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Postoperative Pain clinical trials at UCSF

5 in progress, 3 open to eligible people

Showing trials for
  • Intravenous Lidocaine After Spinal Surgery to Prevent Delirium and Reduce Pain

    open to eligible people ages 60 years and up

    Postoperative delirium is one of the most frequent adverse events following elective non-cardiac surgery and is associated with cognitive impairment at discharge, as well as in-hospital and long-term mortality, however, despite being a well-recognized problem there is a dearth of effective interventions for prevention and management. A modifiable risk factor associated with postoperative delirium is poor postoperative pain control, and by improving the pain regimen the investigators may be able to decrease the incidence and/or severity of postoperative delirium. In this study, the investigators seek to study whether a postoperative intravenous infusion of lidocaine, known to improve pain control in other contexts, can decrease the risk of postoperative delirium and other opioid-related side effects, following major reconstructive spinal surgery.

    San Francisco, California

  • Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Chronic Neuropathic Pain

    open to eligible people ages 18-80

    Chronic neuropathic pain is defined as pain caused by a lesion or disease of the somatosensory nervous system. It is highly prevalent, debilitating, and challenging to treat. Current available treatments have low efficacy, high side effect burden, and are prone to misuse and dependence. Emerging evidence suggests that the transition from acute to chronic neuropathic pain is associated with reorganization of central brain circuits involved in pain processing. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a promising alternative treatment that uses focused magnetic pulses to non-invasively modulate brain activity, a strategy that can potentially circumvent the adverse effects of available treatments for pain. RTMS is FDA-approved for the treatment of major depressive disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and migraine, and has been shown to reduce pain scores when applied to the contralateral motor cortex (M1). However, available studies of rTMS for chronic neuropathic pain typically show variable and often short-lived benefits, and many aspects of optimal treatment remain unknown, including ideal rTMS stimulation parameters, duration of treatment, and relationship to the underlying pain etiology. Here the investigators propose to evaluate the efficacy of high frequency rTMS to M1, the region with most evidence of benefit in chronic neuropathic pain, and to use functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to identify alternative rTMS targets for participants that do not respond to stimulation at M1. The central aim is to evaluate the pain relieving efficacy of multi-session high-frequency M1 TMS for pain. In secondary exploratory analyses, the investigator propose to investigate patient characteristic that are predictive of responsive to M1 rTMS and identify viable alternative stimulation targets in non-responders to M1 rTMS.

    San Francisco, California

  • Virtual Reality as a Postoperative Pain Management Adjunct in Older Adults: An Acceptability and Feasibility Study

    open to eligible people ages 65 years and up

    This single-arm mixed methods study aims to determine potential differences in self-reported postoperative pain intensity levels, anxiety, and state of relaxation through immediate pre-post intervention evaluation among those aged 65 or older who receive immersive virtual reality during their hospitalization, up to three days following major elective surgery. In addition, the investigators will evaluate the feasibility and acceptability of virtual reality for use in this older adult population. This study will not evaluate the efficacy of VR. The main questions this study seeks to answer are: 1. What is the feasibility and acceptability of using immersive virtual reality to impact clinical outcomes such as pain, anxiety, and relaxation in older adults who have undergone major elective surgery? 2. What is the older adult's user experience with virtual reality during hospitalization up to the three days following major elective surgery?

    San Francisco, California

  • Closed-Loop Deep Brain Stimulation for Refractory Chronic Pain

    Sorry, in progress, not accepting new patients

    Chronic pain affects 1 in 4 US adults, and many cases are resistant to almost any treatment. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) holds promise as a new option for patients suffering from treatment-resistant chronic pain, but traditional approaches target only brain regions involved in one aspect of the pain experience and provide continuous 24/7 brain stimulation which may lose effect over time. By developing new technology that targets multiple, complimentary brain regions in an adaptive fashion, the investigators will test a new therapy for chronic pain that has potential for better, more enduring analgesia.

    San Francisco, California

  • Methods for Recording Post Operative Pain

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    The purpose of the current study is to identify the optimal method of collection of pain intensity data. The study will compare three collection methods: a hand-written pain journal, a smartphone app, and a novel electronic pain recorder device. Patients will be randomly assigned to one of three methods and instructed to record their pain level as often as they like. The number of pain intensity recordings per day will then be compared across groups.

    San Francisco, California

Our lead scientists for Postoperative Pain research studies include .

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