Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
Dates
study started
estimated completion
Principal Investigator
Elham Shadmehr, DDS, MS
Photo of Elham Shadmehr
Elham Shadmehr

Description

Summary

Articaine/epinephrine and lidocaine/epinephrine are the most common routine local anesthetic agents currently used in dentistry. However, their anesthetic efficacy and pain control in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis via inferior alveolar nerve block is very low. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of clonidine versus articaine/epinpephrine as a local anesthetic agent for a buccal infiltration after IANB administration with lidocaine for (1) successful IANB, (2) hemodynamic stability, and (3) reducing dental anxiety for endodontic treatment in mandibular molars diagnosed with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis.

Official Title

The Effect of Buccal Infiltration Administration of Clonidine on the Success Rate of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block on Mandibular Molars With Symptomatic Irreversible Pulpitis: a Randomized Double-blind Clinical Trial

Details

Articaine/epinephrine and lidocaine/epinephrine are the most common routine local anesthetic agents currently used in dentistry. However, their anesthetic efficacy and pain control in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis via inferior alveolar nerve block is very low. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of clonidine versus articaine/epinpephrine as a local anesthetic agent for a buccal infiltration after IANB administration with lidocaine for (1) successful IANB, (2) hemodynamic stability, and (3) reducing dental anxiety for endodontic treatment in mandibular molars diagnosed with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. 100 patients with first or second mandibular molars diagnosed with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis will be enrolled. Patients will randomly receive either 1.7mL of clonidine (1:100,000) or 1.7mL of 4% articaine with epinephrine (1:100,000) using buccal infiltration technique after administration of 1.7mL of 2% lidocaine with epinephrine (1:100,000) using an IANB technique. 15 minutes after injection, lip numbness will be checked. Those who reported lip numbness will be checked for pulpal anesthesia. Those who achieve profound pulpal anesthesia will be included in the study. Patient's pain score will be recorded using a Heft-Parker visual analog scale before, during and after endodontic treatment. Success in IANB is defined as no or mild pain upon endodontic access cavity preparation and initial canal instrumentation. The hemodynamic parameters and pain management will be measured before and after root canal treatment with specific intervals. Patient's dental anxiety level will be measured by VAS-Anxiety preoperatively, before IANB administration, before endodontic treatment and after the treatment.

Keywords

Symptomatic Irreversible Pulpitis Pulpitis Clonidine Epinephrine Carticaine Articaine Hydrochloride + Epinephrine Clonidine + articaine/epinephrine articaine/epinephrine

Eligibility

You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  • Be at least 18 years of age;
  • Provide written informed consent prior to participation and be given a signed copy of the informed consent form;
  • Must be in general good health as determined by the Investigator based on a review of the health history/update for participation in the trial (American Society of Anesthesiologists classification 1); and
  • Have a diagnosis of symptomatic irreversible pulpitis and symptomatic apical periodontitis for their mandibular first or second molar.

You CAN'T join if...

  • Active signs of oral infections or inflammation;
  • History of addiction or use of beta blockers;
  • Use of medications that could affect anesthetic assessment (opioids at least one week before treatments);
  • Allergies or contraindications to the use of clonidine, epinephrine or ibuprofen;
  • Pregnant or nursing per subject report;
  • No response to cold testing;
  • Any diseases or condition that might interfere with the safe participation in the study; and
  • Inability to undergo study procedures

Lead Scientist at UCSF

  • Elham Shadmehr, DDS, MS
    Assistant Professor, Preventive & Restor Dent Sci. Authored (or co-authored) 20 research publications.

Details

Status
not yet accepting patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
University of California, San Francisco
ID
NCT04186299
Phase
Phase 4
Study Type
Interventional
Last Updated