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for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started



RATIONALE: Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Specialized radiation therapy that delivers a high dose of radiation directly to the tumor may kill more tumor cells and cause less damage to normal tissue. It is not yet known which regimen of stereotactic body radiation therapy is more effective in treating patients with non-small cell lung cancer.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase II trial is studying the side effects of two radiation therapy regimens and to see how well they work in treating patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer.

Official Title

A Randomized Phase II Study Comparing 2 Stereotactic Body Radiation Therapy (SBRT) Schedules for Medically Inoperable Patients With Stage I Peripheral Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer




  • To determine the 1-year rate of ≥ grade 3 adverse events that are definitely, probably, or possibly related to treatment with single fraction vs multiple fraction stereotactic body radiotherapy in medically inoperable patients with stage I peripheral non-small cell lung cancer.


  • To estimate the 1-year primary tumor control rate in these patients.
  • To estimate the 1-year overall survival and disease-free survival rate of these patients.
  • To assess FDG-PET (fluorodeoxyglucose) standardized uptake value changes as a measure of treatment response and outcomes.
  • To determine pulmonary function changes by treatment arm and response.
  • To determine the association between biomarkers and primary tumor control and/or ≥ grade 2 radiation pneumonitis.

OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to Zubrod performance status (0 vs 1 vs 2) and T stage (T1 vs T2). Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I (single fraction): Patients undergo one stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) treatment to the target lesion.
  • Arm II (multiple fractions): Patients undergo SBRT to the target lesion once daily for 4 days.

Blood and tumor tissue samples may be collected for further analysis.

After completion of study treatment, patients are followed up every 3 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 2 years, and then annually thereafter.


Lung Cancer stage I non-small cell lung cancer squamous cell lung cancer adenocarcinoma of the lung large cell lung cancer Lung Neoplasms Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung


For people ages 18 years and up


  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed primary non-small cell lung cancer,including one of the following subtypes:
  • Squamous cell carcinoma
  • Adenocarcinoma
  • Large cell carcinoma
  • Large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma
  • Non-small cell carcinoma not otherwise specified
  • Stage T1-2, N0, M0 disease
  • Tumor size ≤ 5 cm
  • Hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes ≤ 1 cm with no abnormal hilar or mediastinal uptake on PET scan are considered N0
  • Patients with hilar or mediastinal lymph nodes > 1 cm on CT scan or abnormal PET scan (including suspicious but nondiagnostic uptake) are eligible provided directed tissue biopsies of all abnormally identified areas are negative for cancer
  • No regional or distant metastases
  • Peripherally located tumor
  • No primary tumor within or touching the zone of the proximal bronchial tree,defined as a volume of 2 cm in all directions around the proximal bronchial tree(carina, right and left main bronchi, right and left upper lobe bronchi,intermedius bronchus, right middle lobe bronchus, lingular bronchus, right and left lower lobe bronchi)
  • No involvement of the central pleura and/or structures of the mediastinum
  • Resectable disease
  • Patient may have declined surgery after consulting with a thoracic surgeon
  • Patient deemed "medically inoperable", in the opinion of an experienced thoracic cancer clinician (thoracic surgeon, medical oncologist, radiation oncologist, or pulmonologist), due to a severe underlying physiological medical problem that would preclude surgery, including any of the following:
  • Baseline forced expiratory volume at one second (FEV1) < 40% predicted
  • Postoperative FEV1 < 30% predicted
  • Severely reduced diffusion capacity
  • Baseline hypoxemia and/or hypercapnia
  • Exercise oxygen consumption < 50% predicted
  • Severe pulmonary hypertension
  • Diabetes mellitus with severe end-stage organ damage
  • Severe cerebral, cardiac, or peripheral vascular disease
  • Severe chronic heart disease
  • Measurable disease


  • Zubrod performance status 0-2
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1,800/mm3

  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000/mm3

  • Hemoglobin ≥ 8.0 g/dL (transfusion or other intervention allowed)
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception
  • No synchronous primary malignancy or other malignancy within the past 2 years except for any of the following:
  • Invasive malignancy that was definitively treated and patient remains disease free for > 3 years with a life expectancy of > 3 years
  • Carcinoma in situ
  • Early stage skin cancer that was definitively treated
  • No active systemic, pulmonary, or pericardial infection


  • No prior radiotherapy to the lung or mediastinum
  • No prior chemotherapy for this lung or mediastinal tumor
  • Prior chemotherapy for another invasive malignancy allowed provided it was definitively treated and patient remains disease free for > 3 years
  • No prior surgery for this lung or mediastinal tumor
  • No other concurrent antineoplastic therapy, including standard fractionated radiotherapy, chemotherapy, biological therapy, vaccine therapy, and/or surgery


  • UCSF Helen Diller Family Comprehensive Cancer Center
    San Francisco, California, 94115, United States
  • Alta Bates Summit Comprehensive Cancer Center
    Berkeley, California, 94704, United States
  • Mercy Cancer Center at Mercy San Juan Medical Center
    Carmichael, California, 95608, United States
  • Radiation Oncology Centers - Cameron Park
    Cameron Park, California, 95682, United States
  • Auburn Radiation Oncology
    Auburn, California, 95603, United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Radiation Therapy Oncology Group
Phase 2
Study Type
Last Updated
May 18, 2017