This protocol describes a single site mechanistic study to investigate microRNAs (miRNAs) that are differentially expressed in the airway epithelium of patients with asthma at baseline and in response to allergen challenge. We hypothesize that allergen exposure enhances airway smooth muscle contractility and epithelial cell mRNA/miRNA production as a consequence of locally increased T-cell derived cytokine production. The study will involve three visits over the course of approximately 14 days. At Visit 1, participants will be characterized in detail with lung function testing, methacholine challenge testing, and allergen skin prick testing. At Visit 2, participants will undergo bronchoscopy with segmental allergen administration of either cat or dust mite standardized allergen extract. At Visit 3 (either 24 hours later or 7 days later), bronchoscopy will be performed to collect airway samples including bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), epithelial brushings and endobronchial biopsies. Sample analysis will include measurement of miRNA and mRNA expression in epithelial brushings (RNAseq and qPCR); analysis of cell surface markers on BAL cells and blood cells; and collection of endobronchial biopsies for immunostaining of immune cells localization, immunoblotting of smooth cell protein phosphorylation, analysis of mucin content and smooth muscle cell subculture. A total of 38 subjects (26 asthmatics with stable or well-controlled asthma, 6 allergic non-asthmatics and 6 non-allergic non-asthmatics) will complete the study.
Mechanistic Study of Epithelial miRNAs and T-cell Recruitment Dynamics That Occur After Allergen Challenge in Patients With Asthma.
For people ages 18–50
Allergic/Non-Asthmatic subjects and Allergic/Asthmatic subjects
Positive skin test to dust mite or cat allergen
Negative skin test to panel of 12 allergens, including dust mite and cat allergen
History of intubation for asthma exacerbation
Use of Xolair (omalizumab) within the last 6 months
Immunotherapy with cat or dust mite extract now or in the past 5 years
≥ 10 pack-years smoking or any smoking in the past year
Other lung diseases, such as sarcoidosis, bronchiectasis or active lung infection
History of dermatographia
History of anaphylaxis to cat allergen
Participation in another research study involving a drug or biologic during the past 30 days
Presence of past or current medical problems/other factors that may pose additional risks from participation or influence study results, as determined per study investigator
University of California, San Franciscoaccepting new patients San Francisco, California, 94143, United States