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for people ages 4 years to 21 years
at Oakland, California and other locations
study started



This randomized phase III trial is studying how well Caphosol rinse works in preventing mucositis in young patients undergoing autologous or donor stem cell transplant. Supersaturated calcium phosphate (Caphosol) rinse may be able to prevent mucositis, or mouth sores, in patients undergoing stem cell transplant.

Official Title

A Randomized Double Blinded Trial of Topical Caphosol to Prevent Oral Mucositis in Children Undergoing Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation



I. To determine if topically administered supersaturated calcium phosphate (Caphosol), rinsed orally four times daily at the initiation of conditioning for hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), reduces oral mucositis as demonstrated by a decrease in duration of severe oral mucositis (World Health Organization [WHO] grade 3 or 4), compared to placebo.


I. To determine whether Caphosol administration, when compared to placebo, reduces oral mucositis as demonstrated by a decrease in incidence of severe oral mucositis (WHO grade 3 or 4); severity of mucositis according to mouth pain categorical rating scale and Oral Mucositis Daily Questionnaire (OMDQ); incidence, total dose, and duration of parenteral opioid analgesic use (morphine equivalents); and incidence and duration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) administration.

II. To determine whether Caphosol administration, when compared to placebo, reduces the incidence of febrile neutropenia and invasive bacterial infections.

III. To validate a new pediatric measure of oral mucositis termed the Children's International Mucositis Evaluation Scale (ChIMES).

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to conditioning regimen (total-body irradiation (TBI) or melphalan vs neither TBI nor melphalan) and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) (autologous vs allogeneic). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients rinse and gargle with supersaturated calcium phosphate rinse over 1 minute four* times daily (QID) beginning on the first day (about day -7) of the conditioning regimen.

ARM II: Patients rinse and gargle with placebo over 1 minute QID* beginning the first day (about day -7) of the conditioning regimen.

NOTE: * Patients who reach WHO grade 3 or 4 mucositis have the option to request a total of 6 rinses daily.

In both arms, treatment continues until day 20 post-transplantation OR until mucositis resolves to WHO grade =< 2 for two consecutive days OR on day 12 in patients who do not experience oral mucositis of at least WHO grade>= 1. Patients are assessed daily by trained healthcare professionals using the Oral Mucositis Daily Questionnaire (OMDQ), the Pain Rating Scale, the WHO Mucositis Scale, and the Children's International Mucositis Evaluation Scale (ChIMES) from day -1 and continuing until day 20. Patients are also observed for the incidence of total dose and duration of parenteral opioid analgesic use, duration of total parenteral nutrition (TPN) administration, febrile neutropenia, and invasive bacterial infections.

After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up for 30 days.


Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Remission Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission Childhood Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Childhood Myelodysplastic Syndromes Chronic Eosinophilic Leukemia Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukemia Chronic Neutrophilic Leukemia de Novo Myelodysplastic Syndromes Disseminated Neuroblastoma Juvenile Myelomonocytic Leukemia Mucositis Myelodysplastic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasm, Unclassifiable Previously Treated Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma Previously Treated Myelodysplastic Syndromes Recurrent Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Recurrent Childhood Acute Myeloid Leukemia Recurrent Childhood Large Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Lymphoblastic Lymphoma Recurrent Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma Recurrent Childhood Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma Recurrent Malignant Testicular Germ Cell Tumor Recurrent Wilms Tumor and Other Childhood Kidney Tumors Recurrent/Refractory Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma Relapsing Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia Secondary Acute Myeloid Leukemia Secondary Myelodysplastic Syndromes Unspecified Childhood Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific Calcium, Dietary


You can join if…

Open to people ages 4 years to 21 years

  • Patients undergoing myeloablative autologous or allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for any indication
  • One or more of the following donor stem cell sources (autologous or allogeneic):
  • Bone marrow
  • Placental blood (umbilical cord blood)
  • Cytokine-mobilized peripheral blood
  • Patients eligible for allogeneic HSCT must have one of the following types of donor stem cells:
  • Human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched sibling or parent
  • Partially matched family donor (mismatched for a single HLA locus [Class I])
  • Fully matched unrelated marrow or peripheral blood stem cell donor
  • HLA-matched or partially mismatched (at least 4 of 6 match) cord blood (Class I or II)
  • Patients expecting to receive any type of myeloablative HSCT conditioning regimen are eligible
  • No non-myeloablative or reduced-intensity conditioning regimens
  • Eligible patients must not have received palifermin within 30 days prior to enrollment
  • Eligible patients must not have received prior treatment with Caphosol

You CAN'T join if...

  • Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test; patients must agree to use an effective birth control method; lactating patients must agree not to nurse a child while on this trial


  • Children's Oncology Group
    Arcadia, California, 91006, USA
  • City of Hope
    Duarte, California, 91010, USA
  • Rady Children's Hospital - San Diego
    San Diego, California, 92123, USA


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Children's Oncology Group
Phase 3
Study Type
Last Updated
October 2016