Intermittent Selumetinib for Uveal Melanoma
The purpose of this study is to find out what effects, good and/or bad, intermittent dosing of the drug Selumetinib will have on subjects with uveal melanoma. Selumetinib is a drug that blocks (or turns off) methyl ethyl ketone (MEK), a protein activated in some uveal melanoma cells. Selumetinib is a MEK inhibitor. Blocking MEK may stop the cancer from growing.
Multi-Center Phase Ib Study of Intermittent Dosing of the MEK Inhibitor, Selumetinib, in Patients With Advanced Uveal Melanoma Not Previously Treated With a MEK Inhibitor
Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common primary intraocular malignancy in adults, and arises from melanocytes within the choroid plexus of the eye. The development of metastasis is common and occurs in approximately 50% of patients with posterior UM within 15 years of initial diagnosis and treatment. As no effective systemic therapy has yet been identified for this disease, outcomes for metastatic UM are poor with a median survival of 12 months.
There is no FDA approved therapy for patients with advanced UM. Studies have shown that inhibition of the MAPK pathway with the MEK inhibitor selumetinib (hyd-sulfate AZD6244) is an effective therapy for uveal melanoma but despite this treatment, cures are not achieved. Although drugs such as selumetinib have been studied when patients take the treatment every day, research has shown that in some cases, it may be better to use the treatment on an intermittent schedule. Such a strategy may reduce the side effects, allow higher doses of the drug to be used, more completely block the MAPK pathway, and prevent the development of drug resistance mechanisms within the tumor.
Uveal Melanoma MEK inhibitor Selumetinib hyd-sulfate AZD6244 Melanoma
You can join if…
Open to people ages 18 years and up
- Histopathologically confirmed diagnosis of metastatic or unresectable uveal melanoma.Note - Documentation of mutation status for uveal melanoma will not be required prospectively given the high rate of GNAQ/11 mutations (>90%) in this population
- Able to provide informed consent prior to initiation of study
- Age ≥ 18 years old
- Measurable indicator lesion by RECIST v1.1
- Patients must have measurable disease, defined as at least one lesion that can be accurately measured in at least one dimension (longest diameter to be recorded for non-nodal lesions and short axis for nodal lesions) as ≥20 mm with conventional techniques or as ≥10 mm with spiral CT scan, MRI, or calipers by clinical exam. See Section 13.3 for more information regarding evaluation of measurable disease.
- Karnofsky Performance Status ≥ 60% or Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) ≤2
- Ability to take oral medications
- All clinically significant toxicities from prior therapy must be ≤ grade 1 (with the exception of alopecia)
- Organ and marrow function and laboratory values as follows:
- Adequate marrow function
- absolute neutrophil count (ANC) >1500 cells/mm3
- platelet count >100,000/mm3
- hemoglobin >9.0g/dL
- Adequate hepatic function
- Angiotensin Sensitivity Test/alternative (AST/ALT)<2.5x upper limit of normal if no documented liver disease or <5x upper limit of normal if documented liver disease
- Total bilirubin <1.5X upper limit of normal unless known diagnosis of Gilbert's disease
- Alkaline phosphatase <2.5x upper limit of normal if no documented liver disease or <6x upper limit of normal if documented liver or bone disease
- Creatinine clearance ≥60 mL/min/1.73 m2 for patients with creatinine levels above institutional normal.
- Negative pregnancy test (serum or urine) for women of child bearing potential
- The effects of selumetinib on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason,women of child-bearing potential and men must agree to use adequate contraception(hormonal or barrier method of birth control; abstinence) prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation and 4 weeks after study discontinuation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she or her partner is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately. Men treated or enrolled on this protocol must also agree to use adequate contraception prior to the study, for the duration of study participation, and 3 months after completion of selumetinib administration.
You CAN'T join if...
