for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at Fresno, California and other locations
study started
estimated completion



The purpose of this study is to assess the short and long-term outcomes after CyberKnife stereotactic radiosurgery for early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients who are medically inoperable.

Official Title

A Prospective Evaluation of Outcomes of Radiosurgical Treatment of Early Stage Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)


The objectives of this clinical evaluation are to assess the outcomes of patients who undergo stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) to treat primary early stage non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in patients (comprising of two cohorts, peripheral and central) who are not candidates for surgical resection because of high operative risks. In particular, the effect of CyberKnife SRS on clinical response rate, local control, progression-free survival, overall survival, dyspnea and QOL (for U.S. sites), and radiological findings over two years after treatment will be evaluated.


Non-small Cell Lung Cancer lung cancer lung tumor NSCLC CyberKnife radiosurgery lung surgery Lung Neoplasms Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung CyberKnife Stereotactic Radiosurgery


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  1. Patient must be over the age of 18 years
  2. Pulmonary nodule with maximum diameter ≤ 5 cm
  3. Histological confirmation of primary NSCLC
  4. The following stage of NSCLC patients are eligible:
  5. Stage I: T1 N0 M0 or T2 N0 M0 (Tumor size ≤ 5 cm)
  6. Stage II: T3 N0 M0 (Chest wall invasion only, Tumor size ≤ 5 cm)
  7. ECOG/Zubrod status of 0, 1 or 2
  8. Thoracic surgery consultation should be obtained from a Board Certified Thoracic surgeon who in collaboration with a radiation oncologist should determine that the patient is not a surgical candidate.
  9. In order to be considered medically inoperable, the patient must meet at least one major criteria or a minimum of 2 minor criteria as described below:


  1. FEV1 < 50% or predicted postoperative FEV1 < 40%
  2. DLCO < 50% or predicted postoperative DLCO < 40%
  3. Exercise induced maximal exercise oxygen consumption M VO2 < 15 mL/kg/min
  4. High-risk cardiac disease: Any one of the following:
  5. Poor left ventricular function (defined as an ejection fraction of <=20%)
  6. Unstable coronary syndromes (unstable angina or severe angina Canadian class III or IV).
  7. Severe valvular disease (critical valvular stenosis),
  8. Recent myocardial infarction (< 1 month),
  9. Significant arrhythmia defined by one of the following: High-grade AV block, Symptomatic ventricular arrhythmias in the presence of underlying heart disease, Supraventricular arrhythmias with uncontrolled ventricular rate


  1. Age > 75
  2. Pulmonary hypertension (defined as a pulmonary artery systolic pressure greater than 40 mm Hg)
  3. Oxygen requirement (using the Medicare criteria for home oxygen requirements [i.e., room air oxygen saturation of 88% or less])
  4. Resting or exercise arterial pO2 ≤ 55 mm Hg OR SpO2 ≤ 88%.
  5. pCO2 > 45 mm Hg
  6. Congestive heart failure (any three of the following must be documented: dyspnea, peripheral edema, chest x-ray with interstitial edema or cardiomegaly, rales, or congestion)
  7. Moderately depressed left ventricular function (defined as an ejection fraction of 21-40% or less)
  8. Severe cerebral (with CVA or recent TIA) or severe peripheral vascular disease
  9. Diabetes Mellitus with severe organ damage such as ESRD, Blindness, Vascular disease.
  10. . Severe end organ damage from other causes resulting in ESRD, cirrhosis of the liver or vascular disease
  11. . FEV1 51%-60% or predicted postoperative FEV1 41-50%
  12. . DLCO 51-60% or predicted postoperative DLCO 41-50%
  13. . Modified Medical Research Council Dyspnea Scale ≥ grade 3
  14. Females of child-bearing age must be using a reliable form of birth control.
  15. The patient must have a PET-CT scan within 8 weeks of registration.
  16. . The patient must provide a signed and dated written informed consent PRIOR to registration and prior to undergoing any study-related procedures.
  17. . The patient must provide written authorization to allow the use and disclosure of their protected health information.

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Excluding the primary cancer targeted for this treatment, the patient has a prior history of cancer (within the last 5 years) or concurrent cancer other than basal cell or squamous skin cancer.
  2. Visible endobronchial lesion seen in the trachea, carina, major bronchus, lobar or segmental bronchus on bronchoscopy or microscopic disease detected in the trachea, carina, major bronchus, lobar or segmental bronchus.
  3. The patient's weight exceeds the tolerances of the institution's imaging and CyberKnife platform/couch.
  4. The patient has received thoracic radiation therapy in the same field as the planned treatment area in the past.
  5. The patient has completed chemotherapy within less than 30 days of treatment.
  6. T2: Tumor size > 5 cm, T3 tumors (except T3 by virtue of chest wall invasion and ≤ 5 cm), T4 tumors. Presence of N1, N2 or N3 disease per previously described criteria would be excluded.
  7. Pancoast tumors would be excluded.
  8. Current distant metastatic disease (M1) (preferably biopsy proven).
  9. The patient is a female with child-bearing potential who refuses to take a pregnancy test prior to treatment.
  10. . The patient is pregnant or a female who is nursing an infant.
  11. . The patient is planning on undergoing systemic therapy within 2 weeks after the last fraction of radiation
  12. . The patient has an active systemic or pulmonary infection.


  • Community Regional Medical Center
    Fresno California 93721 United States
  • Stanford University
    Palo Alto California 94305 United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Accuray Incorporated
Accuray Website
Phase 2
Study Type
Last Updated