Pharmacokinetics clinical trials at UCSF
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This study is an open-label, single dose study evaluating the effect of moderate hepatic impairment in the pharmacokinetics of MDMA and its active metabolite, 3,4-methylene-dioxyamphetamine (MDA) in order to decide whether an adjustment to the dosage would be need for individuals with moderate hepatic function in comparison to individuals with normal liver function. Eight participants with moderate hepatic impairment and eight matched participants with normal hepatic function will take part in this study. All patients will be evaluated to see if they meet criteria for study participation, with screening including a physical examination including a 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) and questions about mental and physical health. Participants who meet study criteria will stay at the study site for three days. On Day 1, they will receive a single dose of 80 mg MDMA. For the next seven to eight hours, participants will have blood collected and will rate their mood and other experiences. They will stay at the study sight for two more days. Blood will be drawn twice on the second day and once on the third day, and they will have their heart function measured with ECG. Blood will be collected periodically during a 12-hour interval on the day of drug administration. Blood will also be drawn 24, 36, 48, 72 and 96 hours after MDMA administration. Participant mood and feelings or experiences on-drug (subjective effects) will be measured a half-hour, one, two, four, six, and seven hours after receiving MDMA. ECG will be performed every day at the same time upon enrollment (Day -4 or -3) and from the Day 1 (day of drug administration) to Day 5. Blood pressure, heart rate and body temperature on Day 1 through 5. Blood samples will be used to compute the peak or maximum amount of MDMA and MDA in blood (Cmax), the time until reaching peak MDMA or MDA (Tmax) and the area under curve (AUC), or actual degree of exposure to drug. The primary outcome measure will be AUC for MDMA. Finding out if there are differences in drug metabolism between people with normally functioning livers and people whose livers do not function normally will help researchers performing MDMA-assisted psychotherapy.
San Francisco, California