNI2.

Some of the leading-edge technologies under study are brain-imaging techniques, such as positron emission tomography (PET), including FDG-PET (which measures glucose metabolism in the brain); PET using a radioactive compound (Florbetapir F 18) that measures brain beta-amyloid; and structural MRI. Brain scans are showing scientists how the brain's structure and function change as AD starts and progresses. Biomarkers in cerebrospinal fluid are revealing other changes that could identify which patients with MCI will develop Alzheimer's. Scientists are looking at levels of beta-amyloid and tau in cerebrospinal fluid. (Abnormal amounts of the amyloid and tau proteins in the brain are hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease.)

ADNI2 extends the work of ADNI1 and ADNI GO to understand the progression of AD. The overall goal is to determine the relationships among the clinical, cognitive, imaging, genetic and biochemical biomarker characteristics of the entire spectrum of AD, as the pathology evolves from normal aging through very mild symptoms, to MCI, to dementia.

The overall impact of this study will be increased knowledge concerning the sequence and timing of events leading to MCI and AD, development of better clinical and imaging/fluid biomarker methods for early detection and for monitoring the progression of these conditions, and facilitation of clinical trials to slow disease progression, ultimately contributing to the prevention of AD.

Keywords

Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) Alzheimer's Disease (AD) Significant Memory Concern (SMC) Early Mild Cognitive Impairment (EMCI) Late Mild Cognitive Impairment (LMCI) amyloid plaques neuroimaging biomarkers cognition disorder early detection Amnestic MCI pre-dementia dementia Alzheimer's disease tau Alzheimer Disease Cognition Disorders Mild Cognitive Impairment

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 55–90

Participants will be classified as either normal controls, SMC, EMCI, LMCI or AD participants. General Inclusion Criteria will apply to all groups, with specific criteria for each group as described below:

General (applies to each category):

  • Geriatric Depression Scale less than 6.
  • Age between 55-90 (inclusive). For normal controls and SMC participants, age must be between 65-90.

  • Study partner is available who has frequent contact with the participant (e.g. an average of 10 hours per week or more), and can accompany the participant to all clinic visits for the duration of the protocol.
  • Visual and auditory acuity adequate for neuropsychological testing.
  • Good general health with no diseases expected to interfere with the study.
  • Participant is not pregnant, lactating, or of childbearing potential (i.e. women must be two years post-menopausal or surgically sterile).
  • Willing and able to participate in a longitudinal imaging study.
  • Hachinski less than or equal to 4.
  • Completed six grades of education or has a good work history (sufficient to exclude mental retardation).
  • Must speak English or Spanish fluently.
  • Willing to undergo repeated MRIs (3Tesla) and at least two PET scans (one FDG and one Amyloid imaging) and no medical contraindications to MRI.
  • Agrees to collection of blood for Genome Wide Association Studies (GWAS), APOE testing and DNA and RNA banking.
  • Agrees to collection of blood for biomarker testing.
  • Agrees to at least one lumbar puncture for the collection of CSF.

Specific Inclusion Criteria for normal controls:

  • Participant must be free of memory complaints, verified by a study partner.
  • Normal memory function score on Wechsler Memory Scale (adjusted for education)
  • Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) score between 24 and 30 (inclusive)
  • Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) = 0; Memory Box score must be 0
  • Cognitively normal, based on an absence of significant impairment in cognitive functions or activities of daily living
  • Stability of Permitted Medications for 4 weeks. In particular, participants may take:
  • Antidepressants lacking significant anticholinergic side effects
  • Estrogen replacement therapy is permissible
  • Gingko biloba is permissible, but discouraged
  • Washout from psychoactive medication (e.g., excluded antidepressants,neuroleptics, chronic anxiolytics or sedative hypnotics, etc.) for at least 4 weeks prior to screening

Specific Inclusion Criteria for SMC participants:

  • Subjects that are "self-referrals" that have a significant subjective memory concern
  • Significant memory concern confirmed by a Cognitive Change Index score of more than or equal to 16
  • Normal memory function score on Wechsler Memory Scale (adjusted for education)
  • Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) score between 24 and 30 (inclusive)
  • Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) = 0; Memory Box score must be 0
  • Cognitively normal, based on the absence of significant memory impairment in cognitive function or activities of daily living
  • Stability of Permitted Medications for 4 weeks. In particular, subjects may take:
  • Antidepressants lacking significant anticholinergic side effects
  • Estrogen replacement therapy is permissible
  • Gingko biloba is permissible, but discouraged
  • Washout from psychoactive medication (e.g., excluded antidepressants,neuroleptics, chronic anxiolytics or sedative hypnotics, etc.) for at least 4 weeks prior to screening

Specific Inclusion Criteria for EMCI and LMCI participants:

  • Participant must have a subjective memory concern as reported by participant, study partner, or clinician
  • Abnormal memory function score on Wechsler Memory Scale (adjusted for education)
  • Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) score between 24 and 30 (inclusive)
  • Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) = 0.5; Memory Box score must be at least 0.5
  • General cognition and functional performance sufficiently preserved such that a diagnosis of AD cannot be made by the site physician at the time of the screening visit
  • Stability of Permitted Medications for 4 weeks. In particular, participants may take:
  • Antidepressants lacking significant anticholinergic side effects
  • Estrogen replacement therapy
  • Gingko biloba is permissible, but discouraged
  • Washout from psychoactive medication (e.g., excluded antidepressants,neuroleptics, chronic anxiolytics or sedative hypnotics, etc.) for at least 4 weeks prior to screening
  • Cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine are allowable if stable for 12 weeks prior to screening

Specific Inclusion Criteria for AD participants:

