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Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 40–80
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
Location
at San Francisco, California and other locations
Dates
study started
estimated completion:
Principal Investigator

Description

Summary

The purpose of SPIROMICS is to learn about chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is sometimes called emphysema or chronic bronchitis. Millions of Americans have COPD, and it is the fourth leading cause of death in the country. The most common cause of COPD is cigarette smoking, although not all smokers get COPD. The discovery of new treatments for COPD has been slowed by a poor understanding of different types of COPD and a lack of ways to measure whether or not COPD is getting worse. The study has two main goals. The first is to find groups of patients with COPD who share certain characteristics. Certain groups may respond differently to certain treatments. The second is to find new ways of measuring whether or not COPD is getting worse. This would provide new ways of testing whether a new treatment is working. SPIROMICS has three substudies and two ancillary studies. Substudies: 1. Repeatability Substudy: The entire baseline clinic visit will be repeated on 100 volunteers. The goal of this substudy is to determine reliability of measurement procedures. 2. Bronchoscopy Substudy: 300 participants will be enrolled for two additional study visits, including a bronchoscopy. The goal of this substudy is to collect and assess biological specimens and relate those results to clinical measurements. 3. Exacerbation Substudy: Up to 400 participants will be enrolled in this substudy. A daily symptom diary will be collected on all participants. Participants will also be seen in the clinic during a pulmonary exacerbation. The goals of this substudy are to 1) better understand the relationship between symptoms and exacerbations and 2) obtain clinical data and specimens during a pulmonary exacerbation. Ancillary Studies: 1. Air Pollution Ancillary Study: The SPIROMICS Air Pollution ancillary study uses state-of-the art air pollution exposure assessments to determine individual-level outdoor and indoor air pollution exposure. The goals of this substudy are to determine the effect of long-term air pollution exposure on COPD morbidity and to determine whether short-term changes in outdoor air pollution are associated with changes in COPD morbidity. 2. Parametric Response Mapping in COPD: The Parametric Response Mapping (PRM) in COPD ancillary study collects an additional CT scan during the final study visit and uses a new analysis technique (PRM) to assess the functional small airways of the lung and emphysema.

Official Title

Subpopulations and Intermediate Markers in COPD Study

Keywords

COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Chronic Bronchitis Emphysema

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 40–80

  • Between 40 and 80 at baseline visit
  • Never smokers: <1 pack-year history of smoking
  • Never smokers: Must meet lung function criteria based on spirometry without inhaled bronchodilators
  • Current or former smokers:>20 pack-year history of smoking
  • Current or former smokers: Must meet lung function criteria based on spirometry with inhaled bronchodilators

You CAN'T join if...

  • Dementia or other cognitive dysfunction which in the opinion of the investigator would prevent the participant from consenting to the study or completing study procedures
  • Plans to leave the area in the next 3 years
  • Smoking history of> 1 pack-year but <21 pack-years
  • BMI> 40 kg/m2 at baseline exam
  • Prior significant difficulties with pulmonary function testing
  • Hypersensitivity to or intolerance of albuterol sulfate or ipratropium bromide or propellants or excipients of the inhalers
  • Non-COPD obstructive lung disease, severe kyphoscoliosis, neuromuscular weakness, or other conditions, including clinically significant cardiovascular and pulmonary disease, that, limit the interpretability of the pulmonary function measures.
  • History of Interstitial lung disease
  • History of Lung volume reduction surgery or lung resection
  • History of lung or other organ transplant
  • History of endobronchial valve therapy
  • History of large thoracic metal implants (e.g., AICD and/or pacemaker)
  • Currently taking>=10mg a day/20mg every other day of prednisone or equivalent systemic corticosteroid
  • Currently taking any immunosuppressive agent
  • Current illicit substance abuse, excluding marijuana
  • History of or current use of IV Ritalin
  • History of or current use of heroin
  • History of illegal IV drug use within the last 10 years or more than 5 instances of illegal IV drug use ever
  • Known HIV/AIDS infection
  • History of lung cancer or any cancer that spread to multiple locations in the body
  • History of or current exposure to chemotherapy or radiation treatments that, in the opinion of the investigator, limits the interpretability of the pulmonary function measures.
  • Diagnosis of unstable cardiovascular disease including myocardial infarction in the past 6 weeks, uncontrolled congestive heart failure, or uncontrolled arrhythmia
  • Any illness expected to cause mortality in the next 3 years
  • Active pulmonary infection, including tuberculosis
  • History of pulmonary embolism in the past 2 years
  • Known diagnosis of primary bronchiectasis
  • Currently institutionalized (e.g., prisons, long-term care facilities)
  • Known to be a first degree relative of another, already enrolled participant (i.e.,biological parent, biological sibling)
  • Never smokers only: Current diagnosis of asthma
  • Women only: Cannot be pregnant at baseline or plan to become pregnant during the course of the study

Locations

  • University of California at Los Angeles
    Los Angeles, California, 90095, United States

Details

Status
in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Links
Study Website
ID
NCT01969344
Lead Scientist
Prescott Woodruff
Study Type
Observational
Last Updated
January 1, 2017