The overarching goal of this Pain Management Collaboratory Demonstration project is to test a new Whole Health paradigm for chronic pain care, emphasizing non-pharmacological pain self-management that is hypothesized to reduce pain symptoms and improve overall functioning and quality of life in Veterans. In UH3 Aim 1, the investigators will conduct a 12-month pragmatic effectiveness trial at 5 VA sites across the country to test whether veterans with moderate to severe chronic pain randomized to receive the Whole Health Team (WHT) intervention are more likely than those receiving Primary Care Group Education (PC-GE) to: Hypothesis 1: Experience improved pain interference (primary outcome), pain intensity, functioning and quality of life (secondary outcomes); Hypothesis 2: Decrease use of higher-risk pain medications, including opioids, or high-risk combinations; Hypothesis 3: Engage in a greater number of non-pharmacological pain management activities; and Hypothesis 4: Experience improved mental health-related symptoms, including sleep problems and suicidality. In addition, both the WHT and PC-GE arms will be compared to a third group of veterans randomized to Usual Primary Care (UPC, Control) on the same primary and secondary outcomes above. After the baseline assessment, masked telephone assessments will be administered to participants at 3, 6, 9, and 12 months. UH3 Aim 2 is to conduct a process evaluation of the two active interventions (WHT and PC-GE) and a budget impact analysis that includes costs to implement and execute the two active interventions as well as the control condition (UPC) to inform the development of an implementation toolkit for scaling and dissemination. Eligible participants are veterans reporting moderate to severe chronic pain present every day or nearly every day for ≥ 6 months. The total sample size for the population is based on our main study aim/hypothesis and is N=745. This breaks down to n=341 in each of the active interventions (WHT and PC-GE) and N=63 in the Usual Primary Care arm (Control). Results of this UG3/UH3 Pain Management Collaboratory Demonstration project will contribute to the overall mission of the NIH/VA/DoD initiative to build national-level infrastructure that supports non-pharmacologic pain management in veterans and military service personnel.
Implementation of a Pragmatic Trial of Whole Health Team vs. Primary Care Group Education to Promote Non-Pharmacological Strategies to Improve Pain, Functioning, and Quality of Life in Veterans