for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
estimated completion:
Bobby Tay



Enso is a portable device for the treatment of chronic and acute types of musculoskeletal pain. This study is being designed as a single blind, sham-controlled randomized clinical trial.

Official Title

A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Enso Device for Treatment of Chronic Low Back Pain in Relation to Study Entry Criteria


Fifty subjects will be selected based on the inclusion criteria and then randomized to either the intervention group or the sham control group. Each subject will be randomly fitted with an Enso or a sham device and will be instructed to self-administer treatment daily for one hour or more per day for two weeks in both cohorts. Throughout the duration of the study, data will be recorded via a smartphone application regarding treatment usage and intensity, pain levels, the subject's impression of any changes in their functionality, and their opioid and non-opioid medication intake. Additional functional testing will be conducted at each study visit.

At the 2 week visit, the study blind will be broken, and subjects who were randomized to the sham group will be given the opportunity to cross over for an additional 2 week period using the active device.


Chronic Low Back Pain Back Pain Low Back Pain ENSO Device Sham Device


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  1. Walk no further than 250 meters during a pre-study administration of the Six Minute Walk Test
  2. Confirm that either they are able on their own to place the device (i.e., the gel pad)in its proper location, or they have a caretaker or family member who can assist them if needed
  3. Mechanical (myofascial), axial back pain (focused around the spine)
  4. 6/10 or greater level of pain
  5. Functionally debilitated by their pain (e.g., difficulty walking)
  6. Minimal radicular symptoms with no effect on functionality, medication, quality of life
  7. Expressed desire to stop taking pain medications
  8. Expressed desire to improve disability
  9. 80% or greater of disability is due to pain in the low back (as opposed to other body areas)
  10. . Experiencing chronic pain for at least 6 months
  11. . Interested in being active, improving their functionality
  12. . Comfortable with using technology in daily life
  13. . Subject able to understand and grant informed consent
  14. . Documented adherence with clinic follow up visits per medical records
  15. . Has an email account
  16. . Above 18 years old

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Patients that do not own or have access to a smartphone
  2. Subject who, in the Investigator's opinion, does not demonstrate a strong desire to reduce opioid or other pain medication usage (e.g., opioid dependence)
  3. Has spinal instability, joint instability, or grade 2 or greater spondylolisthesis with instability
  4. Primary symptoms due to spinal stenosis
  5. Source of back pain related to an acute nerve impingement
  6. Diagnosis of cancer/malignant tumors in the last 5 years
  7. Source of back pain is an infection
  8. Prior spinal fusion surgery
  9. Has a cardiac pacemaker, implanted defibrillator or other implanted electronic device
  10. . Has radicular pain symptoms that account for more than 20% of their pain and/or functional impairment
  11. . Has undergone surgery to solve pain related to the study indication in the past 6 months
  12. . Patients with history of opioid, alcohol or drug abuse in the last 5 years, per investigator discretion
  13. . Any psychiatric condition that may interfere with the study assessments or prevent the subject from complying with the requirements of the protocol, in the judgement of the investigator.
  14. . Inability to complete subjective data as required; e.g. on mobile application and questionnaires
  15. . Pregnant women (as determined by self-report)
  16. . Have severe epilepsy
  17. . Have severe form of cardiovascular disease
  18. . Any other disease, condition, or habit(s) that in the opinion of the Principal Investigator would interfere with study compliance or adversely affect study outcomes


  • University of California
    San Francisco California 94143 United States
  • Spine and Nerve Diagnostic Center
    Roseville California 95661 United States


currently not accepting new patients, but might later
Start Date
Completion Date
Thimble Bioelectronics, Inc.
Lead Scientist
Bobby Tay
Study Type
Last Updated