- Patients who have had chemotherapy or immunotherapy within 4 weeks or radiation therapy within 2 weeks prior to entering the study or those who have not recovered from adverse events due to agents administered more than 4 weeks earlier.
- Patients who are receiving any other investigational agents concurrently. Palliative radiation therapy will be allowed as long as the patient meets all other eligibility criteria.
- Have had recent major surgery within a minimum 4 weeks prior to starting study treatment, with the exception of surgical placement for vascular access.
- History of allergic reactions attributed to compounds of similar chemical or biologic composition to selumetinib
- Every effort must be made to avoid the use of a concomitant medication that can prolong the corrected QT (QTc) interval while receiving selumetinib (hyd-sulfate AZD6244). If the patient cannot discontinue medications that prolong QTc interval while receiving selumetinib, close cardiac monitoring should be performed.
- Patients with QTc interval >450 msecs or other factors that increase the risk of QTc prolongation or arrhythmic events (ex. Heart failure, hypokalemia, family history of long QT syndrome) including heart failure that meets New York Heart Association (NYHA)class III and IV definitions (see Appendix A) are excluded.
- Prior or current cardiomyopathy including but not limited to the following: known hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, known arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy,previous moderate or severe impairment of left ventricular systolic function (LVEF<45% on echocardiography or equivalent on MuGA) even if full recovery has occurred.
- Atrial fibrillation with a ventricular rate >100 bpm on ECG at rest
- Baseline Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) below the LLN or <55% measured by echocardiography or institution's LLN for MUGA
- Severe valvular heart disease
- Uncontrolled Angina - Canadian Cardiovascular Society grade II-IV despite medical therapy
- Acute coronary syndrome within 6 months prior to starting treatment
- Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, ongoing or active infection, symptomatic congestive heart failure, unstable angina pectoris, cardiac arrhythmia, or psychiatric illness/social situations that would limit compliance with study requirements.
- Pregnant women are excluded from this study because selumetinib may be teratogenic or have abortifacient effects. Because there is an unknown but potential risk for adverse events in nursing infants secondary to treatment of the mother with selumetinib,breastfeeding should be discontinued if the mother is treated with selumetinib.
- HIV positive patients on combination antiretroviral therapy are ineligible because of the potential for pharmacokinetic interactions with selumetinib.
- Prior treatment with a MEK, Ras or Raf inhibitor
- History of current evidence/risk of retinal vein occlusion (RVO) or retinal pigment epithelial detachment (RPED) in the eye unaffected by uveal melanoma; intraocular pressure (IOP) >21mmgHG or uncontrolled glaucoma
- History of interstitial lung disease or pneumonitis
- Patients with known Hepatitis B or C
- Refractory nausea and vomiting, active gastrointestinal disease (e.g. inflammatory bowel disease), or significant bowel resection that would preclude adequate absorption
- Patients taking vitamin E supplements while on study
- Have known or suspected brain metastases or spinal cord compression, unless the condition has been asymptomatic, has been treated with surgery and / or radiation, and has been stable for at least 4 weeks prior to the first dose of study medication
- Any unresolved toxicity ≥ CTCAE Grade 2 from previous anti-cancer therapy, except for alopecia
- Have evidence of any other significant clinical disorder or laboratory finding that,as judged by the investigator, makes it undesirable for the patient to participate in the study.
- Patients being actively treated for a secondary malignancy
- University of California San Francisco not yet accepting patients
San Francisco, California, 94115, United States
- MD Anderson Cancer Center not yet accepting patients
Houston, Texas, 77030, United States
- Columbia University Medical Center accepting new patients
New York, New York, 10032, United States
- Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center not yet accepting patients
New York, New York, 10065, United States
- accepting new patients
- Start Date
- Completion Date
- Richard D. Carvajal
- Phase 1
- Study Type
- Last Updated
- December 1, 2016
Please contact me about this study
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If you do not hear from the study team, please call 888-689-8273 and tell them you’re interested in study number NCT02768766.