for females ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
estimated completion
Marcelle Cedars



This is a randomized controlled trial to compare three currently available management strategies for women with a persisting pregnancy of unknown location (PPUL), which makes them at-risk for ectopic pregnancy. We will recruit hemodynamically stable women with a confirmed PPUL to be randomized to one of three strategies: 1) Uterine evacuation followed by methotrexate (MTX) for some (those that have evidence of a non visualized ectopic pregnancy) 2) Empiric treatment with MTX for all 3) Expectant management. Randomization will be 1:1:1 into these three arms. After randomization, they will be followed and treated clinically as is indicated by the progression of their condition. Primary outcome measures: uneventful decline of hCG to 5 IU/mL.

Official Title

Optimal Treatment for Women With a Persisting Pregnancy of Unknown Location - a Randomized Clinical Trial of Women at Risk for an Ectopic Pregnancy: Active Treatment Versus No Treatment


Persistent Pregnancy of Unknown LocationEctopic PregnancyCardiac Complexes, PrematurePregnancy, EctopicMethotrexateUterine EvacuationExpectant Management


You can join if…

Open to females ages 18 years and up

  • Female with a persisting pregnancy of unknown location:
  • A pregnancy of unknown location is defined as a pregnancy in a woman with a positive pregnancy test but no definitive signs of pregnancy in the uterus or adnexa on ultrasound imaging. A definitive sign of gestation includes ultrasound visualization of a gestational sac with a yolk sac (with or without an embryo) in the uterus or in the adnexa. Ultrasound must be performed within 7 days prior to randomization.
  • Persistence of hCG is defined as at least 2 serial hCG values (over 2-14 days), showing < 15% rise per day, or < 50% fall between the first and last value.
  • Patient is hemodynamically stable, hemoglobin >10 mg/dL
  • Greater than or 18 years of age

You CAN'T join if...

  • Hemodynamically unstable in need of acute treatment
  • Most recent hCG > 5000 mIU/mL
  • Patient obtaining care in relation to a recently completed pregnancy (delivery, spontaneous or elective abortion)
  • Diagnosis of gestational trophoblastic disease
  • Subject unwilling or unable to comply with study procedures
  • Known hypersensitivity to MTX
  • Presence of clinical contraindications for treatment with MTX
  • Prior medical or surgical management of this gestation
  • Subject unwilling to accept a blood transfusion


  • University of California San Francisco accepting new patients
    San FranciscoCalifornia94115United States
  • University of Utah accepting new patients
    Salt Lake CityUtah84132United States

Lead Scientist


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Yale University
Phase 3
Study Type
Last Updated