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Opioid Use clinical trials at UCSF

11 in progress, 6 open to eligible people

Showing trials for
  • Acute Pain Management in Patients on Opioid Replacement Therapy

    open to eligible people ages 18-60

    This is an outpatient randomized within subject placebo-controlled human laboratory investigation of analgesia (as assessed with quantitative sensory testing; QST) from ketamine alone and in combination with hydromorphone in buprenorphine maintained participants. The goals of this project are to characterize the analgesic, subjective, and physiologic effects of ketamine combined with hydromorphone in patients on buprenorphine maintenance for opioid use disorder.

    San Francisco, California

  • Empower Opioid Misuse & Chronic Pain

    open to eligible people ages 18-75

    This study evaluates the effects of peripheral nerve stimulation on opioid craving and use and pain in participants with chronic non-cancer pain (NCP) and opioid misuse. Participants will be randomized to receive the active or sham control treatment for the duration of the study.

    San Francisco, California

  • Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in Expectant Mothers

    open to eligible females ages 18-41

    The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of treating opioid use disorder (OUD) in pregnant women with extended-release buprenorphine (BUP-XR), compared to sublingual buprenorphine (BUP-SL), on mother and infant outcomes. The primary hypothesis is that the BUP-XR group will not have greater illicit opioid use than the BUP-SL group during pregnancy (non-inferiority).

    San Francisco, California and other locations

  • Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in Expectant Mothers: Conceptual Model Assessments Sub-study

    open to eligible females ages 18-41

    This is a sub-study of NIDA CTN Protocol 0080: Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in Expectant Mothers (MOMs; Unique protocol ID: 2019-0429-1). Participants in MOMs will be offered the opportunity to enroll in this sub-study, which is designed to evaluate conceptual models of the mechanisms by which extended-release buprenorphine (BUP-XR), may improve mother-infant outcomes, compared to sublingual buprenorphine (BUP-SL). The additional data collected in this sub-study will be combined with data from the main MOMs trial. It is hypothesized that: (1) the buprenorphine blood levels will vary, depending on which formulation of buprenorphine was received, (2) the variation in buprenorphine blood levels will be associated with fetal behavior (including fetal heart rate variability) (3) the variation in buprenorphine blood levels will be associated with differences in mother outcomes (including medication adherence and illicit opioid use) (4) the variation in buprenorphine blood levels and in fetal behavior will be associated with infant outcomes (including neonatal opioid withdrawal syndrome and infant development).

    San Francisco, California and other locations

  • Minimally Invasive Thoracic Surgery Intercostal Nerve Block Trial

    open to eligible people ages 18 years and up

    The Minimally Invasive Thoracic Surgery Intercostal Nerve Block Trial is a single center, double-blind, randomized, active-comparator controlled clinical trial to assess the analgesic efficacy of intercostal nerve block by Liposomal Bupivacaine versus Standard Bupivacaine in subjects undergoing lung resection by robotic or video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery.

    San Francisco, California

  • The Effect of Chronic Pain on Delay Discounting in Methadone Patients

    open to eligible people ages 18-65

    The epidemic of opioid overdose deaths continues to rise, killing more persons in 2017 than HIV/AIDS at the height of that epidemic. Medication assisted treatment, including methadone and buprenorphine, is the standard of care for the treatment of opioid use disorder (OUD). However, chronic pain can reduce treatment efficacy during medication assisted treatment and is associated with illicit substance relapse, dropout, and subsequent overdose. Mechanisms by which chronic pain may influence the impulsive decision making (e.g., drug relapse) in persons with OUD have not been well characterized. A better understanding is needed of decision-making in this population. Two factors that can influence decisions to use drugs are impulsivity and acute opioid withdrawal. This proposal will test how chronic pain is associated with increases in impulsive decision making in OUD, whether impulsive decision making is greater when undergoing opioid withdrawal, and how catastrophizing may modify the association between withdrawal and impulsive decision making in patients with chronic pain and OUD. An ideal population for this developmental research project are methadone maintained patients, who show high treatment attendance rates and will therefore assure study efficiency and reliable completion.

