The goal of this project is to improve the treatment of veterans with co-occurring alcohol dependence and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The PI and co-investigators will conduct a controlled clinical trial of topiramate for the treatment of these co-occurring disorders.
Current (past month) DSM-IV diagnosis of an Alcohol Dependence
Level of drinking must meet criteria for "at-risk " or "heavy" drinking by NIAAA threshold (NIAAA 2007): at least 15 standard drinks per week on average over the 4 weeks prior to study entry for men and at least 8 standard drinks per week on average for women.
Subjects must express a desire to reduce alcohol consumption with the possible long-term goal of abstinence.
Female subjects must have a negative urine pregnancy test and must be either postmenopausal for at least one year, or practicing an effective method of birth control (e.g., surgically sterile, spermicide with barrier, male partner sterilization; or abstinent and agrees to continue abstinence or to use an acceptable method of contraception, as listed above, should sexual activity commence)
Subjects must have a Breath Alcohol Concentration (BAC) of < 0.02% when signing informed consent.
You CAN'T join if...
Psychotic disorders, bipolar disorder, dementia, or other psychiatric disorders judged to be unstable.
Subjects known to have clinically significant unstable medical conditions, including but not limited to:
Clinically significant renal disease and/or impaired renal function as defined by clinically significant elevation of blood urea nitrogen (BUN) or creatinine or an estimated creatinine clearance of < 60 mL/min
AST and/or ALT>5 times the upper limit of the normal range and/or an increased serum bilirubin>2 times the upper limit of normal.
History of glaucoma.
History of kidney stones.
Concurrent participation in another treatment study.
Female patients who are pregnant or lactating.
Current Topiramate use or use within the past 4 weeks.
Current medications for alcohol dependence (disulfiram, naltrexone, or acamprosate)or use in the past week.
Needing acute medical detoxification from alcohol based on a score of 12 or more on the Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment of Alcohol Scale (CIWA-AD);
Subjects who are legally mandated to participate in an alcohol treatment program.
Subjects who have had a suicide attempt in the past 6 months or suicidal ideation in the 90 days prior to enrollment.
Subjects who have previously been treated with topiramate for any reason and discontinued treatment due to an adverse event or due to a hypersensitivity reaction to topiramate,
Subjects with seizure disorders that require anticonvulsant medications
Subjects currently being treated with another anticonvulsant.
Subjects who in the opinion of the investigator should not be enrolled in the study because of the precautions, warnings or contraindications outlined in the topiramate package insert.
San Francisco VA Medical Centeraccepting new patients San Francisco, California, 94121, USA