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for people ages 60–74 (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started



This phase II trial studies how well fludarabine and busulfan followed by a donor (allogeneic) stem cell transplant work in treating older patients with acute myeloid leukemia that is in first complete remission. Giving low doses of chemotherapy, such as fludarabine and busulfan, before a donor peripheral blood stem cell transplant helps stop the growth of cells in the bone marrow, including normal blood-forming cells (stem cells) and cancer cells. It may also stops the patient's immune system from rejecting the donor's stem cells. When the healthy stem cells from a donor are infused into the patient they may help the patient's bone marrow make stem cells, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. The donated stem cells may replace the patient's immune system and help destroy any remaining cancer cells. Sometimes the transplanted cells from a donor can make an immune response against the body's normal cells (called graft-versus-host disease). Giving tacrolimus, methotrexate, and rabbit antithymocyte globulin before or after the transplant may stop this from happening.

Official Title

A Phase II Study Of Allogeneic Transplant For Older Patients With AML In First Morphologic Complete Remission Using A Non-Myeloablative Preparative Regimen



  1. Determine if allogeneic transplantation from a matched sibling or unrelated donor using a non-myeloablative preparative regimen results in a 2-year disease-free survival (DFS) that is better than historical results using standard chemotherapy.


  1. Determine 2-year actuarial risks of transplant-related mortality, acute and chronic graft-versus-host (GVHD) disease and relapse among patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first complete remission (CR1) following a non-myeloablative preparative regimen.

II. To examine recovery of T and B cell number and function following non-myeloablative stem cell transplant.

III. To examine the time course of T, B and myeloid progenitor chimerism following this preparative regimen.

IV. To characterize the pharmacokinetics of intravenous busulfan used in a non-myeloablative preparation regimen in AML patients age >= 60 years.


PREPARATIVE REGIMEN: Patients receive fludarabine intravenously (IV) over 30 minutes on days -7 to -3 and busulfan IV over 2 hours 4 times per day (every 6 hours) on days -4 and -3.

GRAFT-VERSUS-HOST DISEASE (GVHD) PROPHYLAXIS: Patients receive tacrolimus orally (PO) or IV twice daily (BID) on days -2 with taper between days 90-120, and stopping by days 150-180. Patients also receive methotrexate IV on days 1, 3, 6, and 11 and rabbit antithymocyte globulin IV over 4-6 hours on days -4 through -2.

ALLOGENEIC PERIPHERAL BLOOD STEM CELL TRASNPLANTATION (PBSC): Patients undergo allogeneic PBSC transplant on day 0. Patients then receive filgrastim subcutaneously (SC) daily beginning on day 12 and continuing until blood counts recover.

Patients are followed monthly for 1 year, every 3 months for 1 year, and then every 6 months for 3 years.


Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia in Remission Acute Myeloid Leukemia Arising From Previous Myelodysplastic Syndrome secondary acute myeloid leukemia adult acute monocytic leukemia (M5b) adult acute erythroid leukemia (M6) adult acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (M7) adult acute minimally differentiated myeloid leukemia (M0) adult acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (M2) adult acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1) adult acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4) adult acute monoblastic leukemia (M5a) adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22) adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;16)(p13;q22) adult acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13;q22) adult acute myeloid leukemia with 11q23 (MLL) abnormalities Leukemia Leukemia, Myeloid Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute Myelodysplastic Syndromes Preleukemia Methotrexate Fludarabine phosphate Tacrolimus Busulfan Antilymphocyte Serum Vidarabine Fludarabine Lenograstim


For people ages 60–74

Eligibility Criteria:

  • Patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) (excluding French-American-British [FAB]classification system M3) who have achieved a first morphologic complete remission and who meet the criteria below; patients with preceding myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or treatment-related AML are eligible; patients with prior central nervous system (CNS)involvement are eligible as long as disease is in remission at transplant; patients with acute leukemia following blast transformation of prior chronic myeloid leukemia(CML) or other myeloproliferative disease are excluded
  • Complete remission (CR) will be defined according to the revised recommendations of the International Working Group (24) as all of the following:
  • Normal bone marrow morphology with < 5% blasts
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) > 1,000/uL, referring to the count needed to confirm that the patient achieved a CR
  • Platelet count > 100,000/uL
  • No extramedullary leukemia
  • No blasts in peripheral blood
  • CR was achieved after one or two (but no more than two) cycles of induction chemotherapy with standard cytotoxic chemotherapy (e.g., cytarabine and an anthracycline) or after no more than four cycles of a hypomethylating agent containing regimen including either 5-azacytidine or decitabine
  • Patients may have received as many as but no more than two cycles of consolidation therapy prior to transplant; any consolidation regimen that does not require transplant can be used; no more than 6 months can elapse from documentation of morphologic CR to transplant; the platelet count does not need to be > 100,000/uL after consolidation, as long as the bone marrow assessment prior to transplant does not show relapse
  • Identification of hematopoietic cell donor
  • >= 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery
  • Performance status 0-2
  • Diffusion capacity of carbon monoxide (DLCO) > 40% with no symptomatic pulmonary disease
  • Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) by multi gated acquisition scan (MUGA) or echocardiogram (ECHO) >= 30%
  • No uncontrolled diabetes mellitus or active serious infection requiring antibiotics
  • No known hypersensitivity to E. coli-derived products
  • No human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection
  • Calculated creatinine clearance >= 40 cc/min
  • Bilirubin < 2 mg/dL
  • If bilirubin is 2-3 mg/dL, but direct bilirubin is normal then patient will be considered eligible
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) < 3 x upper limit of normal
  • DONOR: HLA-identical sibling (6/6); the donor must be determined to be an human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-identical sibling (6/6) by serologic typing for class (A, B)and low resolution molecular typing for class II (DRB1)
  • DONOR: Matched unrelated donor (10/10); high resolution molecular typing at the following loci is required: HLA-A, -B, -C, -DRB1, and -DQB1
  • DONOR: the donor must be healthy and must be an acceptable donor as per institutional standards for stem cell donation
  • DONOR: the donor must have no significant cardiopulmonary, renal, endocrine, or hepatic disease
  • DONOR: there is no donor age restriction if the donor is a matched sibling
  • DONOR: syngeneic donors are not eligible


  • UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
    San Francisco, California, 94115, United States
  • Masonic Cancer Center at University of Minnesota
    Minneapolis, Minnesota, 55455, United States
  • Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital - Saint Louis
    Saint Louis, Missouri, 63110, United States
  • Arthur G. James Cancer Hospital and Richard J. Solove Research Institute at Ohio State University Comprehensive Cancer Center
    Columbus, Ohio, 43210-1240, United States
  • Wake Forest University Comprehensive Cancer Center
    Winston-Salem, North Carolina, 27157-1096, United States
  • Roswell Park Cancer Institute
    Buffalo, New York, 14263-0001, United States
  • Greenebaum Cancer Center at University of Maryland Medical Center
    Baltimore, Maryland, 21201, United States
  • Union Hospital of Cecil County
    Elkton MD, Maryland, 21921, United States
  • CCOP - Christiana Care Health Services
    Newark, Delaware, 19713, United States
  • Cancer Institute of New Jersey at Cooper - Voorhees
    Voorhees, New Jersey, 08043, United States
  • Tunnell Cancer Center at Beebe Medical Center
    Lewes, Delaware, 19958, United States
  • New York Weill Cornell Cancer Center at Cornell University
    New York, New York, 10021, United States
  • Mount Sinai Medical Center
    New York, New York, 10029, United States
  • Monter Cancer Center of the North Shore-LIJ Health System
    Lake Success, New York, 11042, United States
  • CCOP - North Shore University Hospital
    Manhasset, New York, 11030, United States
  • Don Monti Comprehensive Cancer Center at North Shore University Hospital
    Manhasset, New York, 11030, United States
  • Long Island Jewish Medical Center
    New Hyde Park, New York, 11040, United States
  • Dana-Farber/Brigham and Women's Cancer Center
    Boston, Massachusetts, 02115, United States
  • Dana-Farber/Harvard Cancer Center at Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
    Boston, Massachusetts, 02115, United States
  • Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
    Boston, Massachusetts, 02215, United States
  • Massachusetts General Hospital
    Boston, Massachusetts, 02114, United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Alliance for Clinical Trials in Oncology
Phase 2
Study Type
Last Updated
March 2017