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Infertility clinical trials at UCSF
11 in progress, 4 open to eligible people

  • Comparing Intra-vaginal Culture of Embryos to In-vitro Culture of Embryos With Minimal Stimulation

    open to eligible females ages 18-37

    The purpose of this study is to evaluate implantation rate with intra-vaginal culture with the INVOcell device versus traditional IVF while using minimal stimulation protocols

    San Francisco, California

  • Developmental Epidemiological Study of Children Born Through Reproductive Technology

    open to eligible people ages 4 years and up

    DESCRT will be a long-term study that both looks back in time, at successful pregnancies, and forward in time at early pregnancy and long-term as these children grow. Currently, there are limited data on the long-term effects of infertility and infertility treatments on children. There are some studies to suggest that these children may have altered metabolic profiles, but this study aims to be the largest study to answer this question.

    San Francisco, California

  • Fertility Preservation Using Tamoxifen and Letrozole in Estrogen Sensitive Tumors Trial

    open to eligible females ages 18-50

    Iatrogenic infertility as a result of cancer treatment has a profound effect on long-term quality of life in survivors of reproductive-age cancers. Oocyte cryopreservation prior to cancer treatment has been associated with improved quality of life, with a potential ability to reduce long-term decision-related regret in cancer survivors. Though letrozole plus gonadotropin and and tamoxifen plus gonadotropin are currently routinely used worldwide in ovarian stimulation cycles for fertility preservation in patients with estrogen-receptor-positive breast cancer, it is not clear which of the two might lead to improved oocyte yield. Improved knowledge about the efficacy of these medications, with regard to oocyte yield, has the potential to significantly improve quality of life in reproductive-age breast cancer survivors.

    San Francisco, California

  • Sperm Selection by Microfluidic Separation Improves Embryo Quality in Patients With a History of Poor Embryo Quality

    open to eligible people ages 18-65

    This is a randomized controlled trial of couples with a history of poor embryo quality undergoing a repeat in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle for unexplained infertility. Couples will be randomized to sperm selection by the clinical standard of centrifugation and density-gradient processing compared to the microfluidic sperm sorting chip.

    San Francisco, California

  • Administration of FSH and Low Dose hCG for Oocyte Maturity While Decreasing hCG Exposure in IVF Cycles

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    This is a randomized, double-blind, single center clinical trial study to compare the oocyte maturity, embryo development, and risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS) after receiving the standard dose of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) ovulation trigger or a lower dose of hCG plus concomitant follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) co-trigger in women undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF).

    San Francisco, California

  • Genetic Epidemiology of Ovarian Aging

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The purpose of this study is to identify clinical and genetic markers of ovarian aging. In this process, we will evaluate environmental factors that may affect fertility and the age at which fertility declines, and may influence the age at which women enter menopause. Wide variability exists between women both in the age at which menopause occurs and the rate of decline in oocyte number and reproductive capability. As the loss of ovarian function has profound impact on women's hormonal milieu and their subsequent risk for the development of disease, improving our understanding of the factors that determine the timing and rate of reproductive aging is critical to improving quality of life for all women. In addition, improving our understanding of reproductive aging has profound economic, and social, implications given the complex choices women face regarding the timing of childbearing and the growing burden of infertility. While the inter-individual variability in age at menopause has a large genetic component and possible environmental influences, to date no studies have addressed the relationship between oocyte number as reflected by antral follicle count (AFC) and genetic inheritance. We hypothesize that ovarian aging, as reflected by antral follicle count, is largely determined by common genetic polymorphisms that impact the initial oocyte endowment and/or the rate of oocyte loss over time thus lowering antral follicle count for any given age. We further hypothesize that antral follicle count will be an improved marker of ovarian aging. Thus, we propose a study of the genetic and environmental factors that influence age-specific variability in antral follicle count.

    San Francisco, California

  • Improving Reproductive Fitness Through Pretreatment With Lifestyle Modification in Obese Women With Unexplained Infertility

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    A two-arm, multicenter, prospective, randomized clinical trial of a lifestyle modification program with tracked increased physical activity and weight loss (intensive) compared to recommendations to tracking of increased physical activity alone with weight maintenance (standard) in women with obesity and unexplained infertility. This 16 week period of lifestyle modification will be followed by an open label empiric infertility treatment regimen consisting of three cycles of ovarian stimulation with oral medication (clomiphene citrate (CC)), triggering of ovulation with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and intrauterine insemination (IUI).

    San Francisco, California and other locations

  • Media, Morphokinetics, and Mosaicism

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    Embryonic aneuploidy is the underlying etiology for the majority of failed implantation and miscarriage. Preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) with transfer of a euploid embryo has been advocated as a strategy for increasing live birth rates with a single embryo transfer. Culturing embryos to the blastocyst stage for trophectoderm biopsy is a requirement for PGS. Several commercially-available single-step embryonic culture media with varying composition have been established for use in the IVF laboratory. Early reports have suggested differences in clinical outcomes, such as aneuploidy and miscarriage rates, with distinct culture media currently in standard use.1,2 However, there have been no clinical trials demonstrating the superiority of any one commercially-available culture media formulation. As a result, clinics use media with varying composition based upon familiarity and cost.

    San Francisco, California

  • Physical Activity and Fertility Care Study

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    Randomized control trial to determine if performing the US Health and Human Services recommended amount of weekly physical activity during ovarian stimulation will differentially affect mental health or clinical outcomes of individuals who are usually active, insufficiently active, or inactive in their everyday lives. The goal overall is to assess for safety and value of physical activity during fertility treatment.

  • The Longitudinal Evaluation of Ovarian Aging and Cardiovascular Risk

    Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only

    Despite significant improvements in prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD), the growing aging population suggests CVD will continue to pose a significant public health burden. Women are a special group where microvascular disease is more common and traditional risk factors may not fully identify risk. Women's reproductive history (e.g. menarcheal age, menstrual cycles, infertility, pregnancy, menopause) may pose unique risk and suggests an opportunity for new approaches. The investigators propose a women-centered approach for early identification of women at risk that investigates the unique loss of reproductive function at an age long before other vital systems fail. Despite its importance, little is known about the determinants or correlates of ovarian aging, or the health implications, especially in diverse communities. Only recently have reliable biomarkers of the remaining oocyte pool been available for use in normally cycling women. This availability gives us a unique opportunity to characterize the association between "ovarian age" (cross-sectional) and the rate of "ovarian aging" or oocyte decline over time (longitudinal) and the health implications of accelerated oocyte loss. The investigators hypothesize ovarian age/aging provides a window onto the general health of women. The investigators suggest it is not the progressive deficiency of estrogen with menopause that increases risk, but common underlying cellular aging mechanisms first evident in young populations as lower ovarian reserve (follicle number) due to the unique sensitivity of the ovary. Studies of cellular aging focused on mitochondrial dysfunction, oxidative stress, inflammation, and telomere length have identified correlations with CVD risk. Improved understanding of the mechanisms of cellular aging suggests telomere shortening and dysfunction may drive mitochondrial dysfunction and potentially the parallel between cellular aging and CVD. The oocyte is particularly sensitive to mitochondrial dysfunction, having 10 times the number of mitochondria as any somatic cell. Additionally, mitochondrial dysfunction and telomere shortening have been associated with ovarian aging. This begs the question of whether, given the susceptibility of the ovary to mitochondrial dysfunction, accelerated ovarian aging may be a harbinger of subsequent CVD risk. To address this critical question, the investigators propose to leverage the largest and most ethnically diverse population of normal reproductive-aged women, with detailed measures of ovarian age, and to deploy peripheral endothelial function testing, a non-invasive sensitive marker of early CVD risk. Ovarian aging is thought to be largely genetically determined, but the impact of race/ethnicity has not been fully explored. Evaluating the impact of ethnicity on ovarian aging, and combining this information with the impact of modifiable behavioral risk factors, may help clarify CVD risk in young, ethnically-diverse, reproductive-age women. The investigators believe improving our understanding of factors that affect the rate of oocyte/follicle loss and the relationship with CVD risk factors will promote a novel method to identify women at earlier and/or increased cardiac risk.

    San Francisco, California

  • The PrISICE Clinical Trial (Pre-Implantation Screening and Investigation on the Cryopreservation of Embryos)

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    The trial objective is to determine whether the deferred transfer of embryos following cryopreservation at the blastocyst stage following pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS-FET) improves live birthrates compared to both the deferred transfer of cryopreserved embryos without PGS (FET) and immediate transfer at the conclusion of a "fresh" in vitro fertilization (IVF) cycle (Fresh). Additionally, whether "freeze-only" (FET) improves live birth rates compared to "fresh" will be determined.

    San Francisco, California and other locations

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