for people ages up to 49 years (full criteria)
at Oakland, California and other locations
study started



This phase III trial is studying how well combination chemotherapy and radiation therapy work in treating patients with newly diagnosed low-risk rhabdomyosarcoma. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vincristine, dactinomycin, and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which treatment regimen is more effective in treating low-risk rhabdomyosarcoma.

Official Title

Vincristine, Dactinomycin, and Lower Doses of Cyclophosphamide With or Without Radiation Therapy for Patients With Newly Diagnosed Low-Risk Embryonal/Botryoid/Spindle Cell Rhabdomyosarcoma


PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the failure-free survival of patients with newly diagnosed low-risk rhabdomyosarcoma treated with vincristine (V), dactinomycin (A), cyclophosphamide (C), and radiotherapy. SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. Determine local control rates in patients treated with this regimen. II. Determine the rate of second-look surgery in patients with bulk residual tumor at diagnosis (clinical group III) and the proportion of second-look surgeries that render patients treated with this regimen tumor-free or with microscopic tumor only and evaluate the pathologic significance of that residual tumor. III. Determine the local control rates in patients with clinical group III disease treated with response-adjusted radiotherapy doses after second-look surgical resection. OUTLINE: This is a nonrandomized, multicenter study. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 treatment regimens according to disease stage and clinical group. REGIMEN I (subset 1 patients) [closed to accrual as of 08/13/2010: Patients receive VAC chemotherapy comprising vincristine IV over 1 minute on day 1 of weeks 1-9 and dactinomycin IV over 1 minute and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day 1 of weeks 1, 4, 7, and 10; VA chemotherapy comprising vincristine IV over 1 minute on day 1 of weeks 13-21 and dactinomycin IV over 1 minute on day 1 of weeks 13, 16, 19, and 22; and radiotherapy, 5 days a week, beginning on week 13 and continuing for 4-7 weeks, depending on prescribed dose. REGIMEN II (subset 2 patients)[closed to accrual as of 9/23/2011]: Patients receive VAC chemotherapy and radiotherapy as in regimen I and VA chemotherapy comprising vincristine IV over 1 minute on day 1 of weeks 13-21, 25-33, and 37-45 and dactinomycin IV over 1 minute on day 1 of weeks 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 28, 31, 34, 37, 40, 43, and 46. Patients with clinical group III disease may undergo second-look surgery at week 13 followed by response-adjusted radiotherapy, and continued VA chemotherapy. In both regimens, treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. NOTE: For both regimens, dactinomycin is omitted during radiotherapy. NOTE: **Clinical Group I tumors and those with Clinical Group III uterine/cervix primary disease with negative nodes who have undergone a complete resection (i.e. hysterectomy) at Week 13 do not receive radiotherapy at Week 13 Patients are followed up every 3 months for 1 year, every 4 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 1 year, and then annually thereafter.


Adult Rhabdomyosarcoma Embryonal Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma Embryonal-botryoid Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma Previously Untreated Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma Rhabdomyosarcoma Rhabdomyosarcoma, Embryonal Dactinomycin Cactinomycin Cyclophosphamide Vincristine vincristine sulfate radiation therapy


For people ages up to 49 years

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed newly diagnosed embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), botryoid or spindle cell variants of embryonal RMS, or embryonal ectomesenchymoma, meeting criteria for 1 of the following subsets:
  • Subset 1, defined by meeting 1 of the following criteria (closed to accrual as of 08/13/2010):
  • Stage 1 and clinical group I (completely resected) or II (microscopic residual disease and/or regional lymph node involvement) disease
  • Stage 1 and clinical group III (gross residual disease) disease arising in the orbit
  • Stage 2 and clinical group I or II disease
  • Subset 2, defined by meeting 1 of the following criteria (closed to accrual as of 09/23/2011):
  • Stage 1 and clinical group III disease arising in a non-orbit site
  • Stage 3 and clinical group I or II disease
  • Prior staging ipsilateral retroperitoneal lymph node dissection required for all patients age 10 and over with paratesticular tumors and patients under 10 years of age with clinically or radiographically involved lymph nodes (except when extensive lymph node involvement is identified by imaging studies)
  • If there is extensive gross node involvement only confirmatory node biopsy is recommended and the patient is classified as Clinical Group III
  • Prior regional lymph node sampling required for patients with extremity tumors
  • None of the following diagnoses:
  • Intermediate-risk embryonal RMS
  • Metastatic embryonal RMS
  • Alveolar RMS
  • Undifferentiated sarcoma
  • RMS not otherwise specified (NOS)
  • Other soft tissue sarcoma, including sarcoma NOS
  • Prior enrollment on clinical trial COG-D9902
  • Performance status - ECOG 0-2
  • Performance status - Karnofsky 50-100% (≥ 16 years old)
  • Performance status - Lansky 50-100% (< 16 years old)
  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 750/mm3

  • Platelet count at least 75,000/mm3 (transfusion independent)

  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)*
  • Creatinine* based on age/gender as follows:
  • No greater than 0.8 mg/dL for patients age 5 and under
  • No greater than 1.0 mg/dL for patients age 6 to 9
  • No greater than 1.2 mg/dL for patients age 10 to 12
  • No greater than 1.4 mg/dL for female patients age 13 and over
  • No greater than 1.5 mg/dL for male patients age 13 to 15
  • No greater than 1.7 mg/dL for male patients age 16 and over
  • Creatinine clearance* or radioisotope glomerular filtration rate at least 70 mL/min/1.73 m2

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No uncontrolled infection
  • No prior chemotherapy (except for patients treated on the related intermediate-risk study)
  • Prior steroids allowed
  • No prior radiotherapy


  • Children's Hospital and Research Center at Oakland
    Oakland California 94609-1809 United States
  • University of California San Francisco Medical Center-Parnassus
    San Francisco California 94143 United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Children's Oncology Group
Phase 3
Study Type
Last Updated