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Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease clinical trials at UCSF

9 in progress, 4 open to eligible people

Showing trials for
  • Innate Immunity in Ozone-induced Airway Inflammation in COPD

    open to eligible people ages 45-75

    Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in the United States. Patients with COPD are routinely exposed to indoor and outdoor air pollution, which appears to cause escalation of their respiratory symptoms, a process called exacerbation, with resulting need to seek medical attention. This research plan proposes to evaluate the impact of lung immune cells in susceptibility to develop exacerbation through an experimental model of inhalational exposure using ambient levels of a component of air pollution (ozone) in COPD patients and longitudinal sampling of their lung immune cells.

    San Francisco, California and other locations

  • Lung Macrophage Populations and Functions in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)-Susceptible Smokers

    open to eligible people ages 40-75

    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a heterogeneous disease that affects only a fraction of those who smoke tobacco. The origin of this variability in susceptibility to develop COPD is unclear, but understanding its underlying biology has important implications for our ability to design suitable preventative and therapeutic strategies for its management. This Department of Defense (DOD) discovery research proposes to develop methodologies and generate preliminary data needed to lay the foundation for a large study that would investigate the underlying biological susceptibility of those who smoke tobacco to develop COPD.

    San Francisco, California and other locations

  • Pulmonary Specialist-Health Coach Consult Model Study

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    The Pulmonary Specialist-Health Coach Consultation (PuSHCon) study examines the implementation of health coach-assisted consultations to improve access to specialist care and implementation of specialist recommendations for patients with COPD, asthma, and asthma COPD overlap syndrome (ACOS) for low-income and vulnerable patients seen at public health clinics. Three hundred sixty (360) patients from ten clinics will be enrolled in the study and randomized at the individual level to receive health coaching or usual care; 180 patients will receive usual care and 180 patients will receive the PuSHCon model.

    San Francisco, California and other locations

  • RETHINC: REdefining THerapy In Early COPD for the Pulmonary Trials Cooperative

    open to eligible people ages 40-80

    The study hypothesis is that symptomatic current and former smokers with spirometric values within the normal range (post-bronchodilator FEV1/FVC≥0.70 and post-BD FVC ≥ 70% predicted will still derive symptomatic benefit from long-acting bronchodilator therapy even though they are excluded from current GOLD guideline recommendations.

    San Francisco, California and other locations

  • An Observational Study of Beta-Blocker Use in Patients With COPD and Acute MI

    Sorry, not currently recruiting here

    The study is a prospective, observational study of patients admitted to the BLOCK COPD network hospitals with acute AMI and COPD to determine the prevalence of COPD in patients admitted to the hospital with an acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and to characterize the phenotypic expression and severity of their underlying lung disease. Patients with will be identified via the EMR. 571 participants will be enrolled.

    Fresno, California and other locations

  • Clinical Feasibility of a Non-invasive Wearable Acoustic Device for Measuring Air Trapping in COPD

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    This is a pilot observational study during which the investigators will conduct a longitudinal assessment of air trapping (with up to 4 visits) in 60 patients with COPD and variable degrees of air trapping using ARIA. The investigators will characterize the clinical phenotype of the subjects by administering health and symptom-based questionnaires and obtaining lung function testing at rest and during exertion, and will then correlate and validate the ARIA-based indices with those of the more traditional physiologic measures of static and dynamic air trapping.

    San Francisco, California

  • NIV for COPD: Hospital to Home

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    This is a pilot study to evaluate the impact of providing patients admitted with acute exacerbations of COPD (AECOPD) with non-invasive ventilation (NIV)home devices prior to discharge on hospital readmission rates and other secondary outcomes. Aim 1 To test whether continuation of NIV at home after being initiated during hospitalization for AECOPD improves subsequent admission-free survival in patients with chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure secondary to COPD Hypothesis 1: The use of targeted NIV during hospitalization with continuation upon discharge to home will improve one-year all-cause mortality as compared to published mortality in the current literature. Hypothesis 2: The use of targeted NIV during hospitalization with continuation upon discharge to home will reduce readmission rates for AECOPD within-institution historical data. Aim 2 To evaluate the feasibility of a larger multisite randomized controlled trial in veterans using inclusion and exclusion criteria specified in this pilot. Outcomes Primary: Event-free survival (re-hospitalization for AECOPD, time to readmission for AECOPD, and all-cause mortality) Secondary: 1. Unplanned readmission rates (all complications) 2. Time to readmissions for admissions other than AECOPD. 3. Arterial blood gas/Venous blood gas (ABG/VBG): PaO2, PaCO2 and serum bicarbonate at Baseline, 6 and 12 months 4. Pulmonary function (handheld spirometer or in-laboratory based on specific institution resources) at Baseline, 6, and 12 months 5.6 minute walk test at Baseline, 6,and 12 months 6.Health related quality of life (HRQOL) measured by the St. Georges respiratory questionnaires (SGRQ) at Baseline, 1,3,6,9 and 12 months 7.Adherence to NIV at Week 1-2, Months 1,3,6,9 and 12 8.Sleep assessed by type 3 portable monitors 9.Sleep assessed by questionnaires: Insomnia severity index (ISI), Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), Functional Outcomes of Sleep Short Form (FOSQ-10) at Baseline, 1,3,6,9 and 12 months 11.Utilization of healthcare services (number of visits to outpatient clinics and emergency services, number of inpatient admissions)

    San Francisco, California

  • Rehabilitation for Patients With COPD

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    This study will examine COPD Wellness, a 10-week low-intensity pulmonary rehabilitation program consisting of group and home exercise, education, and social support can improve symptoms and increase physical activity in participants with COPD who receive care within a 'safety-net' healthcare system (e.g. County Hospital). Half of the participants will also receive an adherence strategy targeted at addressing unmet social needs, while the other half will undergo the intervention without the adherence strategy.

    San Francisco, California

  • Study of COPD Subgroups and Biomarkers

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    SPIROMICS I and SPIROMICS II are observational studies of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). SPIROMICS I had two main aims: (1) To find groups of patients with COPD who share certain characteristics; (2) To find new ways of measuring whether or not COPD is getting worse and so provide new ways of testing whether a new treatment is working. SPIROMICS II has three primary aims. Aim 1 is to define the natural history of "Smokers with symptoms despite preserved spirometry" and characterize the airway mucus abnormalities underlying this condition. Aim 2 is to determine the radiographic precursor lesion(s) for emphysema, and identify the molecular phenotypes underlying airway disease and emphysema. Aim 3 is to advance understanding of the biology of COPD exacerbations through analysis of predisposing baseline phenotypes, exacerbation triggers and host inflammatory response.

    San Francisco, California and other locations

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