for people ages 18 years and up (full criteria)
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Jennifer Price
Headshot of Jennifer Price
Jennifer Price



The primary objective of this study is to determine if an HIV-infected donor liver (HIVD+) transplant is safe with regards to major transplant-related and HIV-related complications

Official Title

HOPE in Action Prospective Multicenter, Clinical Trial of HIV+ Deceased Donor Liver Transplants for HIV+ Recipients


This study will evaluate if receiving a liver transplant from an HIV-infected deceased liver donor is safe with regards to survival and major transplant-related and HIV-related complications compared to receiving a liver from an HIV-uninfected deceased liver donor (HIVD-). Those participants who have accepted an HIVD- organ will be randomized to be followed in the full study or followed in the nested observational group


Hiv, Death, HIVD+/R+, HIV D+/R+, HIVD-/R+


You can join if…

Open to people ages 18 years and up

  • Participant meets the standard criteria for liver transplant at the local center.
  • Participants being listed for a simultaneous liver kidney (SLK) are eligible if participants meet the standard criteria for both organs.
  • Participant is able to understand and provide informed consent.
  • Participant meets with an independent advocate per the HIV Organ Policy Equity (HOPE) Act Safeguards and Research Criteria.
  • Documented HIV infection (by any licensed assay or documented history of detectable HIV-1 RNA).*
  • Participant is ≥ 18 years old.
  • Opportunistic complications: prior history of certain opportunistic infections is not an exclusion if the participant has received appropriate therapy and has no evidence of active disease. Medical record documentation should be provided whenever possible.
  • CD4+ T-cell count: ≥ 100/µL within 16 weeks prior to transplant if no history of AIDS-defining infection; or ≥ 200 μL if history of opportunistic infection is present.
  • HIV-1 RNA is below 50 RNA/mL.* Viral blips between 50-400 copies will be allowed as long as there are not consecutive measurements > 200 copies/mL. *Organ recipients who are unable to tolerate anti-retroviral therapy (ART) due to organ.

    failure or recently started ART may be eligible despite a detectable viral load if safe and effective ART to be used by the recipient after transplantation is described.

  • Participant must have or be willing to start seeing a primary medical care provider with expertise in HIV management.
  • Participant is willing to comply with all medications related to participant's transplant and HIV management.
  • For participants with a history of aspergillus colonization or disease, no current clinical evidence of active disease.
  • Agreement to use contraception.
  • Participant is not suffering from significant wasting (e.g. body mass index < 21) thought to be related to HIV disease.

You CAN'T join if...

  • Participant has a history of progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), or primary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma.*
  • Participant is pregnant or breastfeeding. (Note: Participants who become pregnant post-transplant will continue to be followed in the study and will be managed per local site practice. Women that become pregnant should not breastfeed.)
  • Past or current medical problems or findings from medical history, physical examination or laboratory testing that are not listed above, which, in the opinion of the investigator, may pose additional risks from participation in the study, may interfere with the participant's ability to comply with study requirements or that may impact the quality or interpretation of the data obtained from the study.


  • UCSF
    San Francisco California 94193 United States
  • University of California, San Diego
    San Diego California 92103 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSF

  • Jennifer Price
    Associate Professor, Medicine, School of Medicine. Authored (or co-authored) 98 research publications


in progress, not accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Johns Hopkins University
Study Type
About 80 people participating
Last Updated