Summary

for females ages 18-40 (full criteria)
healthy people welcome
study started
estimated completion
Daniel Grossman

Description

Summary

This mixed-methods study follows a prospective cohort of participants receiving Mifeprex® (mifepristone) by a clinician in advance of a potential unintended pregnancy. Women participating in this study will be assessed by a clinician and provided Mifeprex® and misoprostol in a clinical setting. To assess acceptability of this service delivery model among participants, and feasibility of implementing a larger randomized controlled trial, the study will survey participants, evaluate any clinical outcomes recorded during clinical visits, and interview participants about their experiences participating in the study.

Official Title

Alternative Provision of Medication Abortion Via Advance Provision

Details

The overarching goal of the project is to improve access to early abortion by reducing barriers that patients face obtaining services. Currently, patients are prescribed and receive Mifeprex® and misoprostol directly from a clinician, who evaluates patients for medical eligibility and contraindications. The Mifeprex® may be taken in the facility or at home, and the misoprostol is taken 24-48 hours later at home. The FDA recommends a follow-up visit, which can be over the phone.

The purpose of this study is to pilot test the model of advance provision of medication abortion (MAB). In this model, patients at risk of unintended pregnancy and with a desire to avoid pregnancy will be assessed by a clinician and provided counseling on pregnancy recognition and testing, as well as how to administer MAB at home. For this pilot study, only patients who have previously had a MAB will be included, since this population has reported the highest interest in the model, and they are also already familiar with how to use the medications. The clinician will provide Mifeprex® and misoprostol to the patient at the time of counseling in case the patient becomes pregnant and wants to terminate the pregnancy using the medications up to 10 weeks gestation. Patients will contact a study clinician for an over-the-phone assessment of eligibility for MAB, including assessment of gestational age, before self-administration of Mifeprex® and misoprostol, and then attend a follow-up visit with the clinician.

Patients will sign the Danco Patient Agreement Form prior to receiving the medication. Clinicians dispensing the medications will have signed the Prescriber Agreement Form, and the medications will be dispensed in a clinic or hospital. Study investigators will monitor participant activity through surveys throughout the study. Participants will be given clear instructions on study participation and returning unused medications in an appropriate time frame. Clinicians will also re-evaluate participants by telephone before they take the medications and evaluate them in person at a subsequent follow-up visit.

Keywords

Early Abortion Misoprostol Mifepristone Mifeprex® (Mifepristone 200 mg) Misoprostol 800 mcg ella® (ulipristal acetate emergency contraception 30 mg) AccuHome® Pregnancy OTC Test

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to females ages 18-40

  • Between 18 and 40 years old
  • Speak and read English or Spanish
  • Have female reproductive anatomy
  • Report a history of regular menses (>24 and <38 days ) in the past 3 years (other than during pregnancy)
  • Not currently pregnant and not desiring to be pregnant in the next year
  • Report having had a medication abortion with mifepristone and misoprostol at some point in the past
  • Hemoglobin ≥10 g/dL
  • Do not report a history of ectopic pregnancy
  • Do not report a history of a hemorrhagic disorder or currently taking anticoagulants(or plan to start taking anticoagulants during study period)
  • Do not report a history of chronic adrenal failure
  • Do not report a history of inherited porphyria
  • Do not report an allergy to mifepristone or misoprostol
  • Are not currently taking long-term corticosteroid therapy (>1 week)
  • Considered at-risk for unintended pregnancy, defined as: those who report being sexually active (vaginal sex with a male); have not been told by a clinician that they cannot become pregnant; have not been sterilized and whose current sexual partner(s)has not been sterilized; who are not using a long-acting reversible contraceptive(LARC) or hormonal contraceptive; who use withdrawal, rhythm method, barrier method(s), spermicide, emergency contraception, and/or no method of contraception
  • Say they would seek abortion if they became pregnant in the next year, and who do not express a preference for surgical abortion
  • Willing and able to provide informed consent
  • Have access to a working cellphone with them at the time of enrollment and are willing to receive calls and text messages from study staff
  • Are planning to live within 25 miles of the study site for the 6 month study period

You CAN'T join if...

  • Younger than 18 years or older than 40 years
  • Cannot speak and read English or Spanish
  • Do not have female reproductive anatomy
  • Report a history of irregular menses in the past 3 years
  • Hemoglobin <10 g/dL
  • Report a history of having an ectopic pregnancy
  • Report a history of a hemorrhagic disorder or currently taking anticoagulants (or plan to start taking anticoagulants during study period)
  • Report a history of chronic adrenal failure
  • Report a history of inherited porphyria
  • Report an allergy to mifepristone or misoprostol
  • Currently taking long-term corticosteroid therapy (>1 week)
  • Are not considered at-risk for unintended pregnancy, defined as: those who do not report being sexually active (vaginal sex with a male), have been told by a clinician they cannot become pregnant, have been sterilized or whose current sexual partner(s)has been sterilized, have an IUD or contraceptive implant in place, or currently taking hormonal contraception (oral contraceptive pills, patch or vaginal ring)
  • Currently pregnant or desiring to become pregnant in the next year
  • Have not had a medication abortion in the past
  • Say if they became pregnant in the next year, they would not seek abortion or are unsure whether they would seek abortion; or who indicate a preference for surgical abortion Unwilling or unable to provide informed consent
  • Do not have access to a working cellphone with them at the time of enrollment and are unwilling to receive calls or text messages from study staff
  • Are not planning to live within 25 miles of the study site for the 6 month study period

Lead Scientist

  • Daniel Grossman
    Professor, Ob/Gyn, Reproductive Sciences. Authored (or co-authored) 53 research publications

Details

Status
not yet accepting patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, San Francisco
ID
NCT03829696
Phase
Phase 4
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated