Mobile Health clinical trials at UCSF
2 in progress, 1 open to eligible people
open to eligible people ages 18-29
Young adults have a disproportionately high rate of HIV infection, high rates of attrition at all stages of the HIV care continuum, an increased risk of antiretroviral therapy (ART) nonadherence and virologic failure, and a high probability of disease progression and transmission. Tracking and monitoring objective measures of ART adherence in real time is critical to strategies to support adherence and improve clinical outcomes. However, adherence monitoring often relies on self-reported and retrospective data or requires extra effort from providers to understand adherence patterns, making it difficult for providers to accurately determine how to support their patients in real time. In the proposed interventional study, the investigators aim to pilot test an automated directly observed therapy intervention paired with conditional economic incentives to improve ART adherence among youth living with HIV (YLWH) (18-29 years-old) who have an unsuppressed HIV viral load. Aim 1: Conduct a pilot study to assess feasibility and acceptability of the use of automated directly observed therapy with conditional economic incentives (aDOT-CEI) among YLWH (aged 18-29; N= 30) at AIDS Healthcare Foundation (AHF) clinics in California and Florida. Primary outcomes will be feasibility and acceptability, assessed using predefined feasibility metrics and acceptability surveys at three months. Aim 2: Explore experiences of YLWH and staff/providers with the aDOT-CEI intervention and implementation facilitators and barriers. The investigators will conduct in-depth qualitative interviews with a sample of YLWH from Aim 1 and staff/providers purposively selected from participating AHF clinics to explore intervention experiences, potential influences on ART adherence, individual-level and clinic-level barriers and facilitators to intervention implementation, and suggested refinements for a future efficacy trial. The investigators hypothesize that the aDOT-CEI intervention to improve ART adherence among YLWH will have high feasibility and acceptability.
San Francisco, California
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The goal of this randomized clinical trial is to test the effect of a technology-based intervention with an Adaptive Treatment Strategy (ATS) among youth living with HIV (YLWH) (18-29 years old). This piloted and protocolized intervention combines: (1) brief weekly sessions with a counselor via a video-chat platform (video-counseling) to discuss mental health (MH), substance use (SU), HIV care engagement, and other barriers to care; and (2) a mobile health application (app) to address barriers such as ART forgetfulness and social isolation. Individuals who are not virologically suppressed will be randomized to video-counseling+app or standard of care (SOC). Through this study, the investigators will be able to: Aim 1: Test the efficacy of video-counseling+app vs SOC on virologic suppression in YLWH.The investigators will compare HIV virologic suppression of those randomized to the intervention vs control arms at 16 weeks via an RCT. Aim 2: Assess the impact of video-counseling+app vs SOC on MH and SU in YLWH. The investigators will evaluate the MH and SU differences between the intervention vs control arms at 16 weeks via an RCT. Aim 3: Explore an ATS to individualize the intervention by assigning the: 1. virologic "non-responders" in the intervention arm to intensified video-counseling+app for 16 more weeks, 2. virologic "responders" in the intervention arm to continue only app use for 16 more weeks. Researchers will compare the characteristics of virologic responders and non-responders to the intervention, individualization of the intervention based on these variables, and linkage to MH and SU treatment services among those in need to see if delivery of care is enhanced and impact on virologic suppression.
San Francisco, California
Our lead scientists for Mobile Health research studies include Parya Sabari, PharmD.