for people ages 3-17 (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
estimated completion



This parallel group, open label study will evaluate the safety and efficacy of Pegasys (peginterferon alfa-2a) versus untreated control in children (age 3 years to <18 years at baseline) with HBeAg positive chronic hepatitis B. Children without advanced fibrosis and without cirrhosis will be randomized 2:1 to treatment Group A, receiving Pegasys 45-180 mcg subcutaneously weekly for 48 weeks, or to the untreated control Group B. Children with advanced fibrosis will be assigned to treatment group C and receive 48 weeks of treatment with Pegasys. Children in the untreated control Group B who have not experienced seroconversion 48 weeks after randomization may enter the Switch Arm to receive 48 weeks of Pegasys treatment. This offer will be available for 1 year following 48 weeks from randomization. Anticipated time on study treatment is 48 weeks. All subjects will be followed up for 5 years after the end of treatment (A,C,Switch)/principal observation (B) period.

Official Title

A Phase IIIb Parallel Group, Open Label Study of Pegylated Interferon Alfa-2a Monotherapy (PEG-IFN, Ro 25-8310) Compared to Untreated Control in Children With HBeAg Positive Chronic Hepatitis B


Hepatitis B, Chronic Hepatitis A Hepatitis B Hepatitis Peginterferon alfa-2a Interferon-alpha peginterferon alfa-2a [Pegasys] A Pegasys Switch


You can join if…

Open to people ages 3-17

  • Male or female patients, 3 years to <18 years of age at baseline
  • Positive HBsAg for more than 6 months
  • Positive HBeAg and detectable HBV DNA at screening
  • A liver biopsy obtained within the past 2 years prior to baseline (and more than 6 months after the end of previous therapy for hepatitis B) to confirm the presence of advanced fibrosis or exclude cirrhosis
  • Compensated liver disease (Child-Pugh Class A)
  • Elevated serum alanine transferase (ALT)
  • Normal thyroid gland function at screening

You CAN'T join if...

  • Subjects with cirrhosis
  • Subjects must not have received investigational drugs or licensed treatments with anti-HBV activity within 6 months of baseline. Subjects who are expected to need systemic antiviral therapy other than that provided by the study at any time during their participation in the study are also excluded
  • Known hypersensitivity to peginterferon
  • Positive test results at screening for hepatitis A, hepatitis C, hepatitis D or HIV infection
  • History or evidence of medical condition associated with chronic liver disease other than chronic hepatitis B
  • History or evidence of bleeding from esophageal varices
  • Decompensated liver disease (e.g. ascites, Child-Pugh Class B or C)
  • History of immunologically mediated disease
  • Pregnant or lactating females


  • Univ of California SF, Benioff Children's Hospital; Pediatrics, Gastro, Hepatology & Nutrition
    San Francisco California 94143 United States
  • Seattle Children's Hospital
    Seattle Washington 98105 United States


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Hoffmann-La Roche
Phase 3
Study Type
Last Updated