for people ages 8 years and up (full criteria)
Healthy Volunteers
healthy people welcome
at San Francisco, California and other locations
study started
completion around
Principal Investigator
by Matthew Bucknor
Headshot of Matthew Bucknor
Matthew Bucknor



Osteoid osteomas are painful, benign bone tumors that occur most frequently in young males between ages 10 and 20 years. The goal of the proposed study is based on the premise that MRgFUS is noninferior to CT-guided radiofrequency ablation (CTgRFA), in terms of pain reduction following treatment of osteoid osteomas, and offers possible improvements with regards to 1) post-procedural pain, 2) clinical resource utilization, 3) patient experience, and/or 4) adverse events. The data from the current study would provide clinicians important information in deciding between treatment options for ablation of osteoid osteomas.

Official Title

Phase III Study to Compare the Effectiveness of Magnetic Resonance Guided Focused Ultrasound With Computed Tomography Guided Radiofrequency Ablation for Treatment of Osteoid Osteomas


Osteoid Osteoma, Osteoma, MRgFUS, CTgRFA


You can join if…

Open to people ages 8 years and up

  1. Men and women ages ≥ 8 years old.
  2. Diagnosis of osteoid osteoma as confirmed when a musculoskeletal radiologist and orthopedic oncologist agree that a patient's imaging and clinical history are most compatible with the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma. A patient referred by a clinician other than orthopedic oncologist will require a clinic visit with an orthopedic oncologist for study inclusion.
  3. Patients must have medically uncontrolled pain from an osteoid osteoma, as defined by pain, which, in the view of the referring orthopedic oncologist significantly interferes with that patient's activities of daily living. Pain may be refractory to management with medications because of inadequate pain control, or because of side effects of the pain medication.
  4. If patients have an additional site of pain, it must be 2 points less severe and distinguishable from the pain at the osteoid osteoma site.
  5. Patients (or guardians/parents) who are able and willing to give consent (or assent where applicable) and able to attend all study visits.
  6. No prior interventional therapy for the osteoid osteoma.
  7. Able to safely undergo MRI exam, tolerate being in an MRI scanner, and receive anesthesia/sedation for the treatment.
  8. Targeted bone/tumor interface is accessible to the ExAblate device and located in a rib, extremity (excluding intra-articular location), pelvis, shoulders (including clavicles), or the sternum.
  9. Targeted lesion must be deeper than 1 cm from the skin.
  10. Targeted lesion must be clearly visible by non-contrast MRI.
  11. Karnofsky Performance Status > 60.

You CAN'T join if...

  1. Patients a) who need surgical stabilization of the affected bone (elevated fracture risk) or b) whose targeted tumor is at an impending fracture site, as determined by the referring orthopedic oncologist.
  2. Targeted tumor in the skull/spine.
  3. Targeted tumor is < 1 cm from a major nerve.
  4. Pregnancy.
  5. Patients with an acute medical condition (e.g. pneumonia, sepsis) that is expected to hinder them from completing this study.
  6. Patients with unstable cardiac status including: patients on anti-arrhythmic drugs, unstable angina pectoris, documented myocardial infarction within six months of protocol entry, congestive heart failure requiring medication (other than diuretic).
  7. Severe hypertension (diastolic BP > 100 on medication)
  8. Patients with standard contraindications for MR imaging such as non-MRI compatible implanted metallic devices.
  9. Patients with an active infection or severe hematological, neurological, or other uncontrolled disease.
  10. Severe cerebrovascular disease.
  11. Known intolerance or allergy to medications used for sedation/anesthesia.
  12. Known intolerance or allergy to MR contrast agent (gadolinium chelates).
  13. Patients unable to communicate with the investigator and staff.
  14. Patients with persistent pain undistinguishable from the target lesion.


  • UCSF Imaging Center accepting new patients
    San Francisco California 94107 United States
  • Stanford Medical Center accepting new patients
    Palo Alto California 94305 United States

Lead Scientist at UCSF

  • Matthew Bucknor
    Matthew Bucknor, MD, MFA is an Associate Professor in Musculoskeletal Imaging, and the Associate Chair for Wellbeing and Professional Climate in the UCSF Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging. He also serves as Executive Sponsor of Differences Matter, a multi-year School of Medicine initiative designed to promote equity, belonging, and anti-oppression at UCSF.


accepting new patients
Start Date
Completion Date
Matthew Bucknor
Phase 3 Osteoid Osteoma Research Study
Study Type
Expecting 56 study participants
Last Updated