a study on Heart Conditions
This is a randomized-controlled clinical trial that will randomize 120 patients undergoing clinically-indicated coronary artery bypass graft surgery to prasugrel at a dose of 10 mg daily or matching placebo for 12 months, starting at the time of hospital dismissal from surgery. The primary goal of the study is to determine whether prasugrel administration will prevent thrombus (clot) formation within a saphenous vein graft at 12 months, as examined by optical coherence tomography.
Aortocoronary saphenous vein graft failure is common and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Thrombus formation plays a critical role in early saphenous vein graft occlusion and may predispose to subsequent atherosclerosis formation. Optical coherence tomography is a novel, high-resolution, intravascular imaging technique that can reliably identify thrombus. Based on the findings of earlier VA Cooperative Studies, aspirin significantly reduces the incidence of early saphenous vein graft failure and is currently used in nearly all patients undergoing coronary bypass graft surgery. Administration of clopidogrel for improving early saphenous vein graft patency has provided conflicting results in small randomized studies. Prasugrel is a novel thienopyridine that provides more rapid, consistent, and intense platelet inhibition than clopidogrel. However, in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass graft surgery, it remains unknown whether prasugrel may decrease thrombus formation in saphenous vein grafts during the first postoperative year, and whether this will result in less saphenous vein graft wall thickening, less lipid deposition in the saphenous vein graft wall and fewer clinical events without increasing the risk for severe bleeding.
Hypothesis: The investigators hypothesize that in patients undergoing clinically-indicated coronary artery bypass graft surgery, administration of prasugrel starting at dismissal from the index coronary bypass graft surgery hospitalization will result in lower prevalence of thrombus formation in a target SVG, as assessed by optical coherence tomography performed 12 months post surgery compared to placebo, with similar incidence of major bleeding.
This is a phase III, single-center, double-blind trial that will randomize 120 patients undergoing clinically-indicated coronary artery bypass graft surgery to prasugrel at a dose of 10 mg daily or matching placebo for 12 months, starting at the time of hospital dismissal from surgery. All patients will receive aspirin. Coronary angiography, optical coherence tomography, intravascular ultrasonography, and near-infrared spectroscopy of one target saphenous vein graft will be performed at 12 months to determine whether compared to placebo, administration of prasugrel will result in:
Coronary Artery Bypass thrombosis prasugrel Prasugrel Hydrochloride
Open to people ages 18 years to 75 years
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