a study on Uveitis
In the First-line Antimetabolites as Steroid-sparing Treatment (FAST) Uveitis Trial, the investigators propose to establish which immunosuppressive therapy, methotrexate or mycophenolate mofetil, is more effective as a first-line, corticosteroid-sparing agent for the treatment of non-infectious uveitis in a block-randomized, observer-masked, comparative effectiveness trial.
First-line Antimetabolites as Steroid-sparing Treatment (FAST) Uveitis Trial
This is a randomized comparative effectiveness trial to determine which treatment, methotrexate or mycophenolate mofetil, is more effective as first-line corticosteroid-sparing treatment for patients with non-infectious intermediate, posterior and panuveitis requiring corticosteroid-sparing therapy. The primary outcome is treatment success assessed at the 6 month visit (Phase 1, 0-6 months). If patients are a treatment success, they continue on the medication for another 6 months (Phase 1, 6-12 months). Patients who are a treatment failure can crossover to the other medication (Phase 2, 0-6 months).
Uveitis antimetabolite, noninfectious Mycophenolate mofetil Mycophenolic Acid Methotrexate Prednisone Antimetabolites
Open to people ages 16 years and up
All the following criteria must be met at enrollment:
Historical non-infectious intermediate, anterior and intermediate, posterior or panuveitis in at least one eye
Active inflammation within the last 180 days, defined by the presence of any of the following (in at least one eye) according to SUN criteria:
active retinal or choroidal lesions
Active inflammation at enrollment, defined by the presence of any of the following (in at least one eye) according to SUN criteria:
At least one of the following criteria must be met before or at enrollment:
Known chronic condition necessitating corticosteroid-sparing immunosuppressive treatment: Behcet's disease with posterior segment involvement, multifocal choroiditis with panuveitis, serpiginous choroidopathy, birdshot retinochoroidopathy,diffuse retinal vasculitis, Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada with bullous serous retinal detachments and/or choroidal detachments, sympathetic ophthalmia. No prior therapy required for these patients
Willingness to start corticosteroid treatment at 1mg/kg or 60mg a day of prednisone,whichever is less
Willingness to limit alcohol consumption
Willingness to use an acceptable method of contraception during the study period (i.e.pharmacologics, devices, barrier methods) or abstinence.
Any of the following
Any infectious cause of uveitis
Prior immunosuppressive therapy other than corticosteroids in the past 12 months
Prior intolerability or safety issues with methotrexate or mycophenolate mofetil
Prior failure to control ocular or other inflammation using methotrexate or mycophenolate mofetil
Prior biologic therapy at any time
Media opacity (such as cataract and/or corneal scar) and/or extensive posterior synechiae such that examination of the posterior segment is not possible in both eyes
Chronic hypotony (IOP < 5 mm Hg for> 3 months) in both eyes
Periocular or intravitreal corticosteroid injection in the past 4 weeks
Fluocinolone acetonide implant in either eye in < 3 years
Intraocular surgery in < 30 days, or planning on getting surgery within the next 6 months
Best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA) of hand motions or worse in better eye
< 16 years of age at enrollment
Planning to conceive during the study period, pregnant or breast-feeding (blood or urine pregnancy test for all females, excluding those who are post-menopausal is mandatory)*
Any history of cancer (If a patient has a history of non-melanoma skin cancer they can still be considered for inclusion in this study, provided it is not currently active).
Systemic autoimmune disease anticipated to dictate treatment course
Abnormal Complete blood count (≤ 2,500 white blood cells and/or ≤ 75,000 platelets and/or≤9 hemoglobin) within 4 weeks prior to enrollment*
Abnormal alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and/or aspartate aminotransferase (AST) ≥ 2 times the upper limit of normal for the lab and/or creatinine ≥ 1.5 within 4 weeks prior to enrollment*
Evidence of active tuberculosis, HIV infection, syphilis, or hepatitis B or C (patients must have a tuberculin skin test, or interferon-gamma release assay, a chest radiograph,RPR/VDRL, FTA-ABS, or other treponemal tests, Hepatitis B surface antigen, Hepatitis C antibody tests, and HIV test within 90 days prior to enrollment)**
Testing required within 4 weeks prior to enrollment; *Testing required within 90 days prior to enrollment.
We will not share your information with anyone other than the team in charge of this study. Submitting your contact information does not obligate you to participate in research.
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If you do not hear from the study team, please call 888-689-8273 and tell them you’re interested in study number NCT01829295.
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