a study on Rhabdomyosarcoma
This phase III trial is studying how well combination chemotherapy and radiation therapy work in treating patients with newly diagnosed low-risk rhabdomyosarcoma. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vincristine, dactinomycin, and cyclophosphamide, work in different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Combining chemotherapy with radiation therapy may kill more tumor cells. It is not yet known which treatment regimen is more effective in treating low-risk rhabdomyosarcoma.
Vincristine, Dactinomycin, and Lower Doses of Cyclophosphamide With or Without Radiation Therapy for Patients With Newly Diagnosed Low-Risk Embryonal/Botryoid/Spindle Cell Rhabdomyosarcoma
I. Determine the failure-free survival of patients with newly diagnosed low-risk rhabdomyosarcoma treated with vincristine (V), dactinomycin (A), cyclophosphamide (C), and radiotherapy.
I. Determine local control rates in patients treated with this regimen. II. Determine the rate of second-look surgery in patients with bulk residual tumor at diagnosis (clinical group III) and the proportion of second-look surgeries that render patients treated with this regimen tumor-free or with microscopic tumor only and evaluate the pathologic significance of that residual tumor.
III. Determine the local control rates in patients with clinical group III disease treated with response-adjusted radiotherapy doses after second-look surgical resection.
OUTLINE: This is a nonrandomized, multicenter study. Patients are assigned to 1 of 2 treatment regimens according to disease stage and clinical group.
REGIMEN I (subset 1 patients) [closed to accrual as of 08/13/2010: Patients receive VAC chemotherapy comprising vincristine IV over 1 minute on day 1 of weeks 1-9 and dactinomycin IV over 1 minute and cyclophosphamide IV over 1 hour on day 1 of weeks 1, 4, 7, and 10; VA chemotherapy comprising vincristine IV over 1 minute on day 1 of weeks 13-21 and dactinomycin* IV over 1 minute on day 1 of weeks 13, 16, 19, and 22; and radiotherapy**, 5 days a week, beginning on week 13 and continuing for 4-7 weeks, depending on prescribed dose.
REGIMEN II (subset 2 patients)[closed to accrual as of 9/23/2011]: Patients receive VAC chemotherapy and radiotherapy** as in regimen I and VA chemotherapy comprising vincristine IV over 1 minute on day 1 of weeks 13-21, 25-33, and 37-45 and dactinomycin* IV over 1 minute on day 1 of weeks 13, 16, 19, 22, 25, 28, 31, 34, 37, 40, 43, and 46. Patients with clinical group III disease may undergo second-look surgery at week 13 followed by response-adjusted radiotherapy, and continued VA* chemotherapy. In both regimens, treatment continues in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
NOTE: *For both regimens, dactinomycin is omitted during radiotherapy.
NOTE: **Clinical Group I tumors and those with Clinical Group III uterine/cervix primary disease with negative nodes who have undergone a complete resection (i.e. hysterectomy) at Week 13 do not receive radiotherapy at Week 13
Patients are followed up every 3 months for 1 year, every 4 months for 2 years, every 6 months for 1 year, and then annually thereafter.
Adult Rhabdomyosarcoma Embryonal Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma Embryonal-botryoid Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma Previously Untreated Childhood Rhabdomyosarcoma Cyclophosphamide Vincristine Dactinomycin
For people ages up to 49 years
© The Regents of the University of California