Summary

Eligibility
for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
Location
at San Francisco, California and other locations
Dates
study started
estimated completion

Description

Summary

This project will focus on developing, optimizing and pilot-testing a multi-component Improving Access Through Technology (ImPAcTT) intervention that leverages existing telehealth technologies to provide staff education; family outreach, engagement and support; care coordination; and resident symptom management and facilitation of goals-of-care discussion.

Official Title

Improving Palliative Care Access Through Technology (ImPAcTT): A Multi- Component Pilot Study

Details

Almost 1.8 million older Americans live in nursing homes (NH), with estimates that this number will grow to more than 3 million by 2050. NHs are increasingly becoming the place of care and site of death for frail older adults dying from multiple chronic illnesses. Unfortunately, most residents die without the benefit of palliative care (PC) or with palliation delayed until the last days of life. Unfortunately, hospice services are often the only formal end of life care service available in NHs, and access to hospice enrollment is complicated by financial implications for both NHs and residents. Telehealth, or remote monitoring of patients through information and communication technologies, is an effective mechanism for addressing the increased demand on health services and has much to offer to people living with and dying from advanced illness. Moreover, numerous studies have demonstrated positive benefits of using telehealth in the NH to improve access to consultants (e.g., neurology, dermatology, psychiatry). Little is known, however, about the effect of using Telehealth on improving access to PC specialists in the NH setting. The proposed ImPAcTT intervention employs a secure communications platform that permits multi-person live video, audio, and text message consultations; real-time document sharing and documentation for advanced care planning discussions; and remote virtual assessment capabilities. The investigator will conduct a pilot implementation trial of ImPAcTT in 3 study nursing homes to evaluate our ability to safely recruit and retain study participants, collect appropriate and accurate data, and determine preliminary estimates of an effect size of the intervention.

Keywords

Telehealth Palliative Care End of life Care transition Nursing Home Telehealth visit

Eligibility

For people ages 18 years and up

Purposeful sampling will take place in an attempt to collect data from a range of ethnically and racially diverse participants.

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

Primary participant

  • Age >= 18 years
  • English language fluency
  • Palliative Care Consult Screening Tool (PCCS) scoring 9 or above
  • If participant does not demonstrate capacity to consent, he/she must be able to assent to study procedures, be told of plan to approach surrogate and have a legally authorized representative available to provide consent

Family/friend caregivers:

  • Closest relative/next of kin/friend who is involved in the care of his/her loved one before and during the study period
  • English fluency

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Primary participant:

  • Enrolled in hospice
  • Unable to assent to study procedures
  • Expresses resistance or dissent to participation or the use of surrogate consent

Family/friend caregiver:

  • Life expectancy < 1 year (e.g., metastatic cancer)
  • Evidence of cognitive impairment or inability to consent to study procedures

Locations

  • University of California San Francisco - UCSF
    San Francisco California 94143 United States
  • University of Utah
    Salt Lake City Utah 84112 United States