    San Francisco, California

  • A Study Comparing Oral Buprenorphine and Injectable Buprenorphine for the Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder

    Sorry, not currently recruiting here

    VA-BRAVE will determine whether a 28-day long-acting injectable sub-cutaneous (in the belly area) formulation of buprenorphine at a target dose of 300mg is superior in retaining Veterans in opioid treatment and in sustaining opioid abstinence compared to the daily sublingual (under the tongue) buprenorphine formulation at a target dose of 16-24 mg (standard of care). This is an open-label, randomized, controlled trial including 900 Veterans with opioid use disorder (OUD) recruited over 3 years and followed actively for 52 weeks. There are a number of secondary objectives that will be studied as well and include: comorbid substance use, both non-fatal and fatal opioid overdose, HIV and Hepatitis C (HCV) testing results and risk behaviors, incarceration, quality of life, psychiatric symptoms of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder, housing status, and cost-effectiveness.

    San Francisco, California and other locations

  • Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in Expectant Mothers: Infant Neurodevelopmental Outcomes Sub-study

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    This is a sub-study of NIDA CTN Protocol 0080: Medication Treatment for Opioid Use Disorder in Expectant Mothers (MOMs; Unique protocol ID: 2019-0429-1). Caretakers of the infants delivered by MOMs participants will be offered the opportunity to enroll in this sub-study, which is designed to evaluate the impact of extended-release buprenorphine (BUP-XR), relative to sublingual buprenorphine (BUP-SL), on infant neurodevelopment. The additional data collected in this sub-study will be combined with data from the main MOMs trial.

    San Francisco, California and other locations

  • Opioid Approach Bias Modification

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    To investigate the neurobiological mechanisms underlying opioid approach bias during a pilot RCT of opioid approach bias modification. The investigators are combining novel ultra-high field MRI technology with the promising treatment of modifying cognitive bias away from detrimental prescription drug use will generate novel neural data and potentially yield a new therapeutic tool to reduce problematic opioid use.

    San Francisco, California

  • The Effect of Pectoral Blocks on Perioperative Pain in Gender Affirmation Top Surgery

    Sorry, accepting new patients by invitation only

    Despite recent advancements with regional and local anesthesia, postoperative pain continues to be a major concern for patients undergoing breast surgery. Opioids, often in combination with NSAIDS and/or gabapentioids, have been the main pharmacologic pain control strategy in the postoperative period. The pectoral nerve block is a regional anesthetic technique, which is effective at providing postoperative anesthesia in breast surgeries. However, this has only been studied in oncologic-related breast operations. It is our aim to study the effects of pectoral regional nerve blocks in patients undergoing breast reduction for gender affirmation. The overall goal is to establish an effective pain control regimen utilizing regional anesthetic techniques in this patient population. The specific objective of this proposal is to evaluate the effectiveness of these blocks on perioperative and postoperative analgesia. The hypothesis is that participants undergoing gender-affirmation breast surgery who receive a pectoral nerve block will have less perioperative and postoperative pain as well as reduced opioid consumption compared to those receiving a placebo. Participants who are undergoing gender affirmation breast reduction surgery will be randomized to either receive a preoperative nerve block or to receive a placebo. Intraoperative and postoperative opioid requirements will be compared in addition to post-operative pain scores. Participants will be asked to fill out a pain diary during their first week postoperatively. They will also be asked to document if, and when, narcotic pain medication was required for pain control. The two groups will be compared to determine if there was any difference in pain scores as well as narcotic medication requirements.

    San Francisco, California

  • Transitions Clinic Network: Post Incarceration Addiction Treatment, Healthcare, and Social Support

    Sorry, not yet accepting patients

    Purpose: The overall objective of this study is to assess whether the Transitions Clinic Network (TCN) program, which provides enhanced primary care and opioid use disorder (OUD) treatment for people recently released from incarceration, improves measures in the opioid treatment cascade compared to referral to standard primary care. Participants: 800 individuals currently receiving medications for OUD released from six local jails (Bridgeport, CT; Bronx, NY; Caguas, PR; Durham, NC; Minneapolis, MN; Rochester, NY) Procedures (methods): This is a hybrid type I effectiveness-implementation trial will randomize 800 people to one of two treatment conditions: TNC and referral to opioid treatment program (OTP) or standard care and referral to OTP. People will complete the recruitment process while in jail (screening, consent, baseline assessments, and randomization). Post incarceration participants will meet with research assistants for a structured interview and urine toxicology screening at 1, 6, and 12 months, and a phone interview at months 3 and 9. 120 people will be selected to participate in Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA) to access both the acceptability and appropriateness of the TCN intervention and the multi-level facilitators and barriers of OUD treatment engagement in the first 30 days following release from incarceration.

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