for females ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California
study started
estimated completion
Jennifer N Felder



The overarching goal is to utilize a randomized control design to examine efficacy of web-based cognitive behavior therapy (CBT-I) plus treatment as usual compared to treatment as usual alone for insomnia and depression outcomes among pregnant women with insomnia at high risk for depressive relapse/recurrence (n=208).


Depression in pregnancy ("antenatal depression") is common and associated with acute and long-lasting adverse consequences for women and offspring. Insomnia is a risk factor for depression in general populations, and poor sleep quality is linked to increased depression among antenatal women. There have been no randomized control trials investigating nonpharmacological insomnia treatment on antenatal insomnia and depression outcomes. Many pregnant women use the Internet to seek pregnancy-related information, and report a preference for mental health care within the home or obstetrics clinic. The overarching goal is to utilize a randomized control design to examine efficacy of web-based cognitive behavior therapy for insomnia and depression outcomes (CBT-I) compared to treatment as usual (TAU) among pregnant women at risk for depression (n=208). Participants will be recruited nationally to complete study questionnaires at five timepoints through pregnancy and 6 months postpartum. Participants randomized to CBT-I will receive access to 6 weekly CBT-I web-sessions and treatment as usual. Participants randomized to treatment as usual will receive usual care and will be given access to Sleepio upon study completion. Our specific aims are:

  1. To evaluate feasibility and acceptability of CBT-I for pregnant women.
  2. To test whether participants receiving CBT-I show improvement in sleep compared to TAU participants.
  3. To examine whether participants randomized to CBT-I will experience improved depressive outcomes compared to TAU.
  4. To explore the impact of CBT-I on birth outcomes.

There is strong conceptual basis to predict the potential benefit of this approach for pregnant women. Targeting risk factors for antenatal depression may have significant public health benefits.


Insomnia Sleep Initiation and Maintenance Disorders Web-based CBT-I


You can join if…

Open to females ages 18 years and up

  1. pregnant up to 28 weeks gestation,
  2. 18 years of age or older,
  3. Meets DSM-5 criteria for Insomnia disorder as determined by the Sleep Condition Indicator or ISI ≥ 11
  4. regular access to a web-enabled computer, tablet, or smart phone.

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Probable major depression (EPDS ≥ 15),
  2. self-reported bipolar disorder,
  3. self-reported history of psychosis,
  4. active suicidality defined as scoring > 1 on EPDS item 10 or report of a specific suicide plan or recent attempt,
  5. shift work employee,


  • UCSF
    San Francisco California 94118 United States

Lead Scientist


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, San Francisco
Study Type
Last Updated