for people ages 40 years and up (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Tom Martin, MD



In this multicenter study, we will recruit 400 patients 40 years of age or older at 15 centers with a diagnosis of smoldering multiple myeloma (SMM), a group of patients for whom standard of care is observation not treatment. The main goal of this study is to screen for the diagnosis of light-chain amyloidosis (AL) before the onset of symptomatic disease and to develop a training set for a likelihood algorithm.


This study is based on results from two prior studies in which 4 of 36 patients with SMM and none of 14 patients with MGUS were found to have AL. The hypothesis that we test with this protocol is that patients with (1) a pre-existing diagnosis of SMM, (2) free light chain (FLC) abnormalities, (3) IGLV genes associated with AL,(4) t(11;14) or gain 1q, and (5) NT-proBNP > 332pg/mL will have undiagnosed AL or risk of progression to AL. We will study the potential for SMM, the FLC screen, AL-related IGLV gene use, t(11;14) or gain 1q cytogenetic abnormalities, and NT-proBNP > 332pg/mL to be the variables in a likelihood algorithm for AL.


Smoldering Multiple Myeloma, SMM, AL Amyloidosis, Multiple Myeloma, Plasma Cell Neoplasms, Immunoglobulin Light-chain Amyloidosis, Amyloidosis


You can join if…

Open to people ages 40 years and up

  • Patients 40 years of age and older
  • diagnosed with Smoldering Multiple Myeloma
  • dFLC greater than 23 mg/L
  • abnormal FLC ratio
  • If the patient has an eGFR less than 50 mL/min/1.73m2, the FLC ratio is inconsequential. The patient only needs to meet the age and dFLC criterion.

You CAN'T join if...

  • Patients younger than 40 years of age are not eligible
  • Patients with a previous finding of amyloid in other biopsies will not be included
  • Adults unable to consent are not eligible, including the cognitively impaired Pregnant women, pregnant minors, minors (i.e., individuals who are not yet adults), wards of the state, non-viable neonates, neonates of uncertain viability, and prisoners are not eligible


  • UCSF
    San Francisco California 94143 United States
  • Cedars-Sinai Medical Center
    Los Angeles California 90048 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSF


not yet accepting patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Tufts Medical Center
Study Type
Expecting 400 study participants
Last Updated