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Eligibility
for people ages 18 years and up
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
Dates
study started
estimated completion:

Description

Summary

Depressive symptoms and disorders are among the most common adult health conditions with a lifetime prevalence of 15-20% and are a leading cause of disability /morbidity worldwide. Although evidence-based approaches such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), antidepressant medications, and depression collaborative care and quality improvement (QI) programs integrating depression care into primary health care can improve depression outcomes and disparities, racial / ethnic disparities continue to persist. Concurrently, according to a 2011 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report, little information exists on how to address the high rates of depression among sexual and gender minorities. Our study randomizes depressed, LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgendered, queer), racial / ethnic minority adults to an evidence-based agency-level, depression quality improvement (QI) training [Resources for Services (RS)] and technical support alone or to a resiliency class (RC+), a 7-session resiliency, cognitive behavioral therapy class to enhance mood + automated mobile text reminders about basic reminders and care follow-up impact on improving adult patients' depressive symptoms. Depression QI (RS) training will be offered to three clusters of four to five LGBTQ-focused programs: two clusters in LA (Hollywood and South LA) and one cluster in NO. Clusters are comprised of one primary care, one mental health, and two to three community agencies (e.g., faith-based, social services/support, advocacy). All programs will receive depression QI training. Enrolled adult depressed patients (n=320) will be randomized individually to RC+ or RS (depression QI) alone to assess effects on primary outcomes: depressive symptoms [8-item patient health questionnaire (PHQ-8) score and secondary outcomes: mental health quality of life [12-item mental composite score (MCS-12) ≤ 40], Resilience (Brief Resilience Scale), mental wellness, and physical health quality of life [12-item physical composite (PCS-12)score] at 6- and 12-month follow-up.

Details

Depressive symptoms and disorders are among the most common adult health conditions and are a leading cause of disability /morbidity worldwide. Although evidence-based approaches such as cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT), antidepressant medications, and depression collaborative care and quality improvement (QI) programs integrating depression care into primary health care can improve depression outcomes and disparities, racial / ethnic disparities continue to persist. Concurrently, according to a 2011 Institute of Medicine (IOM) report notes little information exists on how to address the high rates of depression among sexual and gender minorities, largely composed of lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGBTQ) individuals. Limited comparative effectiveness data exists to know what treatments and services options improve health disparities due to patient characteristics such as race / ethnicity, and sexual orientation.

"Resilience Against Depression Disparities (RADD)" randomizes enrolled depressed, LGBTQ, racial / ethnic minority adults (n=320) to an agency-level, evidence-based depression quality improvement (QI) intervention [Resources for Services (RS)] training and technical support and then randomizes individuals to Resources for Services alone or to Resiliency Class+, a 7-session resiliency, depression cognitive behavioral therapy class + automated mobile text reminders about basic reminders and care follow-up impact on improving adult patients' depressive symptoms over 6- and 12-months. RS training will be offered to three clusters of four to five LGBTQ-focused programs: two clusters in LA (Hollywood and South LA) and one cluster in NO. Clusters are comprised of one primary care, one mental health, and two to three community agencies (e.g., faith-based, social services/support, advocacy). All programs will receive RS (depression QI training). All enrolled adult depressed patients will be within programs participating in RS (depression QI) trainings. Half of enrolled participants will be randomized to the Resilience Class +.

Keywords

Depressive Symptoms Depression Resilience Minority health Community-based participatory research Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and intersex (LGBTI) health Racial / ethnic health disparities Patient-centered outcomes research Comparative-effectiveness research

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  1. Age 18 or older
  2. moderately to severely depressed (PHQ-8≥10)
  3. Able to be contacted by phone (voice or text message), e-mail, or Facebook.
  4. English or Spanish speaker

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Under age 18 years
  2. Not moderately to severely depressed (PHQ-8≤10)
  3. Does not currently have a phone, an email address, or a Facebook profile

Details

Status
not yet accepting patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
Bowen Chung, MD, MSHS
Links
Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute Project Summary
ID
NCT02986126
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated
December 2016
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