Pneumonia clinical trials at UCSF
3 research studies open to eligible people
Simultaneously Implementing Pathways for Improving Asthma, Pneumonia, and Bronchiolitis Care for Hospitalized Children
open to eligible people ages up to 17 years
This study's objective is to identify and test pragmatic and sustainable strategies for implementing a multi-condition clinical pathway intervention for children hospitalized with asthma, pneumonia, or bronchiolitis in community hospitals. The hypothesis is that the multi-condition pathway intervention will be associated with significantly greater increases in clinicians' adoption of evidence-based practices compared to control. The study is a pragmatic, cluster-randomized trial in US community hospitals. The primary outcome will be adoption of evidence-based practices over a sustained period of 2 years. Secondary outcomes include length of hospital stay, intensive care unit transfer, and hospital readmission/emergency department revisit.
San Francisco, California
Observational Study to Assess the Prevalence and Outcomes of Primary Pulmonary Coccidioidomycosis in Persons Aged > / = 14 Years Presenting With Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) in Endemic Areas (SAnds-PPC)
open to eligible people ages 14-99
This is an observational study in 750 individuals aged 14 years or older, diagnosed with Community Acquired Pneumonia (CAP) who meet all eligibility criteria in Coccidioides endemic regions. This study is designed to provide data on the prevalence of primary pulmonary coccidioidomycosis among persons presenting with CAP in endemic regions. Among individuals diagnosed with primary pulmonary coccidioidomycosis, we aim to describe the clinical course, predictors of the clinical course and compare the response to prescribed antifungal therapy versus no antifungal therapy. The hypothesis for patients with primary pulmonary coccidioidomycosis is that early treatment with antifungal therapy is effective in reducing the frequency, severity and associated adverse outcomes of infection with recently acquired coccidioidomycosis pneumonia. The study will be divided into Step 1 and Step 2. Step 1 will identify which subjects have primary pulmonary coccidioidomycosis based on the case definition for the protocol and Step 2 will follow subjects who meet the case definition and will observe their clinical management and clinical outcomes. Subjects will enroll in Step 1 within 28 days of symptom onset. In Step 1, blood work for serologic determination of Coccidioides infection will be drawn at the time of enrollment (Day 1), and again 21 days later if a positive result is not reported at Day 1. Subjects with a diagnosis of primary pulmonary coccidioidomycosis confirmed by positive serologic testing during Step 1 will enter Step 2 within 21 days of a positive test result; subjects with a negative serology at Day 1 and Day 22 will not be followed further. Subjects referred to the study after a diagnosis of primary pulmonary coccidioidomycosis confirmed by positive serologic testing will also be allowed to enter Step 2 directly within 21 days of a positive test result and within 7 weeks of symptom onset, as long as they meet study enrollment criteria. The primary objective is to assess the prevalence of primary pulmonary coccidioidomycosis (PPC) in subjects with community acquired pneumonia (CAP) in coccidioidomycosis endemic areas.
Fresno, California and other locations
open to eligible people ages up to 24 years
Hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HSCT) is an effective but toxic therapy and pulmonary morbidity affects as many as 25% of children receiving transplant. Early pulmonary injury includes diffuse alveolar hemorrhage (DAH), thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) interstitial pneumonitis (IPS) and infection, while later, bronchiolitis obliterans is a complication of chronic GVHD associated with severe morbidity and mortality. Improved diagnosis and treatment of pulmonary complications are urgently needed as survival after HSCT improves, and as HSCT is increasingly used for non-malignant disorders such as sickle cell disease. Currently, there are large and important gaps in the investigator's knowledge regarding incidence, etiology and optimal treatment of pulmonary complications. Moreover, young children unable to perform spirometry are often diagnosed late, and strategies for monitoring therapeutic response are limited. This is a prospective multi-institutional cohort study in pediatric patients undergoing allogeneic (alloHSCT) or autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (autoHSCT). Assembly of a large prospective uniformly screened cohort of children receiving HSCT, together with collection of biological samples, will be an effective strategy to identify mechanisms of lung injury, test novel diagnostic strategies for earlier diagnosis, and novel treatments to reduce morbidity and mortality from lung injury after transplant.
San Francisco, California and other locations