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Summary

for females ages 18–89 (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California
study started
estimated completion:
Pamela N Munster

Description

Summary

A 2 arm, 90 patient (45 per cohort) trial in patients with breast cancer who will be undergoing mastectomy with immediate tissue-expander reconstruction to determine whether treatment with zafirlukast (20mg PO BID) can reduce or prevent the development of capsular contracture.

Details

A 2 arm, 90 patient (45 per cohort) trial in patients with breast cancer who will be undergoing mastectomy with immediate tissue-expander reconstruction to determine whether treatment with zafirlukast (20mg PO BID) can reduce or prevent the development of capsular contracture.

Patients will be block randomized 1:1 into two cohorts: treatment with zafirlukast and the standard of care, or standard of care alone. Patients will begin treatment with zafirlukast on post-operative day one following placement of tissue expander(s) once determined safe from a surgical recovery standpoint. They will be continued on the standard dosing (20mg PO twice per day) of zafirlukast through expander fill (6-12 weeks, up to 18 weeks for women receiving radiation). Treatment will be stopped 48 hours prior to expander-implant exchange, which is equivalent to 5 half-lives of the drug. Patients will be seen every 1-2 weeks for expander fill, and will be assessed clinically based on the Baker classification system of capsular contracture at every appointment. The day of surgery for their expander-implant exchange, their Baker classification will also be noted.

During expander-implant exchange, three representative sections of the expander capsule will be collected: medial, lateral and anterior capsule specimens. These specimens will be bisected; half will be sent to pathology and half will be collected by the Munster lab. Gross and microscopic determination of capsule thickness will be performed by the pathology department. The Munster lab will fix and stain the tissues to look for the presence of collagen, level of fibrosis and number of myofibroblasts. Fibrosis level and collagen presence will be determined by performing immunohistochemistry with a Trichrome stain of the tissues, as well as Western blot analysis with Collagen-1. Myofibroblasts will be detected using immunohistochemistry with commercially available antibodies.

Keywords

Breast Cancer Mastectomy Zafirlukast Leukotriene Antagonists

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to females ages 18–89

  1. Patients must have histologically confirmed breast malignancy or are undergoing prophylactic mastectomy
  2. Age ≥ 18 years
  3. Scheduled to undergo mastectomy with the immediate placement of tissue expanders
  4. Zafirlukast is pregnancy category B. There are no adequate and well-controlled trials in pregnant women. Therefore, the effects of zafirlukast on the developing human fetus are unknown. For this reason, women of child-bearing potential must agree to use adequate contraception: hormonal or barrier method of birth control, prior to study entry and for the duration of study participation. Should a woman become pregnant or suspect she is pregnant while she is participating in this study, she should inform her treating physician immediately.
  5. Ability to understand a written informed consent document, and the willingness to sign it
  6. At least 4 weeks post-completion of chemotherapy
  7. Adequate organ function within 14 days start of study start:
  8. Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 X 109/L
  9. Hemoglobin (Hgb) ≥9g/dL
  10. Platelets (plt) ≥ 100 x 109/L
  11. Potassium within normal range, or correctable with supplements;
  12. AST and ALT ≤2.5 x Upper Limit Normal (ULN) or ≤5.0 x ULN if liver tumor is present;
  13. Serum total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN
  14. Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN, or 24-hr clearance ≥ 60ml/min

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Any significant medical condition, laboratory abnormalities, which places the subject at unacceptable risk if he/she were to participate in the study
  2. Currently on a leukotriene inhibitor or used within the past 6 months
  3. Prior chest wall radiation
  4. Pregnant or breastfeeding
  5. Hepatic impairment as defined by:

• AST(SGOT) > 2.5X institutional ULN and ALT(SGPT) > 2.5X institutional ULN

  1. Has known psychiatric or substance abuse disorders that would interfere with cooperation with the requirements of the trial.

Location

Details

Status
accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, San Francisco
ID
NCT02950480
Phase
Phase 2
Lead Scientist
Pamela N Munster
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated
July 1, 2017
I’m interested in this study!