open to eligible people ages 64 years and up
There is recent, but limited evidence to suggest that anesthetic depth is associated with poor postoperative cognitive outcomes. Specifically, several studies suggest that deeper level of anesthesia is associated with increased incidence of postoperative delirium and longer-term cognitive decline. In fact, some suggest that older patients undergoing surgery should routinely be monitored with an anesthetic depth monitor to allow the titration of anesthetics or sedation medications to lighter levels to promote better postoperative cognitive outcomes. However, such a practice has never been validated or proven to be feasible or safe. Accordingly, the investigators plan an exploratory study to determine the feasibility and safety of randomizing patients undergoing major surgery to receive deep vs. light anesthetic levels during surgery.
San Francisco, California
Sorry, not recruiting here
Ventilated ICU patients frequently have sepsis and the majority have delirium, a form of brain dysfunction that is an independent predictor of increased risk of dying, length of stay, costs, and prolonged cognitive impairment in survivors. Universally prescribed sedative medications—the GABA-ergic benzodiazepines—worsen this brain organ dysfunction. The available alternative sedation regimens, the shorter acting GABA-ergic propofol, and the alpha2 agonist, dexmedetomidine, have both been shown to be superior to benzodiazepines, and yet are different with regard to their effects on innate immunity, bacterial clearance, apoptosis, cognition and delirium. The MENDS II study will compare propofol and dexmedetomidine, and determine the best sedative medication to reduce delirium and improve survival and long-term brain function in our most vulnerable patients— the ventilated septic patient.
San Francisco, California and other locations