Skip to main content


for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
estimated completion:



Enso is a portable device for the treatment of chronic and acute types of musculoskeletal pain. This study is being designed as a double-blinded, sham-controlled randomized clinical trial.

Official Title

A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Clinical Trial Evaluating the Effectiveness of a Novel Form of Non-Invasive Neuromodulation for Treatment of Chronic Low Back Pain


Fifty subjects will be selected based on the inclusion criteria and then randomized to either the intervention group or the sham control group. Each subject will be randomly fitted with an Enso or a sham device and will be instructed to self-administer treatment daily for one hour or more per day for four weeks in both cohorts. Throughout the duration of the study, data will be recorded via a smartphone application regarding treatment usage and intensity, pain levels, the subject's impression of any changes in their functionality, and their opioid and non-opioid medication intake. Medication usage will also be tracked through the use of CURES 2.0 information and pill counts at specified study visits. Additional functional testing will be conducted at each study visit.

At the 4 week visit, the study blind will be broken, and subjects who were randomized to the sham group will be given the opportunity to cross over for an additional week in the study, using the active device.


Chronic Low Back Pain Back Pain Low Back Pain


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  1. Mechanical (myofascial), axial back pain (focused around the spine)
  2. 6/10 or greater level of pain
  3. Functionally debilitated by their pain (e.g., difficulty walking)
  4. Minimal radicular symptoms with no effect on functionality, medication, quality of life
  5. Expressed desire to stop taking pain medications
  6. Expressed desire to improve disability
  7. 80% or greater of disability is due to pain in the low back (as opposed to other body areas)
  8. Experiencing chronic pain for at least 6 months
  9. Interested in being active, improving their functionality
  10. . Comfortable with using technology in daily life
  11. . Subject able to understand and grant informed consent
  12. . Documented adherence with clinic follow up visits per medical records
  13. . Has an email account
  14. . Above 18 years old

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Patients that do not own or have access to a smartphone
  2. Has spinal instability, joint instability, or grade 2 or greater spondylolisthesis with instability
  3. Primary symptoms due to spinal stenosis
  4. Source of back pain related to an acute nerve impingement
  5. Diagnosis of cancer/malignant tumors in the last 5 years
  6. Source of back pain is an infection
  7. Source of pain is a prior spinal fusion surgery
  8. Has a cardiac pacemaker, implanted defibrillator or other implanted electronic device
  9. Has radicular pain symptoms that affect functionality, quality of life or medication intake
  10. . Has undergone surgery to solve pain related to the study indication in the past 6 months
  11. . Patients with history of opioid, alcohol or drug abuse in the last 5 years, per investigator discretion
  12. . Any psychiatric condition that may interfere with the study assessments or prevent the subject from complying with the requirements of the protocol, in the judgement of the investigator
  13. . Inability to complete subjective data as required; e.g. on mobile application and questionnaires
  14. . Pregnant women (as determined by self-report)
  15. . Have severe epilepsy
  16. . Have severe form of cardiovascular disease
  17. . Any other disease, condition, or habit(s) that in the opinion of the Principal Investigator would interfere with study compliance or adversely affect study outcomes


  • University of California Medical Center accepting new patients
    San Francisco, California, 94143, United States
  • Superior Research accepting new patients
    Sacramento, California, 95831, United States
  • Clinical Trials Research accepting new patients
    Lincoln, California, 95648, United States


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Thimble Bioelectronics, Inc.
Lead Scientist
Bobby Tay
Study Type
Last Updated
February 15, 2018
I’m interested in this study!