Summary

Eligibility
for people ages up to 29 years (full criteria)
Location
at Oakland, California and other locations
Dates
study started
estimated completion

Description

Summary

This phase III trial is studying vincristine, dactinomycin, and doxorubicin with or without radiation therapy or observation only to see how well they work in treating patients undergoing surgery for newly diagnosed stage I, stage II, or stage III Wilms' tumor. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as vincristine, dactinomycin, and doxorubicin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells or by stopping them from dividing. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to kill tumor cells. Giving these treatments after surgery may kill any tumor cells that remain after surgery. Sometimes, after surgery, the tumor may not need additional treatment until it progresses. In this case, observation may be sufficient.

Official Title

Treatment for Very Low and Standard Risk Favorable Histology Wilms Tumor

Details

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the overall and event-free survival of younger patients with newly diagnosed stage I favorable histology Wilms' tumor (< 2 years of age and < 550gms) treated with nephrectomy only (very low risk), or with newly diagnosed stage III favorable histology Wilms tumor with possible nephrectomy followed by vincristine, dactinomycin, doxorubicin hydrochloride, and radiotherapy (standard risk). SECONDARY OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the effects of adding doxorubicin hydrochloride to the regimen for patients with stage I or II favorable histology found to have a high-risk biological marker. II. Determine whether the omission of adjuvant therapy increases the incidence of contralateral kidney lesions in patients with very low-risk disease treated by nephrectomy and observation only. III. Determine whether the omission of adjuvant therapy increases the incidence of renal failure in patients with very low-risk disease who have metachronous relapse. IV. Correlate study outcomes in patients with standard-risk disease with biological data from tissue collections on protocol study COG-AREN03B2. OUTLINE: This is a multicenter study. Patients are stratified according to clinical and biological risk factors (very low risk vs standard risk). STRATUM I: (very low-risk disease) Patients undergo nephrectomy only. If they meet criteria, they are then observed periodically for 5 years. Patients with recurrent disease undergo surgery (immediate or delayed) and receive chemotherapy as in stratum III. Patients with no metachronous renal disease receive radiotherapy. Patients with metachronous disease undergo renal-sparing surgery and chemotherapy as in stratum III, but no radiotherapy. Treatment continues for up to 25 weeks. STRATUM II: (standard-risk, stage I or II disease with adverse biological marker) Patients undergo nephrectomy. Between 9 and 14 days post-nephrectomy, patients receive vincristine IV beginning on day 1, every week for 10 weeks then every 3 weeks for a total of 15 doses. Patients receive dactinomycin IV beginning day 1, alternating every 3 weeks with doxorubicin hydrochloride IV for a total of 5 doses of dactinomycin and 4 doses of doxorubicin. Treatment continues for up to 25 weeks. STRATUM III: (standard-risk, stage III disease) Patients undergo nephrectomy, if feasible, or biopsy. For patients who undergo biopsy only, definitive surgery is undertaken at week 7 or 13. Between 9 and 14 days post-nephrectomy, patients receive vincristine IV beginning on day 1 every week for 10 weeks then every 3 weeks for a total of 15 doses. Patients receive dactinomycin IV beginning day 1, alternating every 3 weeks with doxorubicin hydrochloride IV for a total of 5 doses of dactinomycin and 4 dose of doxorubicin hydrochloride. Patients undergo radiotherapy over 5-7 days after nephrectomy. Treatment continues for up to 25 weeks. After completion of study treatment, patients are followed periodically for up to 8 years.

Keywords

Stage I Wilms Tumor Stage II Wilms Tumor Stage III Wilms Tumor Neoplasms Wilms Tumor Dactinomycin Cactinomycin Doxorubicin Liposomal doxorubicin Vincristine vincristine sulfate doxorubicin hydrochloride 3-dimensional conformal radiation therapy

Eligibility

For people ages up to 29 years

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Histologically confirmed Wilms' tumor
  • Newly diagnosed stage I-III disease
  • Favorable histology
  • No moderate- or high-risk Wilms' predisposition syndromes
  • Must meet 1 of the following disease stratification categories:
  • Very low-risk disease
  • Stage I disease
  • Age < 2 years
  • Tumor weight < 550 g
  • Regional lymph nodes histologically negative (must have been sampled)
  • No pulmonary metastases on CT scan of chest
  • No synchronous bilateral Wilms tumors (Stage V)
  • Not predisposed to develop bilateral Wilms tumors, defined as unilateral

Wilms tumor and any of the following:

  • Aniridia
  • Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome
  • Simpson-Golabi-Behmel syndrome
  • Denys-Drash syndrome or other associated genito-urinary anomalies
  • Multicentric WT or unilateral WT with contralateral nephrogenic rest(s) in a child < 1 year of age
  • Diffuse hyperplastic perilobar nephroblastomatosis
  • Standard-risk disease meeting 1 of the following criteria:
  • Disease does not require radiotherapy
  • LOH at chromosomes 1p and 16q for stage I or II
  • Stage I disease meeting 1 of the following criteria:
  • Age ≥ 2 years to age < 30 years
  • Tumor weight ≥ 500 g
  • Stage II disease
  • Age < 30 years
  • Any tumor weight
  • Disease requires radiotherapy
  • No LOH at chromosomes 1p and 16q*
  • Stage III disease
  • Must be enrolled on protocol COG-AREN03B2
  • Karnofsky performance status (PS) 50-100% for patients > 16 years old
  • Lansky PS 50-100% for patients ≤ 16 years old
  • Bilirubin (direct) ≤ 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST or ALT < 2.5 times ULN
  • Shortening fraction ≥ 27% by echocardiogram OR ejection fraction ≥ 50% by radionuclide angiogram (standard-risk disease)
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patient must use effective contraception
  • No prior tumor-directed chemotherapy or radiotherapy
  • Patients transferring from AREN03B2 with LOH 1p and 16q allowed

Locations

  • Children's Hospital and Research Center at Oakland
    Oakland California 94609-1809 United States
  • University of California San Francisco Medical Center-Parnassus
    San Francisco California 94143 United States
  • Kaiser Permanente-Oakland
    Oakland California 94611 United States
  • Children's Hospital Central California
    Madera California 93636-8762 United States
  • Lucile Packard Children's Hospital Stanford University
    Palo Alto California 94304 United States

Details

Status
in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
(estimated)
Sponsor
Children's Oncology Group
Links
Data Available: Select individual patient-level data from this trial can be requested from the NCTN/NCORP Data Archive
ID
NCT00352534
Phase
Phase 3 Wilms Tumor Research Study
Study Type
Interventional
Participants
At least 808 people participating
Last Updated