for people ages 6 months to 37 years (full criteria)
at Oakland, California and other locations
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Jennifer G. Michlitsch
Headshot of Jennifer G. Michlitsch
Jennifer G. Michlitsch



This study evaluates immunologic response following COVID-19 vaccination in children, adolescents, and young adults with cancer. Vaccines work by stimulating the body's immune cells to respond against a specific disease. The immune response produces protection from that disease. Effects from cancer and from treatments for cancer can reduce the body's natural disease fighting ability (called immunity). Factors such as vaccine type, timing of vaccine dosing related to treatment for cancer and number of vaccine doses or "boosts" (extra vaccine shots) may strengthen or diminish the body's protective immune response. This study may help researchers learn more about how the body's immune system responds to the COVID-19 vaccine when the vaccination is given during or after cancer treatment.

Official Title

Prospective Cohort Study to Evaluate Immunologic Response Following COVID-19 Vaccination in Children, Adolescents and Young Adults With Cancer



  1. Characterize the immunologic response following severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)-coronavirus (CoV)-2 vaccination in children, adolescents, and young adults with cancer who are currently receiving or who recently completed treatment with immunosuppressive therapy.


  1. Describe the rate of post-vaccination symptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infections. II. Assess the durability of immune response to SARS-CoV-2 vaccine over 2 years.

III. Describe the longer-term impacts of vaccine immune response including subsequent COVID-19-related serious illness.

IV. To help guide future vaccine dosing and timing, at each SARS-CoV-2 vaccine dose administration determine the degree of:

IVa. Lymphopenia (absolute lymphocyte count cells/mm3); IVb. Helper T-cell suppression (CD4 count); IVc. B-cell suppression (CD19 count). V. Provide a mechanism for data collection and banking of biospecimens for use in research regarding immune response to SARS-CoV-2 vaccination.


Patients receive COVID-19 vaccine per standard of care. Patients also complete a survey at 1 month and undergo collection of blood samples at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. Patients may complete an additional survey at 1 month after each vaccine boost and undergo collection of blood samples before each vaccine boost, 1 month after each vaccine boost, and at the time of COVID-19 infection.


COVID-19 Infection, Hematopoietic and Lymphatic System Neoplasm, Malignant Solid Neoplasm, COVID-19, Neoplasms, Biospecimen Collection


You can join if…

Open to people ages 6 months to 37 years

  • >= 6 months and =< 37 years of age at time of enrollment
  • Patient plans to receive their first COVID-19 vaccine dose one of the food and drug administration (FDA) approved/FDA-emergency use authorization (EUA) approved COVID-19 vaccines OR patient already received their first COVID-19 vaccine dose =< 24 months prior to enrollment using one of the FDA approved/FDA-EUA approved COVID-19 vaccines.
    • Note: for this observational study, the decision to vaccinate is according to local discretion and should be made prior to consideration of enrollment
  • Must have a diagnosis of cancer
  • Patient must be undergoing or have previously received one of the following cancer treatments within 12 months before their first COVID-19 vaccine dose:
    • Dosing with chemotherapy or immunotherapy agent, including tyrosine kinase inhibitors and small molecule inhibitors targeting cancer
    • Dosing with monoclonal antibodies targeting B-cell antigens (e.g., Rituximab), or Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors or Janus Kinase inhibitors
    • Stem cell infusion for bone marrow transplant or CAR-T infusion for cellular therapy
  • A patient enrolling prior to their first COVID-19 vaccine dose is eligible only if it is feasible to collect required baseline study specimens within protocol mandated time period prior to the initial COVID-19 vaccine dose; or a patient who already received a COVID-19 vaccine is eligible only if feasible to collect at least one post-first-dose follow-up specimen (i.e., at minimum, collection of the 24m PFD follow-up specimen must be feasible as per timing requirements
    • Note: for this observational study, the vaccine timing and regimen will proceed according to local discretion. Patients enrolled prior to their first COVID-19 vaccine dose who do not receive initial vaccine dose within 3 months after enrollment will be taken off study
  • All patients and/or their parents or legal guardians must sign a written informed consent
  • All institutional, FDA, and National Cancer Institute (NCI) requirements for human studies must be met

You CAN'T join if...

  • Documented SARS-CoV-2 monoclonal antibody infusion or convalescent plasma after COVID-19 infection within last 90 days
    • Note: patients with previous COVID-19 infection are eligible as long as requirements are met. Patients receiving intravenous immunoglobulin therapy (IVIG) therapy (i.e., post bone marrow transplantation [BMT] or chimeric antigen receptor [CAR]-T) are eligible
  • Patients undergoing radiation therapy only are ineligible
    • Reminder: before the planned initial COVID-19 vaccine dose, patient must be undergoing or have received cancer treatments


  • UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland accepting new patients
    Oakland California 94609 United States
  • Radiation Oncology Associates accepting new patients
    Reno Nevada 89509 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSF

  • Jennifer G. Michlitsch
    Professor, Pediatrics, School of Medicine. Authored (or co-authored) 23 research publications


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Children's Oncology Group
Study Type
Expecting 549 study participants
Last Updated