for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
Geoffrey Manley
Photo of Geoffrey Manley
Geoffrey Manley



This research aims to extend the application of spreading depolarization monitoring to non-surgical TBI patients, using intraparenchymal electrode arrays and scalp electroencephalography to detect depolarizations and develop less invasive monitoring methods.

Official Title

Development and Validation of Spreading Depolarization Monitoring for TBI Management


This study aims to develop the new clinical science of spreading depolarizations for routine monitoring of all TBI patients requiring intensive care. This will be accomplished by investigating automated and non-invasive methods for bedside detection of spreading depolarizations and by determining the prognostic value of such monitoring across the spectrum of TBI severity. While current monitoring of depolarizations is invasive and limited to the subgroup of TBI patients requiring craniotomy, pilot studies have shown that spreading depolarizations are also manifested in non-invasive scalp electroencephalographic (EEG) recordings. Here, approximately 189 subjects will undergo neuromonitoring with EEG only (n=63), with combined EEG and intraparenchymal ECoG (n=63), or with combined EEG and subdural ECoG (n=63). Simultaneous ECoG and EEG monitoring will allow characterization of the EEG signatures of spreading depolarizations and enable identification of signal-processing steps and quantitative criteria for their detection with clinically meaningful sensitivity and specificity, as validated against the gold standard of invasive ECoG. In parallel, an observational electrophysiology study of all TBI patients admitted to intensive care, including non-surgical cases, will characterize the incidence of spreading depolarizations across the TBI severity spectrum. Successful completion of these objectives will 1) determine the extent to which findings obtained in surgical TBI patients also generalize to patients who are managed medically, and 2) establish the first non-invasive method for routine bedside monitoring of a neuronal pathomechanism with proven relevance to TBI outcome. In doing so, this study may enable an individualized approach to TBI management and clinical trials in which neuroprotective therapies can be administered selectively to patients based on real-time identification of a marker and mechanism of secondary neuronal injury.


Traumatic Brain Injury Brain Injuries Brain Injuries, Traumatic


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  1. Enrollment in TRACK-TBI CA cohort
  2. Admission to intensive care
  3. Documented TBI <24 hr before anticipated placement of electrodes
  4. Lobe of primary injury accessible for ECoG by burr hole or craniotomy access
  5. Age ≥ 18 years
  6. Acute brain CT for clinical care
  7. Visual acuity/hearing adequate for testing
  8. Fluency in English or Spanish
  9. Ability to obtain informed consent

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Significant polytrauma that would confound outcome assessment
  2. Prisoners or patients in custody
  3. Pregnancy
  4. Patients on psychiatric hold
  5. Major debilitating baseline mental health disorder that would interfere with follow-up and the validity of outcome
  6. Major debilitating neurological disease impairing baseline awareness, cognition, or validity of follow-up and outcome assessment
  7. Significant history of pre-existing conditions that would interfere with follow-up and outcome assessment
  8. Low likelihood of follow-up
  9. Current participation in an interventional trial
  10. . Penetrating TBI
  11. . Spinal cord injury with ASIA score of C or worse
  12. . Bilateral unreactive pupils or other evidence of unsurvivable injury
  13. . Evidence of coagulopathy (INR>1.5 or thrombocytopenia) or infection, which contraindicate invasive monitoring


  • University of California San Francisco accepting new patients
    San Francisco California 94110 United States
  • Baylor College of Medicine accepting new patients
    Houston Texas 77030 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSF

  • Geoffrey Manley
    Dr. Manley is Chief of Neurosurgery at Zuckerberg San Francisco General Hospital and Professor and Vice Chairman of Neurological Surgery at UCSF. He is a trauma neurosurgeon and Co-Director of the Brain and Spinal Injury Center. Dr. Manley's research interests range from molecular aspects of traumatic brain injury (TBI) to the clinical care of TBI victims.


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of Cincinnati
Study Type
Last Updated