  • Participant must have a subjective memory concern as reported by participant, study partner, or clinician
  • Abnormal memory function score on Wechsler Memory Scale (adjusted for education)
  • Mini-Mental State Exam (MMSE) score between 20 and 26 (inclusive)
  • Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) = 0.5 or 1.0
  • National Institute of Neurological and Communicative Diseases and Stroke/Alzheimer's Disease and Related Disorders Association (NINCDS/ADRDA) criteria for probable AD
  • Stability of Permitted Medications for 4 weeks. In particular, participants may take:
  • Antidepressants lacking significant anticholinergic side effects
  • Estrogen replacement therapy
  • Gingko biloba is permissible, but discouraged
  • Washout from psychoactive medication (e.g., excluded antidepressants,neuroleptics, chronic anxiolytics or sedative hypnotics, etc.) for at least 4 weeks prior to screening
  • Cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine are allowable if stable for 12 weeks prior to screening

Specific Inclusion Criteria for follow-up participants from ADNI1 and ADNI GO:

  • Must have been enrolled and followed in ADNI1 for at least one year or enrolled in ADNI-GO with original diagnosis of Cognitively Normal (CN), Mild Cognitive Impairment(MCI), or Early Mild Cognitive Impairment (EMCI) regardless of whether a diagnostic conversion has occurred since initial enrollment in ADNI.
  • Willing and able to continue to participate in an ongoing longitudinal study. A reduced battery of tests is allowable if the participant is not able/willing to complete the full battery.
  • Study partner is available who has frequent contact with the participant (e.g. an average of 10 hours per week or more), and can accompany the participant to all clinic visits for the duration of the protocol.

You CAN'T join if...

General (applies to each category):

  • Screening/baseline MRI scan with evidence of infection, infarction, or other focal lesions; Participants with multiple lacunes or lacunes in a critical memory structure are excluded
  • Presence of pacemakers, aneurysm clips, artificial heart valves, ear implants, metal fragments or foreign objects in the eyes, skin or body
  • Major depression, bipolar disorder as described in Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) within the past 1 year
  • Currently treated with medication for obsessive-compulsive disorder or attention deficit disorder
  • History of schizophrenia
  • History of alcohol or substance abuse or dependence within the past 2 years
  • Any significant systemic illness or unstable medical condition which could lead to difficulty complying with the protocol
  • Clinically significant abnormalities in B12, or TFTs that might interfere with the study
  • Residence in skilled nursing facility
  • Current use of specific psychoactive medications (e.g.,certain antidepressants,neuroleptics, chronic anxiolytics or sedative hypnotics, etc.); Current use of warfarin or dabigatran (exclusionary for lumbar puncture).
  • Use of investigational agents one month prior to entry and for the duration of the trial
  • Participation in clinical studies involving neuropsychological measures being collected more than one time per year
  • Exclusion for FDG PET scan and amyloid imaging with Florbetapir F 18: Current or recent participation in any procedures involving radioactive agents such that the total radiation dose exposure to the participant in any given year would exceed the limits of annual and total dose commitment set forth in the US Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 21 Section 361.1.
  • Exceptions to these guidelines may be considered on a case-by-case basis at the discretion of the protocol director

Specific Exclusion Criteria for normal controls and SMC participants:

  • Any significant neurologic disease, such as Parkinson's disease, multi-infarct dementia, Huntington's disease, normal pressure hydrocephalus, brain tumor,progressive supranuclear palsy, seizure disorder, subdural hematoma, multiple sclerosis, or history of significant head trauma followed by persistent neurologic defaults or known structural brain abnormalities

Specific Exclusion Criteria for EMCI and LMCI participants:

  • Any significant neurologic disease other than suspected incipient Alzheimer's disease,such as Parkinson's disease, multi-infarct dementia, Huntington's disease, normal pressure hydrocephalus, brain tumor, progressive supranuclear palsy, seizure disorder,subdural hematoma, multiple sclerosis, or history of significant head trauma followed by persistent neurologic defaults or known structural brain abnormalities.

Specific Exclusion Criteria for AD participants:

  • Any significant neurologic disease other than Alzheimer's disease, such as Parkinson's disease, multi-infarct dementia, Huntington's disease, normal pressure hydrocephalus,brain tumor, progressive supranuclear palsy, seizure disorder, subdural hematoma,multiple sclerosis, or history of significant head trauma followed by persistent neurologic defaults or known structural brain abnormalities.

Specific Exclusion Criteria for follow-up participants from ADNI1 and ADNI GO:

  • Participants will not be able to participate in FDG PET scan and amyloid imaging with

Florbetapir F 18 if the following is true: Current or recent participation in any procedures involving radioactive agents such that the total radiation dose exposure to the participant in any given year would exceed the limits of annual and total dose commitment set forth in the US Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Title 21 Section 361.1.

Locations

  • University of California, San Francisco
    San Francisco, California, 94158, United States
  • University of California, Davis
    Martinez, California, 94553, United States
  • Stanford University / PAIRE
    Palo Alto, California, 94304, United States
  • University of Southern California
    Los Angeles, California, 90033, United States
  • University of California, Los Angeles
    Los Angeles, California, 90095, United States
  • University of California, Irvine (Brain Imaging Center)
    Orange, California, 92868, United States
  • University of California, Irvine
    Irvine, California, 92697, United States
  • Cleveland Clinic Lou Ruvo Center for Brain Health
    Las Vegas, Nevada, 89106, United States

Details

Status
in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of Southern California
Links
Alzheimer's Disease Education and Referral Center
Alzheimer's Therapeutic Research Institute
Laboratory of Neuroimaging: Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative
Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative
ID
NCT01231971
Lead Scientist
Michael W. Weiner
Study Type
Observational
Last Updated
October 4, 2017