Compare Two Copper IUDs: Mona Lisa NT Cu380 Mini and ParaGard
a study on Contraception
This will be a multi-site, participant-blinded, randomized clinical trial. The investigators will randomize 1000 eligible participants in a 4:1 ratio to two different copper IUDs: 800 to Mona Lisa NT Cu380 Mini and 200 to ParaGard.
A Multi-center, Single-blind, Randomized Clinical Trial to Compare Two Copper IUDs: Mona Lisa NT Cu380 Mini and ParaGard
The total duration of the study for each participant is expected to be approximately 39 months: including screening and enrollment (up to 30 days to meet enrollment criteria), 37 months of participation, and a post-removal follow up telephone call 17 days post-removal. After enrollment, subject visits occur at 6 weeks, 3 months, 6 months, 12 months, 24 months, with telephone calls at 9, 18, and 30 months and seen again at 37 months for their final visit. Subjects will use a home pregnancy test 17 days post-removal of the IUD or Exit Visit procedures, whichever occurs first, and called by the site for the result and for safety follow-up.
Subject recruitment is expected to begin Q2 (in the second quarter of) 2017 and is planned to continue through Q2 2018. However, if the enrollment rate declines, the enrollment period may be extended beyond this date. If this enrollment timeline is met, all subjects should finish active treatment by approximately the end of Q2 2021. The total duration of the study will be approximately 48 months for each study site including pre- and post- trial activities. The end of the study will occur when the last subject to be enrolled has completed her post-removal pregnancy test telephone call.
Total duration of the project is expected to be five years. Preliminary results of the study are expected to be available Q4 of 2019 based on the current study plan.
Healthy Women Female Contraception IUD Copper Mona Lisa® NT Cu380 Mini ParaGard® CuT380A
You can join if…
Open to females ages 16-40
- 16-40 years
o 16 and 17 year olds, where permissible by state regulations and local Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval
- Sexually active, anticipating at least one act of vaginal intercourse per menstrual cycle with a male partner and at risk for pregnancy
- seeking contraception, and willing to use the study IUD as the only contraception method
- willing to be randomized to one of the two copper IUDs
- has an intact uterus and at least one ovary
- has a history of regular menstrual cycles; defined as occurring every 21-35 days when not using hormones, and with a variation of typical cycle length of no more than 5 days
- able and willing to provide written informed consent
- agrees to follow all study requirements
- not currently pregnant or at risk for luteal phase pregnancy based on history of unprotected intercourse
You CAN'T join if...
- abnormal Pap requiring treatment after enrollment
- known human immunodeficiency virus / acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) infection
- intending to become pregnant in the 37 months after enrollment
- known infertility
- history of allergy or sensitivity to copper
- previous tubal sterilization
- has received an injectable contraceptive in the last 9 months and has not resumed regular menstrual cycles (as evidenced by 2 spontaneous menses)
- within 30 days of administration of mifepristone and/or misoprostol for medical abortion or for miscarriage management
- within 30 days of first, second, or third trimester abortion or miscarriage (note: potential abortion/miscarriage participants can be screened and return after 30 days for randomization and IUD insertion)
- within 30 days of delivery (for parous population)
- breastfeeding or recently breastfeeding women unless two consecutive normal menstrual periods have occurred after delivery and prior to enrollment.
- wants to use a copper IUD for emergency contraception
- has previously participated in the study
- participated in another clinical trial involving an investigational product within the last 30 days (before screening) or planning to participate in another clinical trial involving an intervention or treatment during this study
- not living in the catchment area of the study site or planning to move from the area within the year (unless known to be moving to the catchment area of another study site)
- known or suspected current alcohol or drug abuse
- planning to undergo major surgery during study participation
- current need for use of exogenous hormones or therapeutic anticoagulants (Note: subjects who start a therapeutic anticoagulant after enrolment will be allowed to continue in the study.)
- at high risk for sexually-transmitted infections or pelvic infection
- anticipated need for regular condom use (refer to Section 8.1).
- has any condition (social or medical) which in the opinion of the Investigator would make study participation unsafe or complicate data interpretation
- Reported medical contraindications (Medical Eligibility Criteria category 3 or 4)14 to copper IUDs, including:
- suspicious unexplained vaginal bleeding
- known cervical cancer
- known endometrial cancer
- known Wilson's disease
- Confirmed gestational trophoblastic disease with persistently elevated beta-hCG levels or malignant disease, with evidence or suspicion of intrauterine disease
- anatomic abnormalities with distorted uterine cavity
- current pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
- pelvic tuberculosis
- immediately post-septic abortion or puerperal sepsis
- current known purulent cervicitis or chlamydial infection or gonorrhea; Note: to enroll, there must be no obvious signs of infection at the time of enrollment based on pelvic exam. If lab results come back for positive infection after enrollment, treatment should be provided but the IUD can be left in place.
- complicated solid organ transplantation
- systemic lupus erythematosus with severe thrombocytopenia
- University of California, San Francisco
San Francisco California 94110 United States
- University of California, Davis
Sacramento California 95817 United States