a study on Prostate Cancer
RATIONALE: Androgens can cause the growth of prostate cancer cells. Androgen deprivation therapy may stop the adrenal glands from making androgens. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells.
PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial studies androgen-deprivation therapy and radiation therapy in treating patients with prostate cancer.
Androgen Deprivation Therapy and High Dose Radiotherapy With or Without Whole-Pelvic Radiotherapy in Unfavorable Intermediate or Favorable High Risk Prostate Cancer: A Phase III Randomized Trial
OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to moderate- to high-risk groups as listed in the Disease Characteristics of this abstract, type of radiotherapy boost (IMRT vs brachytherapy [Low-dose rate (LDR) using PPI or HDR]), and duration of androgen-deprivation therapy (short-term [6 months] vs long-term [32 months]). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
All patients receive neoadjuvant androgen-deprivation therapy comprising bicalutamide orally (PO) once daily or flutamide PO thrice daily for 6 months, and luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) agonist/antagonist therapy comprising leuprolide acetate, goserelin acetate, buserelin, triptorelin, or degarelix subcutaneously (SC) or intramuscularly (IM) every 1 to 3 months beginning 2 months prior to radiotherapy and continuing for 6 or 32 months.
Radiotherapy begins within 8 weeks after beginning LHRH agonist/antagonist injection.
NOTE: * Patients undergoing brachytherapy implant receive 5 weeks of IMRT, 3D-CRT, or WPRT.
Patients may undergo blood and urine sample collection for correlative studies. Primary tumor tissue samples may also be collected.
Patients may complete the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite (EPIC), the PROMIS-Fatigue Short Form, and the EuroQol (EQ-5D) quality-of-life (QOL) questionnaires at baseline and periodically during treatment. Patients who participate in the QOL portion of the study must also agree to periodic blood collection.
After completion of study therapy, patients are followed up every 3 months for 1 year, every 6 months for 3 years, and then yearly thereafter.
Prostate Cancer adenocarcinoma of the prostate stage I prostate cancer stage IIA prostate cancer stage IIB prostate cancer stage III prostate cancer Androgens
For males ages 18 years and up
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