for people ages 5-17 (full criteria)
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
at San Francisco, California
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Justin Libaw, MD, MPH
Headshot of Justin Libaw
Justin Libaw



The purpose of this study is to assess the use of virtual reality (VR) as an adjunct or alternative to pharmacologic sedation in pediatric patients undergoing renal biopsy.

Official Title

Evaluating the Feasibility of Virtual Reality for Procedural Sedation in Pediatric Renal Biopsy Patients


Children aged 5-17 scheduled for renal biopsy will be offered the option to use a virtual reality (VR) headset that displays an interactive game as part of their renal biopsy experience. The standard of care of sedation medications will still be available to patients who are unable to complete the procedure with only the VR headset without pharmacologic sedation. Pain and anxiety will be monitored continuously using validated scales by a pediatric hospitalist and sedation nurse. These providers, as well as patients and parents, may ask for additional medications for adequate analgesia and anxiolysis.


Pain, Procedural, Procedural Anxiety, Sedation Complication, Procedural Pain, Samsung Gear Virtual Reality Headset


You can join if…

Open to people ages 5-17

  • Patients age 5-17 receiving a renal biopsy at the University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) Benioff Children's Hospital

You CAN'T join if...

  • Patients who cannot lie supine for their renal biopsy will be excluded from the study
  • Patients with injuries to the head/face that would prohibit wearing a headset
  • Patients with loss of consciousness, altered mental status, life-threatening injuries/illness or multi-trauma
  • Patients with open skin, lice, scabies, or other infectious skin conditions on the head/face
  • Patients with a history of or current symptoms of vertigo
  • Patients who are blind
  • Patients with significant developmental or cognitive delays who may not be able to engage with or tolerate the virtual reality environment, as determined by their parent/caregiver
  • Patients on whom the VR headset does not fit appropriately


  • UCSF Benioff Children's Hospital accepting new patients
    San Francisco California 94143 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSF

  • Justin Libaw, MD, MPH
    Assistant Professor, Anesthesia, School of Medicine. Authored (or co-authored) 4 research publications


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
University of California, San Francisco
Samsung Gear VR Headset
Study Type
Expecting 20 study participants
Last Updated