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Nephrolithiasis clinical trials at UCSF
2 in progress, 0 open to new patients

  • Contrast-enhanced Ultrasound Versus CT Scan for Kidney Stone Patient Management

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    This study will be a randomized controlled study comparing the use of two clinical management strategies in nephrostomy tube management following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). The first strategy entails using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to evaluate the renal collecting system (1). This is a new imaging approach applying ultrasound machines with special software in combination with intraluminal ultrasound contrast agent (Lumason) injection, which is an FDA-approved ultrasound contrast agent (2). The second strategy is a nephrostomy tube capping trial combined with low dose non-contrast computed tomography (CT) scan, one of the most frequently utilized clinical management strategies currently used in clinical practice (3).

  • A Randomized Trial of Preoperative Prophylactic Antibiotics Prior to Kidney Stone Surgery (Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy [PCNL])

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    When patients are going to have surgery to remove large kidney stones (percutaneous nephrolithotomy [PCNL]), it is not clear whether the patients benefit from a course of prophylactic preoperative oral antibiotics; currently both the use of prophylactic preoperative oral antibiotics and no prophylactic oral antibiotics are considered to be within standard-of-care. This study will randomize patients to preoperative prophylactic antibiotics or no antibiotics to determine if the use of preoperative prophylactic antibiotics decreases the postoperative risk of localized urinary tract infection (UTI) and/or systemic infection that started in the urinary tract (sepsis or urosepsis).

    San Francisco, California and other locations