for people ages 2 years and up (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Nisha Acharya
Headshot of Nisha Acharya
Nisha Acharya



The proposed study is a stratified, block-randomized, double-masked, controlled trial to determine the feasibility of discontinuing adalimumab treatment in patients with quiescent uveitis associated with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) or chronic anterior uveitis (CAU).

Official Title

Adalimumab in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis-associated Uveitis Stopping Trial


Background: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis is a chronic pediatric ocular inflammatory condition that can result in visual impairment. Chronic anterior uveitis (CAU) does not have systemic manifestations of disease but presents similarly in the eye and can result in identical visual complications as JIA-associated uveitis. Adalimumab, a tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha inhibitor, effectively controls joint and eye inflammation; however, its long-term use may increase the risk of adverse health outcomes and place an undue financial burden on the patient and healthcare system given its high cost. There is great interest for patients to stop adalimumab following remission due to these reasons but there is a lack of information on the ability to maintain control after discontinuing adalimumab.

Methods: The Adalimumab in Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis-associated Uveitis Trial (ADJUST) is a multi-center international trial that will randomize 118 participants aged 2 years and older with controlled JIA-associated uveitis or chronic anterior uveitis to either continue adalimumab or discontinue adalimumab and receive a placebo. The trial will compare the time to uveitis recurrence between the two groups over 12 months. All participants will receive the standard weight-based dose of adalimumab or placebo: 20 mg biweekly (if < 30 kg) or 40 mg biweekly (if ≥ 30 kg).

Impact: This is the first randomized controlled trial to assess the efficacy of discontinuing adalimumab after demonstrating control of JIA-associated uveitis for at least 12 months. The results of ADJUST will provide information on clinical outcomes to guide clinicians in their decision-making regarding discontinuation of adalimumab.


Uveitis, JIA, chronic anterior uveitis, adalimumab, JIA-associated uveitis, stopping, Continue adalimumab, Stop adalimumab


You can join if…

Open to people ages 2 years and up

(must meet all of the following to qualify):

- Stated willingness to comply with all study procedures and availability for the duration of the study period - ≥ 2 years of age - History of JIA or CAU diagnosed prior to 16 years of age (patient may be older than 16 at time of enrollment) - Formal diagnosis of JIA-associated uveitis or CAU with no other suspected etiology - ≥12 consecutive months of controlled ocular inflammation (≤0.5+ anterior chamber cell, ≤0.5+ vitreous haze, no active retinal/choroidal lesions in either eye) - ≥ 12 consecutive months of controlled arthritis verified by a pediatric rheumatologist, if defined as JIA-associated uveitis - ≥12 consecutive months of treatment with adalimumab or a biosimilar of adalimumab - ≥180 days on a stable dose of adalimumab or a biosimilar; must be biweekly dose of either 20mg (if<30kg) or 40mg (if ≥30kg) - If on a biosimilar of adalimumab, ≥90 days on the biosimilar - If on concomitant antimetabolite (injectable or oral methotrexate, mycophenolate mofetil, azathioprine, or leflunomide), dose must be ≤25 mg weekly for methotrexate, ≤3 g daily for mycophenolate mofetil, ≤250 mg daily for azathioprine, or ≤20 mg daily for leflunomide; dose and route of administration must be stable for ≥90 days - If on topical corticosteroids, dose must be ≤2 drops prednisolone acetate 1% or equivalent per day and stable for ≥90 days - Willingness to limit consumption of alcohol during the study period - Agreement to avoid live attenuated vaccinations - Agreement to use highly effective contraception for ≥28 days prior to screening and throughout study period (for males and females of reproductive age) - Suitable, in the opinion of the Investigator, to continue treatment with adalimumab or placebo per regional labeling - No contraindications to receive adalimumab as per the local Summary of Product Characteristics (SmPC)

You CAN'T join if...

(any one of these excludes the patient):

- Intraocular surgery in the past 90 days or planned surgery in the next 12 months - Severe cataract or opacity preventing view to the posterior pole in both eyes - Chronic hypotony (<5mmHg for ≥90 days) in either eye - Treatment with oral corticosteroids or intraocular corticosteroid injection within the last 12 months - Use of NSAID eye drops within the last 90 days - Acute anterior uveitis characterized by redness and symptoms, including but not limited to floaters, pain, and light sensitivity - Pregnancy or lactation (a pregnancy test will be conducted at baseline and all follow-up visits for females of reproductive age) - Presence of intraretinal or subretinal fluid in either eye - Prior safety or tolerability issues with adalimumab - History of cancer, active tuberculosis, or hepatitis B - Other medical condition expected to dictate treatment course during the study - Any of the following laboratory test results on their most recent tests within the past 90 days prior to screening/enrollment: leukocyte count <2500, platelet count ≤75000, hemoglobin<9.0, AST or ALT ≥ 2 times the upper limit of normal range, creatinine ≥1.5 There are no sex, race, or ethnicity restrictions for this study.


  • UCSF
    San Francisco California 94143 United States
  • University of California, Davis
    Sacramento California 95817 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSF

  • Nisha Acharya
    Nisha Acharya is the Director of the Uveitis and Ocular Inflammatory Disease Service and the Uveitis Fellowship at the F.I. Proctor Foundation. Her clinical expertise is the diagnosis and management of patients with infectious and inflammatory eye diseases. She is experienced with the latest treatments for uveitis, including treatment with new immunomodulatory drugs and biologic therapies.


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Nisha Acharya
Phase 4 research study
Study Type
Expecting 118 study participants
Last Updated