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Summary

for people ages 30–60 (full criteria)
at Oakland, California
study started
estimated completion:

Description

Summary

Obesity usually brings with it disturbances in the body that increase the chances of developing serious diseases like diabetes and cancer. These disturbances include one or more symptoms of a condition called "metabolic syndrome" that often leads to diabetes. High levels of damage to the DNA that makes up our chromosomes have also been observed in obese people. It is possible that these two disturbances are connected. The goal of this project is to test this whether consumption of blueberries will improve these abnormalities.

Official Title

Highbush Blueberries, the DNA-damage of Obesity, Somatic Mutations and Metabolic Syndrome

Details

Unbalanced diets rich in refined carbohydrate calories, saturated fats, and trans fats, but low in vitamins, minerals, fiber, polyphenolics and ω-3 fatty acids are common in the United States, particularly among the obese. Insulin resistance and high levels of DNA damage commonly accompany obesity. There also appears to be a relationship between oxidative DNA-damage and biomarkers that characterize metabolic syndrome. The bioactivity of blueberries is usually attributed to their high content of polyphenolics which can reduce oxidative DNA damage. Since oxidative damage to mitochondrial DNA is a suggested causal factor leading to increased insulin resistance, we will test if blueberry consumption can be an ameliorative dietary factor for insulin resistance as well. If blueberry consumption both shifts metabolism away from insulin resistance and reduces DNA damage, it may be a useful tool to assist in understanding relationships between these two obesity-associated conditions.

Keywords

Metabolic Syndrome Insulin Resistance DNA Damage insulin diabetes obesity Syndrome Metabolic Syndrome X

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 30–60

  1. Age 30-60 years;
  2. BMI > 30;
  3. Blood pressure <140/90 mmHg without antihypertensive medicines or with a stable dose of antihypertensive medicines (no change in last 3 months).;
  4. Insulin resistance (HOMA/IR) > 2.0;
  5. Willing to restrict intake of high polyphenol-containing foods during the trial period;
  6. Willing to forego intake of nutritional supplements other than a multivitamin;
  7. Willing to maintain their current daily level of exercise throughout the study.

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Known diabetes mellitus according to the 2013 ADA criteria;
  2. Medications known to affect glucose metabolism;
  3. Weight loss pharmacotherapy;
  4. Lipid-lowering medication;
  5. Untreated thyroid or chronic liver, renal, or cardiovascular disease;
  6. Smoking;
  7. Pregnancy- a negative urine pregnancy test will be documented for any women participants of childbearing age prior to enrollment.
  8. History of allergic reactions to blueberries.
  9. Any pathological condition known to alter white blood cell count over the previous 6 months;
  10. . Exposure to drugs known to cause mutations or radiation within the previous 6 months;
  11. . Alcohol consumption greater than 2 drinks/d for males and 1 drink/d for females.

Location

  • Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
    Oakland, California, 94609, United States

Details

Status
accepting new patients by invitation only
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
Children's Hospital & Research Center Oakland
ID
NCT02075307
Lead Scientists
Bruce Ames
Ashutosh Lal
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated
February 14, 2017